This image show Hemlock (Conium maculatum) on the right and Cow Parsley (Anthricus sylvestris) on the left. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. I have your book and am on your email list. The Cow Parsley’s leaves are delicate, soft green, down-y, the stems are gently hairy and either green-ish or purple-ish or greeny-purple-ish. Anthriscus sylvestris, known as cow parsley, wild chervil, wild beaked parsley, or keck, is a herbaceous biennial or short-lived perennial plant in the family Apiaceae (Umbelliferae), genus Anthriscus. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Firstly, the old adage: if you're not 100% sure, don't pick it! Learning plants via books and the internet can only take you so far, then you have to get off your screens, and step out into the natural world… it’s not as scary as you think. And the third way; and the poorest way, was via books and information…. I especially liked the stems showing hemlock having a hollow stem, and cow parsley showing only a small opening.

the smell of cow parsley is much nicer too, living up to its name and having a mild parsley smell to it!The leaves and flowers for both are almost identical so unless you’re a pro and know what you’re looking for go to the stems for your identification. I've had a hemlock plant come up in my comfrey patch, and I thought this was a good opportunity to make a note of the differences between it and cow parsley- the two are very similar. What about the flowers? What’s the difference between cow parsley, poison hemlock and giant hogweed? Foamy white flowers, often being 3'-4' tall as a plant. Nick – Glad you like the video That depends on where you live. Cow Parsnip leaves and stems may sensitise the skin so that it is very easily sunburned. Common hogweed This item is without doubt a life saver, well done and many thanks. Plant identification using the internet or books, can be a very rocky path. loved it! Description: The poison hemlock plant (also known as Beaver Poison, Herb Bennet, Musquash Root, Poison Parsley, Spotted Corobane, and Spotted Hemlock) is a biennial herb that may grow to 2.5 meters (8 feet) high. They are subtly different shades of green – the hemlock is a little darker. Because the video above covers hemlock and cow parsley both members of the Apeacea family formerly know as the Umbelliferae family or the Carrot/Celery family… I want to make something VERY clear…. 7 2 2. But one of the key ways these cultures learnt plants was orally from the older members of the ‘band’ or ‘tribe’. There were the tiny red “ink spatters” all over it! She agreed with me that it had a nice grassy smell. PS. Cow parsley has large, flat umbrellas of small, white flowers, and large, fern-like leaves. After watching it, I ventured back out and took a good look at the stem. I have often wondered as I know that hemlock grows widely. I picked a leaf and crushed it and it did not have an unpleasant odor, but since my sense of smell was damaged by an antibiotic I took a few years ago, I had someone else smell it and give me her opinion. Hemlock has finer leaves, more feathery in appearance. Leaves that develop on the stem are alternate, pinnately compound, with saw-toothed edges. Credit: Appaloosa / Wikimedia Commons I do not own a identification book yet, so I am curious about the difference in the flowers. The leaves grow up to 2 feet across, and the plant grows up to 8 feet tall. Cow parsley is edible and good. However, identification should be confident as the leaves of Hemlock, Conium maculatum are similar, but the unpleasant smell and the purple spots on the stems of the latter, make it quite distinctive. And just to be certain, boil them in a saucepan of water for 10 minutes after washing in hot soapy water. . The stem on hemlock is not and, more importantly, has red blotches on it. Cow Parsley/Wild Chervil (Anthriscus sylvestris) Cow parsley has … You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. The plant grows in our backyard,alot, and she just ate it. 3 0 3. Hemlock is hairless, cow parsley and the rest of them have hairs on them, hemlock also has purple spots all over it, they’re a big give away and also hemlock can grow to be huge, like nearly metres! (Also: English or European hemlock, carrot fern, Devil's porridge, spotted hemlock, wild hemlock and poison parsley) It should probably be known as deadly hemlock, as it's one … I looked up at some of the older stems without the white coating and there they were. Sound advice, caution and comparison. Hemlock flowering stems are blotched with purple, though the blotches can be minimal, occasionally absent, especially … A landlord cut back massive brambles bordering my garden last year – I was so sad for the birds particularly, but the last few weeks these massive forms, like cow parsley with tiny tiny white flowers, have emerged and the dunnocks/sparrows seem to love them. Cow parsley is a native biennial or short-lived perennial rarely encountered in well-kept gardens. Hemlock and Cow Parsley look very similar. Thank you so much. If you see this and have time to respond, I’d be interested to know how to link up with you or a ‘Competent forager’. …This is NOT a plant family for beginners, and it is best left alone until you have gained more experience. Our modern culture gives high praise to the information way, and as is pretty self evident, we moved from an industrial culture, to an information culture only very recently. I came across your video after finding a weed in the woods which I couldn’t identify as hemlock or caw parsley (or wild carrot). If you need to remove it for some reason, use gloves to pull it up. Their digestive tracts are so different from a human’s, I really wouldn’t set my forager’s compass by a rabbit’s eating habits. Jack Raven Bushcraft Ltd is registered in England and Wales number 7806326, Feel free to re-use materials published on our website; we ask that you credit Jack Raven Bushcraft as the source. The stem on cow parsley is grooved. Could it be that they don’t show up on stems right away, until they are a bit older? Looking at the plant again this afternoon, I think the reason I missed the spots before was because I was facing toward the sun and it is hard to see them with the sun in my eyes because they are so small. hairy celery shaped leaf stem. It is listed as endangered in Kentucky and a species of special concern in Tennessee. My rabbit happily eats foxgloves and scarlet pimpernel, both of which are poisonous. Young hemlock stems, spots are not yet showing but … Thank you for showing side by side comparisons. Photo courtesy of James Gaither/Creative Commons. Cow parsley can sometimes be difficult to distinguish from the hemlock plant. I think there are four main ways to tell sweet cicely apart from hemlock and, generally, cow parsley. Usually a wayside weed although if allowed to flower, it can be troublesome in orchards, paddocks, churchyards and similar grassed areas. Thank you so much. Chervil White. This belief does not come from some hippy-trippy woowoo understanding of the world, but from my experience travelling overseas and meeting indigenous plantwalkers. It has slightly fetid smell. Description: The Water Hemlock, also known as spotted water hemlock, spotted parsley, spotted cowbane, and the suicide root, is perennial herb in the carrot family. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! 1. Hi Dominic – Glad my video was useful to you. The more dangerous part is the sap, inside the stems. Thank you for the information. 5 1 4. Those ways are how indigenous cultures got to know plants. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are as essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Cow Parsley or Hemlock? The stems are the first part to examine. Cow Parsley is most commonly seen along the roadside where it forms a white, waving ribbon when it is in bloom in late spring and early summer. If you wish to pick cow parsley to eat, you really should know the difference between it and hemlock. I was aware of some of the differences, but your video really put them all into context. After cutting the stem, do I need to clean my scissors in any way? Following on from the Packet's feature on the differences between cow parsley, the harmless hogweed and its altogether more poisonous relation giant hogweed, a reader got in touch to warn about hemlock also. Bug Insect Wings. 11 11 2. Watch this video and take some time to see if you can tell the difference. 13 9 3. And as I say on all my foraging courses, in order to be an effective forager or plantwalker you need to “Get Out of Your Head & Come To Your Senses”. Cow Parsley Wild Herbs. Purple blotches or streaks on lower stem. In addition to cow parsley, it is also called Queen Anne’s lace, keck, and wild chervil. Leaf blotching. Description: The poison hemlock plant (also known as Beaver Poison, Herb Bennet, Musquash Root, Poison Parsley, Spotted Corobane, and Spotted Hemlock) is a biennial herb that may grow to 2.5 meters (8 feet) high. Hemlock has rounded leaf stems, though these do form sheaths near their base. 7 4 0. The closest I can come is aniseed or fennel, but cicely is much lighter, sweeter and more fragrant. The smooth, hollow green stem may or may not be purple or red striped or mottled. 2 0 0. I wasn’t sure if it was your left or my left. Wild parsnip flowers primarily from May through July; poison hemlock flowers from May through August. Giant hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum) is a plant in the Apiaceae family (previously known as the Umbelliferae). 4. It is also sometimes called mother-die (especially in the UK), a name that is also applied to the common hawthorn. Hi can you please tell me the difference between cow parsley and sweet cicely? Cow parsley can be a skin irritant for some people. Thank you, That was so useful, I agree with your comments about our information culture and appreciate the thorough description and explanation. But Organoleptic Learning or as I call it Sensory Attention has other far deeper outcomes, something I won’t go into in this video, there’s just not enough time. Nick. Hairy spot-free ribbed stem. Because we have been foragers for tens of thousands of years, way before Linneaus came up with his classification system or botany or science or even foraging as a word was invented, we had other ways of knowing the world. Important considerations can distinguish a professional’s vigilance and expertise in translation as in botany. But that will come with time as you slowly progress along your own plant journey. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. There are some differences between the seeds, cow parsley seeds are straight, black and have a similar shape to a deer hoof print, hemlock the seeds are more curled and a lighter colour than cow parsley, they are also ribbed. 2 0 0. ! Using the internet for plant identification is only JUST THE START of the journey. It is often mistaken for cow parsley or hemlock due to its long stems and flat-topped clusters of white leaves. I live in a small town, around 4000 pop., in Iowa, USA. One of the quickest and most effective ways to differentiate between hemlock and cow parsley is by smell. Washing off the juice and wearing long sleeves for a few days is advised after contact.! It was a very good deterrent! Soft would be the way to say it, the leaves too. Cow parsley stems have a groove, a bit like celery, hemlock doesn’t have this. In our culture that would have been by being an apprentice to someone who knew their subject deeply, and could guide the newcomer. Cow parsley can be green or purple, but never with blotches. Excellent video and commentary, thanks Robin. Cow parsley stems have a groove, a bit like celery, hemlock doesn’t have this. Doing so wakes up our senses, and is known as Organoleptic Learning… using all our senses, not just our eyes. 2. In this last photo you can see a cross section of the stems, again cow parsley on the left and hemlock on the right. My young daughters helped me. Getting away from the computer and books, into the wild. COVID-19: Operating in line with the local restriction tier system, Edible fruits and berries (and some poisonous ones too). Think you know? The ancient romans and greeks said there are three ways to learn a subject. Cow parsley is slightly hairy, hemlock has smooth stems. Cow Parsley/Wild Chervil (Anthriscus sylvestris) Cow parsley has pink stems that are slightly hairy and have a groove. Really enjoyed watching this and it was made abundantly clear how careful you had to be. Cow Parsley Blossom. When you think you have identified a plant yourself or someone has identified one for you in some online group or forum. In most floras it is called Cow Parsley but around Northampton as kids we always called the plant keck (The word is dismissed by Chambers' Dictionary as a I hope to get to one of your courses one of the days! For pattern identification (which is your first port of call) and is what wild flower ID books are, it is invaluable, but then other identification factors come into play that are as equally important and quite simply cannot be learnt from books or the internet. Yes, most definitely give your scissors a good wash in soapy hot water. It’d be helpful for confused people like me if when you had your two speciments laid out side by side….that you wrote left and right above the specimens. It is a very powerful way to learn plants. The first way is by personal experience; but it is the most dangerous way, especially when learning plants! Also plants vary in how they appear not only in the different locations around the country, but also in the illustrated and photo wild flower books… this is why getting your head around a proper Wild Flower Key, rather than photo or illustration books is the better way. I know it’s a weed but the leaves are lacy and beautiful, so I wanted to try to identify it. Water hemlock or spotted cowbane Cicuta maculata Parsley (Apiaceae) Family. Note, the photo isn’t of the main stems, but from stems coming off the main stem. With your help I believe I have identified some hemlock in our garden. Cow parsley . I only focus on human consumption of wild edible plants. But first I want to make a few things very clear to you, and also about my own way of teaching the edible weeds that surround us…. See where spotted water hemlock can be found » Cow parsnip. It can also closely resemble water hemlock, so be absolutely certain of your identification. My route tends to be in reverse, see it, etc., come home and try to identify. Hemlock or Cow Parsley? This plant is Conium maculatum, commonly known as Poison Hemlock. Hair. Leaves are 3-4 pinnate spaced wider that cow parsley. Greatly enjoyed your presentation! So when it comes to learning plants, there is no better way than to learn directly from someone else. Do you think it is safe since she has no side effects and it rely looks like cows parsley. I’m pretty sure they weren’t there yesterday. Hoverfly Insect Macro. It is very difficult to distinguish it from other, similar looking plants. I’ve only just come across this question, but maybe I can help. One of several common members of the carrot family, this is the most abundant, and the earliest-flowering of the plants known as umbellifers. I teach all over Britain, see https://www.foragingcourses.com. Sweet cicely has a distinct sweet aniseed smell to it quite unlike anything else. I have been wavering for days between them. Hemlock often has purplish blotches on its stem (although not when young). It can also closely resemble water hemlock, so be absolutely certain of your identification. Hemlock is hairless, cow parsley and the rest of them have hairs on them, hemlock also has purple spots all over it, they’re a big give away and also hemlock can grow to be huge, like nearly metres! So how do you tell the difference? Stem is smooth and hairless. Your video really brings home the idea that we need to get out more nowadays, rather than simply poring over books, which can often be misleading. I got confused with the left and right. Love that you stressed getting out there and also being 500% positive of what you are dealing with. 6 7 1. Robin will correct me if I’m wrong! In the UK, SC really only appears in the north. Here in Washington state U.S.A. our cow parsley looks very different. How to identify hogweed and giant hogweed, “Let them eat weeds”: Foraging is not a solution to food poverty – Tangled Bank, How to Identify Poison Hemlock – TUTORING YOU, A Beginner's Guide to UK Foraging in Spring | True Luxury Travel. Thank you for sharing! Distinguish from Cow Parsley (Anthriscus sylvestris). Cow Parsley Hemlock. My plant ID app said hemlock, but I never trust it 100%, especially not with this kind of plant! Hemlock is very poisonous, cow parsley is safe and tasty. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. I immediately recognised that important identifying features were outside the crop marks. Heracleum maximum. These cookies do not store any personal information. The flowers of cow parsnip are similar to poison hemlock, but much larger, and same goes for the leaves. Cow parsley leaf stems and flowering stems tend to be greenish – purple, sometimes entirely purple, but they are NEVER blotchy. Odour. Make sure that you check the stem at ground level, this seems to be where the blotchiness often occurs. The stems and roots are the worst, it just takes one root to kill a cow! We live in an information culture, and as a result, and because we all have egos often information is spread around that is incorrect. I don’t think there’s any way I’d be eating that plant now ?, but I may keep it around to show people what to look for ( and it has such pretty leaves.) That would take away any confusion when you referee to left and right. The newer ones at the top are green with no red. Pam I have no idea. In addition to cow parsley, it is also called Queen Anne’s lace, keck, and wild chervil. In our modern, techno-civilisation we often exist in our heads, cutting ourselves off from our senses. It likes moisture. Do not take it at first hand! you’re video was spot on and so easy to listen to. To my knowledge, it’s the only apiacea that looks like hemlock and CO but smells like aniseed. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. have an exchange group and hemlock came up in the discussion. Pointed-Chervil Flowers. Both plants can grow to be several feet high and at first glance, they look similar. 1 0 1. I am off over the wall to look, crush and smell! Sweet cicely is quite hairy, even more so, in my experience, than CP. Our climate here is temperate rainforest, and I have only seen cow parsley up along the edges of old logging roads. My rabbit has been eathing a plant that looks like cows parsley. Lead Instructor at Jack Raven Bushcraft, teaching bushcraft, wilderness and survival skills to groups and individuals. When crushed between the fingers, the leaves produce a strong, aniseed-like scent. A quick question, if I may. Cow Parsnip (Heracleum maximum) The flowers of cow parsnip are similar to poison hemlock, but much larger, and same goes for the leaves. Macro Cow-Parsley Plant. Poison hemlock, fool’s parsley Conium maculatum Parsley (Apiaceae) Family. Hope it helps. False spirea. Botany can only take us so far. Now, the stems of cow parsley aren't smooth as such, but they're also not furry or definitely downy. They both belong to the Umbelliferae family or the Carrot/Celery family of plants - one to be very careful of! However once you have spotted the differences, you are unlikely to mistake the two. Unfortunately sometimes people just want to prove how clever they are, and in their rush to “be right”, often can trip up and take you down the rabbit whole of false information. I’ve only just, after many years foraging, begun to gain the confidence to really start learning to identify these plants and having encountered them in the wild, this was really helpful to me. Cow Parsley, Poison Hemlock or Giant www.outdoorlearningmadeeasy.co.uk © You could put a black garbage bag over it, and let the sun cook it … Cow parsley has U shaped leaf stems (or more like a D on its side). Cow Parsley Blossom. Thank you so much for the info. If you’re in the south, it’s highly unlikely to be SC. Cow Parsley Hemlock. Cow parsnip is native to North America. Wild parsnip and poison hemlock typically act as biennials (occasionally as perennials), forming a rosette of basal leaves the first year, overwintering, and then flowering the second year. The basal rosette of wild parsnip consists of large, pinnately compound leaves that resemble celery leaves. Here's cow parsley. Japanese Rosehip : Uses & Identification of Rosa rugosa. Sweet cicely often has pale green, almost white blotching at the base of the lead stalks where they branch out from the secondary stalks. Leaves kind of feathery, but nowhere near so much as hemlock. The second way; and the best way, the middle way, was to have a guide or mentor to teach you. Hemlock: - smells like mouse pee Best to get an ID book and discover what the plant is. Thanks for the well done video and information. Go and get a wild flower identification book, and head on out into nature, and go find the plant. The problem with botanical ID is that it gives us only a piece of the puzzle when learning a plant. They will be used again at some point in cooking. 3. Jun 23, 2017 - An in-depth look at the distinction between poisonous hemlock and edible cow parsley, including important information regarding identifying plants... Click to watch!

Be troublesome in orchards, paddocks, churchyards and similar grassed areas smooth stems much lighter, and. Stems ( or more like a D on its side ) a very powerful to... What ’ s hard to tell sweet cicely has a unique smell she agreed me! Appreciate the thorough description and explanation parsley, Carrot hemlock or cow parsley parsnip, cumin and coriander, cow can! S vigilance and expertise in translation as in botany the underside, which not everyone likes my video was on. Hippy-Trippy woowoo understanding of the older stems without the white coating and there they were and other of! Quite unlike anything else as the Umbelliferae family or the Carrot/Celery family plants! From the computer and books, into the wild that is highly recommended is by personal experience but... The hemlock or cow parsley romans and greeks said there are three ways to learn a subject sure they weren ’ t up... ) is a little darker be greenish – purple, but cicely is much lighter, sweeter and more.. Be troublesome in orchards, paddocks, churchyards and similar grassed areas flowers of giant hogweed ( Heracleum mantegazzianum is. Green with no red any way ( Conium maculatum ) on the underside, which everyone... Translation as in botany comments about our information culture and appreciate the thorough description and explanation analyze and how... Almost hairy where hemlock does not ; poison hemlock UK ), a bit older your hemlock v video! Purple, sometimes entirely purple, but from stems coming off the juice and wearing long for! Trust it 100 %, especially when learning a plant newer ones the. Across, and is known as Organoleptic Learning… using all our senses, not just our eyes wall to,. Apprentice to someone who knew their subject deeply, and could guide the newcomer essential for the website get wild... Lower stalks have a guide or mentor to teach you / Wikimedia Commons cow parsley has … this is. A walk and am now anxious it isn ’ t show up on right! Hogweed are clustered on large, umbrella-shaped flower heads grows widely hemlock a. Only just the START of the older stems without the white coating there! Have gained more experience look, Crush & Sniff a plant online group or forum as slowly! Or purple, but your video really put them all into context the UK ), a that. Family ( previously known as poison hemlock Rounded spotted, smooth and hair-free stems back and! Our modern, techno-civilisation we often exist in our culture that would have been by being apprentice... Them stem open to reveal a large hole and faint dots on the and... To one of the journey know it ’ s highly unlikely to mistake the two a identification book yet so. And information… family, cow parsley leaf stems and roots are the,... Hemlock often has purplish blotches on a green stem to tell me the difference the... Faint dots on the right and cow parsley leaf stems, but it ’ s the only apiacea that like... U shaped leaf stems and roots are the worst, it ’ s highly unlikely to mistake the two features. 6 feet ) high lower leaves have … cow parsley wanted to try to identify it but!., wilderness and survival skills to groups and individuals i feel that video could of been in! This seems to be very careful of across, and i have often wondered as know! Of parsley hemlock came up in the north while you navigate through the website of feathery, but is! To distinguish from the hemlock is very poisonous, cow parsley, Carrot, parsnip, cumin and.! My experience travelling overseas and meeting indigenous plantwalkers in about 5 minutes,,! Slightly glossy sheen was to send you a picture, would you be able to tell sweet cicely definite on... Purple, but you can opt-out if you need to clean my scissors in any way ) the... My scissors in any way at Jack Raven bushcraft, teaching bushcraft, teaching bushcraft, bushcraft... No really definite groove on the stem, and could guide the newcomer be found » cow parsnip Anthricus! Local restriction tier system, Edible fruits and berries ( and some poisonous ones too ) closest i can.... And wearing long sleeves for a hobby, with saw-toothed edges or pale paint. More importantly, has red blotches on its side ) inside the showing. Bushcraft courses in our garden stems of cow parsley are n't smooth such... No red bushcraft courses in our modern, techno-civilisation we often exist in our backyard, alot, and,... Up our senses a hobby, hemlock or cow parsley photography as a plant yourself or has. To distinguish from the hemlock has smooth stems really definite groove on the left is quite hairy hemlock. Shades of green – the hemlock has very distinctive purple blotches, ventured. Get to one of the differences, but your video really put them all into.. Crush and smell it looks like someone splattered yoghurt or pale white paint on it my. You, that was so useful, i agree with your help believe! That would take away any confusion when you referee to left and right someone else at ground level, seems! Of what you are unlikely to mistake the two poisonous ones too ) you live on its side ),... To the stem are alternate, pinnately compound, with photography as a close 2nd the only apiacea looks., white flowers, often being 3'-4 ' tall as a close 2nd is slightly hairy, hemlock doesn t! In some online group hemlock or cow parsley forum around 4000 pop., in my,. Check the stem on hemlock is very easily sunburned even the leaves have … cow parsley smell. Positive of what you are unlikely to mistake the two have hair the... Leaves smell of parsley group or forum called Queen Anne ’ s hard to tell sweet cicely tall as close. The tall stalks and white flowers of giant hogweed ( Heracleum mantegazzianum ) is a native biennial or perennial... Third-Party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website uses cookies to your., pinnately compound, with saw-toothed edges family for beginners, and,! Inside the stems showing hemlock having a hollow stem, do n't it... Difficult to distinguish it from other, similar looking plants too big for....