Spain is located in Southwest Europe on the eastern Iberian Peninsula which it shares with Portugal. Water scarcity is a significant issue in many regions throughout Spain and climate change may aggravate the problem, with longer periods of dry weather. The most famous mountain range in Spain is located in the north. The average height of the mountains are 2,000 feet. Major Landforms: Spain is part of the Iberian Peninsula. Spain is about the size of Arizona and Utah combined. The Spanish autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla are Spanish enclaves lying in mainland Africa in territory claimed by Morocco, are located on the coast of the Alboran Sea, with Ceuta at the very mouth of the Strait of Gibraltar, and Melilla closer to the border with Algeria. by Christian kingdoms in the north of the Iberian Peninsula against the Muslims who had invaded from North Africa. Last updated: May 4, 2020. The mountains that rise up above the Mediterranean Sea to form these islands are an extension of the Sistema Penibetico. To the west lie the hills of the northwest region and to the east the Basque mountains that link them to the Pyrenees. Humid continental, alpine and tundra climates in the Pyrenees and Sierra Nevada, and a typical subtropical climate in the Canary Islands, varying from humid subtropical climates to desertic climates in most of the islands, and a tropical hot semi-arid climate in coastal parts, such as Tenerife or Gran Canaria. All the resources that are needed to run the lesson are here including differentiated worksheets, the presentation and maps that can be used if you don't have access to atlases etc. Geography of Spain
2. Most of Spain's boundaries are water: the Mediterranean Sea along the east from the French border down to Gibraltar and the Strait of Gibraltar, which can be divided into the Balearic Sea along the northern stretch, and the Alboran Sea in the southern sector, and the Atlantic Ocean on the northwest and southwest (in the south as the Golfo de Cádiz or Gulf of Cádiz and in the north as the Mar Cantábrico or Bay of Biscay). Pico de Las Nieves, on Gran Canaria, rises to 1,949 meters, and the Teide, on Tenerife, to 3,718 meters. In 1953, Spain signed the Mutual Defense Assistance Agreement with the United States and joined the United Nations in 1955. GEOGRAPHY Spain occupies most of the Iberian Peninsula, stretching south from the Pyrenees Mountains to the Strait of Gibraltar, which separates Spain from Africa. Spain is a country located on the Iberian Peninsula in South Western Europe. Minor low-lying river valleys close to the Portuguese border are located on the Tagus and the Río Guadiana. Spain Geography quiz geography quiz - just click on the map to answer the questions about the autonomies in Spain Test your geography knowledge - Spain: autonomies quiz | Lizard Point Quizzes Become a supporter to remove 3rd party ads Its highest points are the Picos de Europa, surpassing 2,600 m. The Cordillera Cantábrica extends 182 km and abruptly drops 1,500 m some 30 km from the coast. The Iberian Peninsula has been occupied by many empires over the centuries. A broad central plateau slopes to the south and east, crossed by a series of mountain ranges and river valleys. This stronghold would continue for around three hundre… It also includes a small exclave inside France called Llívia, as well as the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean 108 km (67 mi) off northwest Africa, and five places of sovereignty (plazas de soberanía) on and off the coast of North Africa: Ceuta, Melilla, Islas Chafarinas, Peñón de Alhucemas, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera. This chain of lower mountain ranges is separated from the Sistema Central to the north by the longest river in the Iberian Peninsula: the Tagus River. The civil war ended in 1939 and General Francisco Franco took over Spain. Geography of Spain. THANKS to all the Spanish geograpeeps that helped with this! Spain is bordered by 5 countries: by Portugal in the west, by France and Andorra in the northeast, by Gibraltar and Morocco (the Spanish territories of Ceuta and Melilla in North Africa), in the south. Teide, a dormant volcano, is the highest peak of Spain and the third largest volcano in the world from its base. Geography of Spain. Spain is a country located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula to the south of France and Andorra and to the east of Portugal. In this free map quiz game you will learn how to identify the various autonomous communities. The massif of the Sierra Morena extends northward to the Río Guadiana, which separates it from the Sistema Central. Spain has high plateaus surrounded by low coastal plains. a high, wide plain divided by the Sistema Central. It also includes a small exclave inside France called Llívia, as well as the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean 108 km (67 mi) off northwest Africa, and five places of sovereignty (plazas de soberanía) on and off the coast of North Africa: Ceuta, Melilla, Islas Chafarinas, Peñón de Alhucemas, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera. This time ended with the establishment of the Second Republic in 1931. In the North, the Pyrenees mountain ranges are forming a natural border with the tiny country Andorra and with France. Spain is a country located in southwestern Europe occupying most (about 82 percent) of the Iberian Peninsula. The major lowland regions are the Andalusian Plain in the southwest, the Ebro Basin in the northeast, and the coastal plains. The Rio Guadalquivir is one of the most significant rivers in Spain because it irrigates a fertile valley, thus creating a rich agricultural area, and because it is navigable inland, making Seville the only inland river port for ocean-going traffic in Spain. With a land area of 504,782 square kilometres (194,897 sq mi) in the Iberian peninsula,[1] Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe (behind France), and the fourth largest country in the European continent (behind Russia, Ukraine, and France). The Catalanides have historically separated the industrial towns of the coast from the predominantly agricultural … Spain also shares land boundaries with France and Andorra along the Pyrenees in the northeast, with Portugal on the west, with the small British colonial Territory of Gibraltar near the southernmost tip, and with Morocco in its autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla, and certain other small but uninhabited enclaves, mostly capes and small isles. Apart from these main types, other sub-types can be found, like the desertic climate in parts of southeastern Spain, like in coastal Almería. Official Name: Kingdom of Spain. The Sistema Ibérico extends from the Cordillera Cantábrica southeastward and, close to the Mediterranean, spreads out from the Río Ebro to the Río Júcar. Major landforms … Interior mountain ranges. Geography of Spain The physical geography of Spain is varied. Spain also borders FRANCE and ANDORRA, and is bounded by the ATLANTIC OCEAN and by the MEDITERRANEAN SEA. coal, lignite, iron ore, uranium, mercury, pyrites, fluorspar, gypsum, zinc, lead, tungsten, copper, kaolin, potash, sepiolite, hydropower, arable land, Total renewable water resources: km. In the extreme south of Spain's mainland lie the Straits of Gibraltar, which separate the Iberian peninsula and the rest of Europe from Ceuta and Morocco in North Africa. She holds a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) from California State University. Spain is the second highest country in Europe and that means lots of mountains! Spain lies on the Iberian Peninsula. The majority of Spain's peninsular region consists of the Meseta Central, a highland plateau rimmed and dissected by mountain ranges. These shorter rivers carry small volumes of water on an irregular basis, and they have seasonally dry river beds; however, when they do flow, they often are swift and torrential. Forming the southern edge of the Meseta Central, the Sierra Morena merges in the east with the southern extension of the Sistema Iberico and reaches westward along the northern edge of the Rio Guadalquivir valley to join the mountains in southern Portugal. The climate of Spain is temperate with hot summers and cold winters inland and cloudy, cool summers and cool winters along the coast. The reason for the removal of the two climate maps used for the article Geography of Spain. Spain's judicial branch is composed of the Supreme Court, also called the Tribunal Supremo. Capital: Madrid. The major industries of Spain are textiles and apparel, food and beverages, metals and metal manufactures, chemicals, shipbuilding, automobiles, machine tools, clay and refractory products, footwear, pharmaceuticals, and medical equipment. The highest point in Spain is located in the Canary Islands on Pico de Teide at 12,198 feet (3,718 meters) above sea level. The extremely steep mountain slopes in this range are often cut by deep, narrow gorges. It is called the Pyrenees. The Coastal Plains regions are narrow strips between the coastal mountains and the seas. By the 1960s and 1970s, Spain had developed a modern economy and in the late 1970s, it began to transition to a more democratic government. The Geography of Spain. 200,000 years ago, early human ancestors called Neanderthals lived in the area that is now Spain. The largest metropolitan areas, based on 2007 population, were:[12], Natural resources: Rate: Featured Quiz . It has coastlines on the Bay of Biscay (a part of the Atlantic Ocean) and the Mediterranean Sea. Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural): Natural hazards: Spain: Autonomous Communities - Map Quiz Game: Many people do not realize that Spanish is not the native language of everyone in Spain. Today, Spain is governed as a parliamentary monarchy with an executive branch made up of a chief of state (King Juan Carlos I) and a head of government (the president). The northwestern coastline is also truncated by rias, waterbodies similar to fjords. Spain is also made of up two islands, the Balearic Islands and the Canary Islands, which feature coastal shores and beaches. Agriculture is also important in many areas of Spain and the main products produced from that industry are grain, vegetables, olives, wine grapes, sugar beets, citrus, beef, pork, poultry, dairy products, and fish. The Balearic Islands, encompassing a total area of 5,000 square kilometers, lie 80 kilometers off Spain's central eastern coast. The narrowest coastal plain runs along the Bay of Biscay, where the Cordillera Cantábrica ends close to shore. The large central islands, Tenerife and Gran Canaria, have the highest peaks. Profile Quizzes Subscribed Subscribe? Spain hangs on the south western end of Europe like an inverted flag. Spain is a constitutional monarchy located in southwestern Europe.It occupies most (about. It has an average altitude of 650 m. Its total area including Spanish island territories is 505,370 km2 (195,124 sq mi) of which 499,542 km2 (192,874 sq mi) is land and 5,240 km2 (2,023 sq mi) is water. The reason for the removal of the two climate maps used for the article Geography of Spain: Climas de España.png map is not according to the Spanish meteorogical service and Climates of Spain.png map is inaccurate, because it ignores details. include Montes de León, the Cordillera Cantábrica, the Sistema…. Furthermore, large areas of the Mediterranean are affected by saltwater intrusion. The Pyrenees mountain range extends 435 km (270 mi) from the Mediterranean to the Bay of Biscay. Roman settlement in Spain lasted until the seventh century but many of their settlements were taken over by the Visigoths, who arrived in the fifth century. Madrid, located inland in the center of Spain, has an average January low temperature of 37 degrees (3˚C) and a July average high of 88 degrees (31˚C). Geography Spain occupies 85% of the Iberian Peninsula, which it shares with Portugal, in southwest Europe. Spain lies between latitudes 27° and 44° N, and longitudes 19° W and 5° E. Its Atlantic coast is 710 km (441 mi) long. South-west of Madrid, the Sistema Central shows its highest peak, Pico Almanzor, of 2,592 m. The mountains of the Sistema Central, which continue westward into Portugal, display some glacial features; the highest of the peaks are snow-capped for most of the year. The Canary Islands, geographically and geologically part of the African continent, are washed by the Atlantic Ocean. periodic droughts, occasional flooding, Coordinates: 40°00′N 4°00′W / 40.000°N 4.000°W / 40.000; -4.000, The Inner Plateau and associated mountains, The surface of the islands will be given in hectares except for the largest islands of the, Hospitalet de Llobregat-L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, List of metropolitan areas in Spain by population, http://ec.europa.eu/maritimeaffairs/documentation/studies/documents/spain_en.pdf, "Atlas Climático Ibérico – Iberian Climate Atlas", "World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated – (see p.3)", http://www.city-data.com/forum/attachments/weather/56180d1263187925-ultimate-climate-poll-koppen-climate-classification-kottek_et_al_2006.gif, "Población de las áreas urbanas y metropolitanas", Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html, "IberiaNature: A guide to the environment, climate, wildlife, geography and nature of Spain", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_Spain&oldid=993471362, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2015, Articles lacking in-text citations from June 2012, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Library of Congress Country Studies, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the World Factbook, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 13–15 October 1957, in Valencia, torrential rain results in, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 19:59. 111.1 cubic metres (2005). The affiliation of Gibraltar has continued to be a contentious issue between Spain and Britain, whereas the sovereignty of Spain's enclaves, or plazas de soberanía, on the Mediterranean coast of Morocco is disputed by Morocco. [3], The major rivers flowing westward through the Meseta Central include the Duero, the Tagus, the Guadiana, and the Guadalquivir. These problems led to a period of dictatorial rule in the country from 1923 to 1931. It was around 40,000 years ago when modern humans appeared in the area, including the Iberians, the Celts, and the Phoenicians, the last of whom colonized the land in the year 1100 BCE. The Andalusian Plain is bounded on the north by the Sierra Morena and on the south by the Sistema Penibético; it narrows to an apex in the east where these two mountain chains meet. Where is Spain ? Today, most of Spain's area is located in southwestern Europe on the mainland of the country that is south of France and the Pyrenees Mountains and east of Portugal. Geography of Spain 1. Not many people realize it, but Spain is the most mountainous country in Europe after Switzerland and has a wide variety of climates, from the hot, dry region of Andalucía in the South, to the lush, green and humid zones of Galicia and Asturias in the North and Northwest. Fast Facts: Spain. World Facts Index > Spain > Geography Map of Spain. Spanish territory comprises nearly five-sixths of the Iberian Peninsula, which the nation shares with Portugal, the micro-state of Andorra, and the British possession of Gibraltar. Physical Geography of Spain Land forms The entire area of Spain is 504,750 sq. Spain shares the Iberian Peninsula with its smaller neighbour, Portugal, and is bordered to the northeast by the Pyrenees mountain range that cuts across France and Andorra. The Canary Islands, ninety kilometers off the west coast of Africa, are of volcanic origin. They separate the coastal strip of "Green Spain" in the north from the drier central plateau. Spain is located mostly on the Iberian Peninsula, along with neighboring Portugal. The major river in the northwest region is the Miño. include the … The Meseta Central ("Inner Plateau") is a vast plateau in the heart of peninsular Spain, which has elevations that range from 610 to 760 m. Rimmed by mountains, the Meseta Central slopes gently to the west and to the series of rivers that form some of the border with Portugal. The Pyrenees are a mountain range with peaks rising about 3,000 metres, the largest being Pico de Aneto at 3,400m. Population: 49,331,076 (2018) Official Languages: Spanish nationwide; Catalan, Galician, Basque, Aranese regionally. Quiz by Aaron197 . Certain Spanish regions can be considered vulnerable to both flooding and erosion. Rivers in the extreme northwest and in the narrow northern coastal plain drain directly into the Atlantic Ocean. Madrid Geography As the capital city of Spain, Madrid city enjoys a lot of tourist popularity with a large number of affordable and luxury hotels . Teide National Park, Tenerife. However, it also has territory in Morocco, the cities of Ceuta and Melilla, islands off the coast of Morocco, as well as the Canary Islands in the Atlantic and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. Spain is the fourth largest country in Europe after Russia, Ukraine and France. The Sistema Central rims the capital city of Madrid with peaks that rise to over 2,400 m within the Madrid region. Of the roughly 1,800 rivers and streams in Spain, only the Tagus is more than 960 kilometers long; all but 90 extend less than 96 kilometers. These international partnerships eventually allowed Spain's economy to begin growing because it had been closed off from much of Europe and the world prior to that time. They are broadest along the Golfo de Cádiz, where the coastal plain adjoins the Andalusian Plain, and along the southern and central eastern coasts. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid, and the country is known for its long history, unique culture, strong economy, and very high living standards. Spain accounts for five-sixths of the Iberian Peninsula, the roughly quadrilateral southwestern tip of Europe that separates the Mediterranean Sea from the Atlantic Ocean. SPAIN
Spain is the 2rdlargest country in Western Europe after France, is located in southwestern Europe and comprises about 85% of the Iberian Peninsula. More quiz info >> First submitted: October 31, 2019: Times taken: 9,635: Rating: 4.60: Quiz and answer stats >> Start Quiz . Surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, Spain has numerous stretches of coastline that are extremely crowded, especially in summer. It is the 3rd largest country in Europe, and shares the Iberian Peninsula with Portugal, Andorra and Gibraltar. The mountains exceed 2,000 m in their northern region and reach a maximum height of over 2,300 m east of the headwaters of the Rio Duero. Despite their height, however, the mountain system does not create a major barrier between the northern and the southern portions of the Meseta Central because several passes permit road and railroad transportation to the northwest and the northeast. Spain also has many mountain ranges. Most of the topography of Spain consists of flat plains that are surrounded by rugged, undeveloped hills. Tourism and the related service sector is also a major part of Spain's economy. These are commonly grouped into four types: the Meseta Central and associated mountains, other mountainous regions, lowland regions, and islands. Format: Online Activity. The Moors remained in the area until 1492 despite several attempts to push them out. SPAIN IS A COUNTRY located in southwestern Europe, occupying with PORTUGAL the Iberian Peninsula. Spain also has a bicameral legislative branch made up of the General Courts (made up of the Senate) and the Congress of Deputies. [5], Water stress or water lack, poses the greatest threat in Spain. Present-day Spain was then unified by 1512, according to the U.S. Department of State. Spain is a country located in southwestern Europe occupying most (about 82 percent) of the Iberian Peninsula. In 711, the North African Moors entered Spain and pushed the Visigoths to the north. Overall, the regions in the south-east of Spain are particularly vulnerable to water shortages. Africa is less than 10 mi (16 km) south at the Strait of Gibraltar. This book is the most comprehensive reference to the regional geography of Spain, considering emergent issues such as climate change and nationalism. The city is locally right at the heart of the Iberian Peninsula atop the undulation plateau at an elevation, which makes it one of the highest capitals in Europe. On the mainland, the mountains of Spain are the second highest in Europe. low areas between mountain ranges, the Ebro & Guadalquivir dep…. In the early 1800s, it was occupied by France and was involved in several wars, including the Spanish-American War (1898), throughout the 19th century. The archipelago's highest points, which reach 1,400 meters, are in northwestern Mallorca, close to the coast. 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