He compared the medical work of Greek scholars such as Hippocrates and Galen with Arab scholars (Norager, 1998). Socrates This list of a top 10 Ancient Greek Philosophers is only a product of a subjective choice by the author. Starting with the 1960’s, in the Anglo-American area it has been observed a revival of the study and application of ethics in human Topic– Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world. Earlier attempts to explain the state of existence that we all experience included magic, Greek This article is written because I am interested in psychology as well as in philosophy. Ancient Greek philosophers can be categorized into three groups: the Pre-Socratics, the Socratics, and the Post-Socratics. Muslim philosophers both profess Islam and engage in a style of philosophy situated within the structure of the Arabic language and Islam, though not necessarily concerned with religious issues. These great philosophers were indomitable to discover the truth and question irrespective of whether it paved the way for the discovery of truth or not. Muslim philosophers: Islamic psychologyrefers to the study of psychology, psychiatry and the neurosciences in the Islamic world, particularly during the Islamic Golden Age (8th–15th centuries) and to a lesser extent in modern times (20th–21st centuries). Psychology, as a discipline, was born in 1879 at the hand of Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt, in Leipzig, Germany.He was one of the most influential physiologists and philosophers. As a philosophy professor, i have also my list of my top names and here are: 1. They believed that humans originated from a single substance, which could be water, air, or an unlimited substance called “apeiron.” [1] The sayings of the companions of Muhammad contained little philosophical discussion. This great man composed unique poems and writings that became an inspiration for many other well-known Greek philosophers and authors in the ancient times. Born in 384 BC in Stagira, a small town on the northern coast of Greece, Aristotle is arguably one of the most well-known figures in the history of ancient Greece. Greek philosopher Empedocles introduces a theory. Socrates, born in Athens in 470 BC, is often credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy. Life and work of the ancient Greek philosopher Socrates and the problem of the sources about him as a historical figure and philosopher. Therefore, psychology means the study of the soul. Aristotle) by translating them and acquired the works to make great contributions in medicine Their contribution was important in preparing people to respond to such a phenomenon. Psychology in Ancient History The study of behavior has come a long way to be what it is today. Pre-Socratic philosophers mostly investigated natural phenomena . THE CONTRIBUTION OF ANCIENT GREEK PHILOSOPHERS TO PSYCHOLOGY: ARISTOTLE 384 - 322 B.C Introduction Aristotle is the most significant philosopher in modern psychology… The distinctions are of interest to people who are interested in psychology. Greek philosophers provided their different perceptions and philosophical ideas, sociologically, and psychologically. The impact of great Greek philosophers continue to impact even the present generation of psychology; these Greek philosophers comprises of thinkers such as Aristotle and Socrates.Socrates speculated that one should introspect (i.e. Because Greek philosophers studied how human personality and character were expressed as either part of rational, deductive processes or as Ancient Greek philosophy began in Miletus with the pre-Socratic philosopher Thales[1][2] and lasted through Late Antiquity. Greek Philosophers and Alchemy WORK CITED 43, No. Psychology and philosophy The word “psychology” comes from the Greek words “psyche” and “logos”. Thales of Miletus 2. Because of the long tradition of exposition which has developed around Aristotle’s De Anima , the interpretation of even its most central theses is sometimes disputed. When you think of ancient Greece, you might imagine bearded philosophers drinking wine under Acropolis, speaking wise words about politics, science and the universe. In Metaphysics , Aristotle informs us that natural philosophers were a group of innovative thinkers principally interested in explaining the constitution of all matter in terms of specific basic substances. When we look back at where psychology began at, we must first look at Greek philosophers such as Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle (470-320 B. C.). His principal work in psychology, De Anima, reflects in different ways his pervasive interest in biological taxonomy and his most sophisticated physical and metaphysical theory. Al-Razi was also known for his writings “Al-Tibb Al Mansuri” that focused on medicinal healing art, “Mujarabbat” a book on hospital experiences and he also discussed treatment of moral and psychological ills of the human spirit in his book “Al-Tibb Al-Ruhani” (Haque, 1998). Anaximander 3 Respectively, these mean “soul” and “study”. In a simple way, we could Ancient philosophers of Greek and Roman origins would have attempted to make universal knowledge claims, such as many claims made with the scientific method today. He says that all matter is made up, in differing proportions, of four elemental substances - earth, air, fire and water. Socrates: Athens’ street-corner philosopher Socrates was the big-city philosopher in ancient Athens. 4 He thought that exchanging ideas Much of Western philosophy finds its basis in the thoughts and teachings of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. In fact, just as it is said “Ancient Greece is the foundation of modern civilization” so too it must be said of learning and education. In fact, Aristotle can be given credit for formulating the foundations of psychology. In fact, he created the first experimental psychology lab.. They were the first to start questioning the mind and its processes. You can’t begin a study of world philosophy without talking about these guys: the Big Three ancient Greek philosophers. He was a popular pupil of famous ancient Greek philosopher Plato. Muslim philosophers in psychology 1. 8) Discuss the contribution of early Greek thinkers towards the moral philosophy. According to Empedocles , matter consisted of four elements namely air, water, fire and earth and this finding led to the subsequent development of the concept of particle physics. Socrates Psychology, as we know it today, had its beginning with the early Greek philosophers as an attempt to understand the nature of being. (250 words) Reference Directive word Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. Philosophers.co.uk Socrates Socrates (ca. Plato. From Socrates, the ancient Greek philosophers contributed much to education. They are not really of major concern to philosophers as such. Although there were Greek philosophers before their respective births, Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle are the only three worth focusing on during this period. specialists from many fields: psychology, philosophy, economics, education, etc. Socrates and the founders of the great “schools” of Greek philosophy were trying to determine how to live a good life, which overlaps substantially with what clinical psychology does still. His father was personal physician to the Macedonian king Amyntas II, father of Philip II and grandfather of Psychology from Islamic Perspective: Contributions of Early Muslim Scholars and Challenges to Contemporary Muslim Psychologists Author(s): Amber Haque Reviewed work(s): Source: Journal of Religion and Health, Vol. Category:Ancient Greek philosophers | Psychology Wiki | Fandom FANDOM Search Sign In Don't have an account? Accused and convicted of corrupting the youth, […] The contribution of natural philosophers to the process of theoretical clarification of the soul concept was relevant. In 450 B.C. Basic principles in mathematics , geometry , and astronomy as related to philosophy and logic … THE CONTRIBUTION OF ANCIENT GREEK PHILOSOPHERS TO PSYCHOLOGY: ARISTOTLE 384 - 322 B.C Introduction Aristotle is the most significant philosopher in modern psychology. Aristotle studied in Plato’s Academy for 20 years, from its founding (c. 347 BCE) until Plato’s death (c. 347 BCE). Biography of Greek Philosophers Plato & Aristotle, and their contribution to Psychology Name Institution Instructor Date Introduction Philosophy is a subject like any StudentShare Our website is a unique platform where students can share their papers in a matter of giving an example of the work to be done. Greek Contributions to Philosophy Beginning with the field of philosophy, Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle were the main philosophers . During the Dark Ages, scholars of different countries started to gather all the works done by the Roman and Greek philosophers (e.g. These latter questions form part of the modern science of psychology, so the earliest research in psychology was arguably performed by these Greek philosophers. Other articles where Greek philosophy is discussed: Western philosophy: Cosmology and the metaphysics of matter: Because the earliest Greek philosophers focused their attention upon the origin and nature of the physical world, they are often called cosmologists, or naturalists. This list of ancient Greek philosophers contains philosophers who studied in ancient Greece or spoke Greek. However, the responses “ psyche ” and “ study ”, and psychologically sayings of the about... 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