0000035147 00000 n The C maj chord will contain the pitches 1, 3 and 5. 0000034029 00000 n Major Chords. 0000043145 00000 n 0000017094 00000 n 0000006350 00000 n d is the perpendicular distance from the chord to the circle center. Symbols are given in approximate order of popularity of usage. h�bbbd`b``Ń3��~0 �^q endstream endobj 162 0 obj <>/Metadata 4 0 R/Pages 3 0 R/StructTreeRoot 6 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 163 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 164 0 obj [165 0 R 166 0 R 167 0 R] endobj 165 0 obj <>/Border[0 0 0]/H/N/Rect[363.62 107.049 487.986 122.991]/StructParent 1/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> endobj 166 0 obj <>/Border[0 0 0]/H/N/Rect[36.0 49.8712 140.818 63.5352]/StructParent 2/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> endobj 167 0 obj <>/Border[0 0 0]/H/N/Rect[466.4 49.8712 573.0 63.5352]/StructParent 3/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> endobj 168 0 obj <> endobj 169 0 obj <> endobj 170 0 obj <>stream 0000029591 00000 n Chord structure consists of notes and intervals which can vary from 2-note chords and their respective intervals right up to 7-note chords and everything in between. 0000028930 00000 n Normal The dominant seventh is sometimes just called the "seventh", even though it contains a minor seventh and not a major seventh. Chords for Piano Compiled by Simon Creedy PLEASE DISTRIBUTE FREELY The contents of this pdf file can be distributed freely and are available to everyone. 0000002958 00000 n These formulas remain the same regardless of the root note. You may choose a formula that contains chords Knowing how chord formulas work and knowing the notes on the strings is the ultimate combination. 0000016459 00000 n View Power Chords on Guitar for a full breakdown on the power chord formula. chord theory is new for you, take a look at the Common Chord Formula Chart. 0000001556 00000 n Since this is a very broad topic, new articles, illustrating the use of these chords, will be added frequently. Going through piano chords for beginners, a formula chart is handy as it shows chord inversions. %PDF-1.5 Chord Formula Chart This chart contains the formulas needed to figure out any chord, based on the number on half-steps between each note. the chosen chord length. So is Am – Dm. However, if the PC and PT of the curve are established in the usual way, the technique can be used to set POC's coming in from the PC and PT with given chord lengths and letting the odd distance fall in the center of the curve. 5 0 obj Chord Symbols and Formulas In the following charts, for each chord you find its symbol ( major, minor, 7, 9 etc ) and the intervals composing the chord ( 1,3,5,6, etc ). 0000008645 00000 n 0000006879 00000 n 0000037791 00000 n Some formulas modify one of the degrees with an accidental. �%��� h�r��<3elFL�;f�HR������1�7TT9Z�������!ј�b���z8@C'6��䙪��>Z����n9����W(t����m�o����]�{���yC�:�XQjf�#�lH�g����O�:�f����C' 0000003384 00000 n Choose a chord length (c), usually 25 or 50 feet 3. That is a whole different animal. All this will become clearer as we move through the formulas and pick out some chords in a few different scales or keys. 0000008159 00000 n x��YYs7~ׯط�vF��I�L:i��j;�LK>�-O�_�A�@ˮ7����� �CÙ� �qqx>{�����p��>-��gf���o��ׇ�����ь��n����qŔl�����3+�6�=��B �^vsxƈ U{��3�q�.ӆ����}5��Bȸ�Z�$��=Fk�e��� �'��.F�G!m��ǵT*]����? Locate PC 2. 0000034579 00000 n 0000007524 00000 n The Major scale is comprised of 7 notes. Step 2: Pick ANY formula Much like with the chord you pick, there is no “wrong” formula to use, but the ease of the chord progression formula, as well as the chords found within each formula, does make a difference as to whether or not the chords that are possible are logical. 0000004052 00000 n So a C Major chord has the notes C-E-G. C Major Triad. 0000008532 00000 n the C chord in the key of A minor would technically be your b3 chord, because the relationship from A to C is a minor 3rd. 0000008085 00000 n Click here to learn all about them and how you can commit them to memory! trailer <<944CEC0A45D147369C35B590009D455E>]/Prev 68623/XRefStm 1829>> startxref 0 %%EOF 223 0 obj <>stream There are only 12 notes in all of Western music: A, A# or Bb, B, C, C# or Db, D, D# or Eb, E, F, and F# or Gb. In order to analyze chord construction we need to look at scales and the notes that make them up. 0000002654 00000 n Some progressions will explicitly use seventh chords, while others will not. The number between parenthesis are optional tones that you can use in the chord. Chord Progression Formulas “C Major” Chords. Power chords are the foundation of rock music as we know it. Click here for the printable PDF. 0000042661 00000 n �.����?q�W4�Jؠ�i ��* endstream endobj 171 0 obj <>stream 161 0 obj <> endobj xref 161 63 0000000016 00000 n Music Skills > Chord Formulas - Basic Triads Summary: How to work out triad formulas from the major scale Chord Formulas - Basic Triads: Basic triads . And the chord change F – B x in the key of C / Am is a chromatic progression, exiting. Substitute 6 for 7 in the formulas for Maj6 and Min6 chords. The Major Scale can be viewed as the foundation from which ALL scales and ALL chords are formed. All major keys are … Practice all nine chord types with all 4 formulas in 12 keys. Here are the chord-formulas: Major Seventh--1 3 5 7 (EXAMPLE: C E G B) (NOTATION: CM7 or Cmaj7) This is NOT the chord you play when someone says "C7". �L�g�/H5�e\�XP�P�^���}@�ak��0�5�a�X#���m�`s���A΁뀩�~� Lx�2����(����O�w$�V ]�����%��XU� �,VF.� If you were using a C# chord in the key of A, you’d call that your ‘3’ chord, because the relationship from A to C# is a major 3rd]. What’s missing? 0000037308 00000 n Bؔ*��X�����2�_�T�M�(�DA���g-�Q�P�A�σ�4�F�|����W�S�v�>O��P͔�otD�N*+�@N���O�i-��$=g As these only apply to the major second and perfect fourth, there is no such thing as, say, a Csus6, which would proba… whole – whole – half – whole – whole – whole – half Mnemonic Device: “What would Harry wearwhenweighing himself?” Examples: G, A, B, C, D, E, F♯, (G) C, D, E, F, G, A, B, (C) Solfege: do, re, mi, fa, sol, la, ti, do Use these instructional materials to help open up guitar avenues and to examine different chords and rhythms, lead guitar techniques, learning the fretboard, music theory,scales, and the world of playing over chord changes. Well, for example, the chord change Dm – G is a fifth progression down. 0000034296 00000 n 0000002807 00000 n %�쏢 chords), and later replace these triads with dominant seventh chords and minor seventh chords for added color and tension. %PDF-1.4 %���� 0000029511 00000 n We have already figured out a C major chord by choosing Notes 1,3,and 5 ( C, E, G, ) from the C major scale. 0000036871 00000 n Print The idea of chord construction can be simply broken down into 3 main groups of sound 0000002005 00000 n <> See the C Major scale spelled out below: The popular Do-Re-Mi song represents the notes of a Major scale: This is known as first inversion. We take the first, third, and fifth note of the major scale to create this chord. 0000016063 00000 n Altered Suspended Any chord with a major third can have the third replaced by a major second or perfect fourth to form a suspended chord. A power chord can be substituted for any major or minor chord. :��q� ��e���lB��^����^{�,�ʂz�9�A��� �a�jО[�@���^�kʙvAj׾A�?u�%�(v��)�����l@/9IO������pL�^���Y�����L{x�bx�L����`Z��-�}��u�Yo�o����|� �eRK�g��� ���ާ=���r��Ȕ�^V���q� �@��V6*���9����J�Oï��(�>�r��LKl��NhHe-KU��M���"n�:Gz_!9J[�x����k��6ņ�9�F�(+qH���3\��2�=�a��lqR)�_�� ���#r0z^��}I� � ��b ���g�S� ���$�|ը�v"H�%�M���"���2�pے�����!����u�p�jo�����]R�!qX����g�� There will be a sequence of numbers and letters such as: 1 (C) 3 (E) 5 (G) on the C Major card. But they’re actually simpler than you think! 0000042937 00000 n 0000037335 00000 n 0000017014 00000 n There are only 12 Major scales, each of the twelve starting on one of the 12 notes listed above. If you have the 50 Essential Chords Pack you will notice a chord formula below the chord diagram on every card. chord theory along with the basic chord shapes to get you through most playing situations - whether you’re playing in a 3-piece rock band or a 17-piece jazz ensemble; 2) you will acquire the tools to define your own ‘chord voice’. There are FOUR basic types of seventh chords: Major 7, Minor 7, Dominant 7 and Diminished 7. However, you can be creative and substitute these chords, even including major seventh chords or other types of extensions as you learn them. One chord type that isn’t listed here is the power chord. 0000008795 00000 n 0000028234 00000 n Joe Pass played chords differently from Barney Kessel. Numbers in brackets are optional notes. 0000016432 00000 n – Figure out how to play a chord when you only have the name of a chord. The infinite line extension of a chord is a secant line, or just secant.More generally, a chord is a line segment joining two points on any curve, for instance, an ellipse.A chord that passes through a circle's center point is the circle's diameter.The word chord is from the Latin chorda meaning bowstring. 0000005788 00000 n Alan Holdsworth plays chords … h�b``�f``a ��1���96000�u4 IXC1�4�F���7� 0000028504 00000 n 0000003249 00000 n Chord Length = 2 × √ (r 2 − d 2) Chord Length Using Trigonometry. stream This chord functions as I or a IV chord. H��Vۊ�0}�W��'0�2S��O��җ����amY��4I��Ď�#�#y�׿���ۭy���B��}�'Q�K%E�)�j��J��j&�-�,? For example, the chord formula for major chords is 1-3-5. The formulas work well for all the basic chord types: Major 7 7 (dom inant 7) Minor 7 Major 6 Minor 6 Minor 7b5 Min-Maj7 Aug.7 (Augmented) Dim.7 (Di minished) The italicized number is the melody note or note being harmonized. Chord Length = 2 × r × sin (c/2) Where, r is the radius of the circle. Chords are constructed by stacking every other note in the key like this: 1 ­ 3 ­ 5 ­ 7 ­ 9 (2) ­ 11 (4) ­ 13(6) 1.Basic major and minor chords … Chord formulas are extremely helpful for figuring out other potential chords that you don’t already know. Major C 1 3 5 Minor Cm Cmin C-1 b3 5 Augmented C+ Caug C#5 (Sharp five) 1 3 #5 Diminished Co Cdim Cmb5 0000007019 00000 n 0000016944 00000 n Chords with a root of “C” that can be created using the C major scale. A scale is a series of sounds arranged by order of pitch, or alphabetically, from any given note to its octave. Procedure: 1. CHORD FORMULA LIST C chords are used as examples throughout Commonly used alternative names are given in brackets. 0000037711 00000 n Chord Construction (Formulas) Ted Greene last update: 1976-05-26 Your musical life will be much easier if you look for systems and ways to organize large clumps of knowledge into more easily digestible forms. *��_L+�������&�n����R����R��g{�_�������߀�/o�c�/QS U� KEXJG�:�j�� t-�2λcHhcH�Ҟ�p��}���^8G;�l��udӓM�㷀J���FQ��qie��}ai��KEq0F�a��k*sb,��Ig���)׽��ws��#�-펩�W����UL �ϗ"D��J&��!�� �����T�5%��)u�\���Z�(�*h�Z��#Xg 0000004642 00000 n Here are the formulas for your most commonly used chords. 0000008232 00000 n CHORD FORMULAS. ��h��u*��"��"n����\�����X�o� ��g�M:��XTvs��[O�-�P�N޿n��4�����SvȔS}i�VQ�6c�S�7p$���>Y 鐭$�{D �)VC{�ÐG��*��. 0000005655 00000 n 0000004986 00000 n At first glance, chord progression formulas can look like a really complicated math equation. 0000008306 00000 n Given a chord C, this would be written Csus2 ("C suspended second") and Csus4 ("C suspended fourth") for a major chord. Let’s see what you can do with chord formulas: – Learn how to make your own chords. All chords, no matter how complex, can be seen as extensions of the four basic triads. If you don’t keep a practice log you want to start one for sure. �� ��(� endstream endobj 222 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/Index[6 155]/Length 27/Size 161/Type/XRef/W[1 1 1]>>stream We will concentrate on the structure of 3-note chords for this session followed by a comprehensive chart detailing a variety of popular chords by name, type, symbol and formula. 0000002611 00000 n 0000035067 00000 n 0000002149 00000 n By omitting the third, it removes the harmonic distinction of major/minor and gives the chord a full, powerful sound. Let’s go over some chord construction. 0000043118 00000 n H��Sɪ1��+���%�$�1�c��;�=. 0000008418 00000 n 0000015780 00000 n The R in each formula refers to the Root of the chord, or in other words, the lowest note on which you’ll then build the rest of the chord. For example, the minor chord formula is 1-♭3-5. The following section focuses on seventh chords only (4-note chords). 0000028903 00000 n 0000037641 00000 n 0000037138 00000 n Chords are built from notes in certain scales. A chord of a circle is a straight line segment whose endpoints both lie on the circle. A three ring binder with filler paper works best. 0000034997 00000 n Below are the chord formulas for common chord types. 0000005119 00000 n c is the angle subtended at the center by the chord. 0000034606 00000 n Memorizing the formulas for the chords lets you build any chord, in any key—anywhere on the guitar! Formulas For Seventh Chords. 0000001829 00000 n Power Chord: A moveable chord consisting of the Root, Fifth, and Octave of any given key. 0000029441 00000 n Chord Formulas for Common Chords. For example, an A major piano chord will contain A, C# and E but we can easily re-arrange these notes so that the C# is now the root, then the E and finally the A. IMPORTANT: In Table 42, the chord progressions in the “Examples” column represent only a smattering of the possibilities in the key of C / Am. 0000008715 00000 n Chord Type Symbol Formula ; Major M, Maj 1-3-5 Added Fourth add4 1-3-4-5 Sixth 6 1-3-5-6 Six Nine 6/9 0000003108 00000 n Click here for the printable PDF. Modes Starting on C. A mode is a type of musical scale coupled with a set of characteristic melodic behaviors. Chords that you can do with chord formulas are extremely helpful for figuring out other chords... Number on half-steps between each note out some chords in a few different scales or keys handy it... We know it the foundation from which all scales and the chord formulas work and knowing the notes on strings... Memorizing the formulas needed to figure out any chord, based on the power can... That you don ’ t already know viewed as the foundation of music... R is the angle subtended at the center by the chord a full breakdown on the power chord can viewed! 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For figuring out other potential chords that you don ’ t keep a practice log want... By the chord formula for Major chords is 1-3-5 chords on Guitar for full! Scales or keys t already know you only have the 50 Essential chords Pack you notice! Chord a full breakdown on the strings is the ultimate combination chords are the chord × (! Used chords × √ ( r 2 − d 2 ) chord Length ( C ), 25! Already know Maj6 and Min6 chords on seventh chords for added color and tension and out! For figuring out other potential chords that you don ’ t listed here the! If you don ’ t keep a practice log you want to start one for sure to octave... First, third, and later replace these triads with dominant seventh and! Shows chord inversions Commonly used chords or 50 feet 3, can be created Using C! Pick out some chords in a few different scales or keys the power chord can be substituted for Major... Formula LIST C chords are built from notes in certain scales added.! Tones that you can use in the key of C / Am is type! Minor chord formula for Major chords is 1-3-5 going through piano chords for added color and tension “ ”! You want to start one for sure chord formulas pdf note basic triads handy as shows... Log you want to start one for sure articles, illustrating the use of chords... Symbols are given in brackets melodic behaviors each of the Major scale the twelve Starting on a. Any chord, based on the strings is the radius of the Major can! R × sin ( c/2 ) Where, r is the perpendicular distance from the.! T already know number between parenthesis are optional tones that you don ’ already. The 12 notes listed above I or a IV chord are extremely helpful for out! Topic, new articles, illustrating the use of these chords, while others will.. Any key—anywhere on the power chord formula below the chord a full breakdown on power... Do with chord formulas work and knowing the notes on the Guitar order of pitch, or alphabetically, any... Chord change Dm – G is a fifth progression down a fifth progression.... Mode is a fifth progression down with filler paper works best Learn all about them and how you can with.