They exploited the common people in various ways. the French economic crises. But they did not enjoy the same privileges as the Court nobles enjoyed. Solution: The outbreak of the French revolution took place due to culmination of social, political, intellectual and economic factors. To get rid of this condition. Of course, there are many political, economic, and social causes leading to this sudden political advancement in France. In other words we can say that following were the chief causes of the French Revolution: (a) Social Causes - On the eve of the revolution, the French society was ridden with several inequalities. A) Political causes - The political condition in France was grave due to following political aspects - 1) Despotic rule of Burbo dynasty - From 1553 there was depotic rule of Burbo dynasty in … The situation in France worsened when poor harvests caused the price of flour to increase dramatically, which in turn raised the price of bread. The French Revolution Class 9 Important Questions Short Answer Type Questions. They did not pay any heed towards the problems of the common people of their areas. CBSE class 9 Social Science Chapter 1 History-The French Revolution notes in PDF are available for free download in myCBSEguide mobile app. But he was also dismissed by the king. Thanks, Thank you very much for the article. There were various reasons for it. View Answer They aroused the common people about their rights. The three main causes of French revolution are as follows: 1. Introduction The French Revolution of 1789 had far-reaching effects on the social and political life of people. The Nobility was also sub divided into two groups-the Court nobles and the provincial nobles. Several French ministers, including Anne Robert Jacques Turgot and Jacques Necker, proposed revisions to the French tax system so as to include the nobles as taxpayers. Social Cause 3. the higher clergy and the lower clergy. By the Letter de Catchet, they arrested any person at any time and imprisoned them. These include intellectual reasons like the ideas put forward by the philosophers of the Age of Enlightenment; cultural reasons like the rise of the bourgeoisie class; political reasons like the ineffective leadership of French monarch Louis XVI; social reasons like the unjust Estates System; financial reasons like French involvement in … French Revolution Major Causes. He then drew up a plan to avenge the loss by building a larger navy and an anti-British coalition of allies. They had to call a meeting of the Estates-General, a political body to which the three estates sent their representatives, to pass proposals for new taxes. The French Revolution is one of the most influential events in world history. The poor economic condition of the nation angered the masses and they became critical of their king. WHFr/P1: French Revolution: Political Causes, Divine right theory, Louis XVI. Q1: Describe the circumstances leading to outbreak of revolutionary protest in France. Immediate Causes: On 5 may, 1789, Louis XVI called together an assembly of Estates General to pass proposals for new taxes. 1. • 5th May 1789 - Louis XVI called together an assembly of the Estates General to pass proposals for new taxes. This in turn led to national unrest and ultimately the Revolution. This revolution put forward the ideas of liberty, fraternity, and equality. I am a class 9 student and it was really helpful to me. French revolution class 9 -cbse 1. Many histories of the French Revolution, beginning with those written in the era itself, assumed, almost axiomatically, that the ideas of the philosophes had caused the “coming” of the event. NCERT Class 9 History The French Revolution. The revolution would go on to affect the history of France and the whole of Europe in an unprecedented way that no other event was ever able to. Pratik Nayak discusses Class 9 History NCERT Chapter - 1: French Revolution - Causes - Role of Philosophers. In France, the monarch didn’t have the power to impose taxes. But he was dismissed by the king. However, these notes should be used only for references and additions/modifications should be made as per the requirements. Louis XVI appointed Turgot as his Finance Minister in 1774. Class 9 - Ch1 - French Revolution - Q & A French Revolution - Q & A. Q1: Important dates related to French Revolution Answer: ... Social Disparity was one of the main causes of the French Revolution as in France one section of the society was denied rights and the other sections of the society were favoured extravagantly. • 14th July 1789 - The fortress-prison, the Bastille was demolished. In contrast, the Third Estate was forced to pay heavy taxes while the other two were exempted. Though U.S. won the war, France gained little from it. They were exempted from paying many taxes and were allowed to collect dues from peasants. However, this only resulted in a mountain of debt. Political Cause 2. The parlements were the spearheads of the nobility’s resistance to royal reforms and they prevented any reform in taxation which would include the nobility. Everyone else in France; including merchants, lawyers, laborers and peasants; belonged to the Third Estate, which comprised around 98% of the French population. Before the French Revolution started, the people of French were divided into social groups or “Estates”. How well do you remember it? 24: Question 1: Describe the circumstances leading to the outbreak of revolutionary protest in France. Features are marked by numbers in the given outline map of France. All Rights Reserved. During the eighteen the Century France was the centre of autocratic monarchy. The society was strongly divided by the status of the individuals and groups. •What were the political, economic,religious, social, and intellectual causes of the French Revolution? Throughout the 18th century, France participated in a series of expensive wars primarily against its long-term rival Great Britain. Pamphlets circulated that charged Queen Marie Antoinette with sexual impropriety. Question 1. After analysis of the previous 3 years’ examination papers, it is concluded that the following topics are the most important concepts from this chapter and should be focussed upon. You can’t imagine how much this place helped me thank you very much. He realised it later on. The economic condition of France formed another cause for the outbreak of the French Revolution. The First Estate was the Roman Catholic clergy, which numbered about 100,000. Louis XV fought the Seven Years War against England which brought nothing for France. But he was influenced by his queen Marie Antoinette who always interfered in the state affairs. The king could give to someone a title of nobility but this status was usually acquired by birth. He was an efficient, hard-working and confident ruler. He participated in many wars. It marked a turning point in the history of humankind. “Ideas of liberty and democratic rights were the most important legacy of the French Revolution”. View Answer T’was a great source. THE FRENCH REVOLUTION French revolution is considered as the most important landmark in human history. It was a revolution primarily inspired and fueled by ideas – not by class … Economic Cause. Class 9 History Map Work Chapter 1 The French Revolution. Representatives from the first and second estates were present and the third estate was represented by its prosperous and educated members. Louis XVI, grandson of Louis XV who succeeded him in 1774, then involved France in the American War of Independence against Britain. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. Solutions of CBSE (NCERT) History Textbook . . Louis XV failed to overcome the financial problems facing France. This revolution put forward the ideas of liberty, fraternity, and equality. Bread was the staple food for most French citizens and it has been estimated by historians that the working class of France was spending upwards of 90% of their daily income on just bread. It was thus angered and resented its position in French society. They managed the churches, monasteries and educational institutions of France. The bourgeoisie were the rich men and women of the Third Estate who started to become influential in the years leading to the revolution. The Revolution began in 1789 and ended in the late 1790s. PALACES 16. • After the old government was replaced, differences over the So the French Revolution is also known as the ‘Bourgeoisie Revolution’. Excellent article. Tithes was one-tenth of annual produce or earnings taken as a tax for the support of the Church. They enjoyed unlimited power. These large expenditures by the French monarchy caused dissatisfaction among the people who began to view its leaders as wasteful while they suffered due to the poor economic state of the nation. On the other hand, the lower clergy served the people in true sense of the term and they lived a very miserable life. This website helped me a lot. Then Callone proposed to impose taxes on all the classes. Of course, there are many political, economic, and social causes leading to this sudden political advancement in France. THE FRENCH REVOLUTION NAZIMA MAZHAR HUSSAIN . But due to this policy, the national debt of France increased from 300,000,000 to 600,000,000 Franks only in three years. Anirudh is a novelist, writer, seo expert and educationist. The French Revolution is one of the most significant and famous events of world history. How well do you remember it? Inspite of this, the clergies and the nobles employed them in their fields in curve. French Revolution: Spread of Great Fear in France. It was very helpful. NCERT 9th Class (CBSE) Social Science: The French Revolution: Short / Long Answers, Multiple choice questions for NCERT 9th Class (CBSE) Social Science: The French Revolution - The French Revolution was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its … The Second Estate consisted of the French nobility, which numbered about 400,000. - The cost of maintaining the lavish… We are so happy that we could be of help. France was a land with a minority ruling class of nobility that had contempt for the common people and their suffering. In June 1783, Laki volcano in Iceland erupted sending volcanic ash high into the atmosphere in Europe. Louis XVI implemented deregulation of the grain market but it resulted in further increasing the bread prices. On 5 May 1789, 300 representatives from each of the first and second estate and 600 from the third estate, a total 1200 representatives, gathered in … Causes of French Revolution: Social cause (French … - Long years of war drained the financial resources of France. - Long years of war drained the financial resources of France. The people revolted against the cruel regime of monarchy. The French Revolution - NCERT Guide History Class 9. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. This led to a severe winter in Europe in 1784 and the following summers included extreme droughts that caused poor harvests and famine. Political – The Bourbon King of […] K HOD : Dept of Social Science VELAMMAL BODHI CAMPUS POSTED – 21/5/19 2. • 5th May 1789 - Louis XVI called together an assembly of the Estates General to pass proposals for new taxes. Explain the statement in the light of French Revolution. He was thus not answerable to his subjects. Keywords and Timeline of Ch 1 French Revolution Class 9th History Time Line • 1774 - Louis XVI of the Bourbon family of kings ascended the throne of France. Thus, the autrocratic monarchy, defective administration, extravagant expenditure formed the political cause of the French Revolution. Louis XVI was an innocent and simple man. In order to pass the proposal to raise taxes Louis XVI called an assembly of the Estates General. Before his death he cried-‘After me the Deluge’. Introduction The French Revolution of 1789 had far-reaching effects on the social and political life of people. Following were the social, economic, political and intellectual causes of the French Revolution: Social - The social conditions in France in late 18th century were extremely unequal and exploitative. Rumours spread that the King would open fire upon the citizens. The common people had a strong hatred towards the higher clergy. What a burden of mine and they have taught me nothing.” Marie Antoinette was the daughter of Marie Theresa, the Austrian Empress. Thus, the common people became rebellious. - The cost of maintaining the lavish… Enlightenment philosophers like John Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Baron de Montesquieu questioned the traditional absolute authority of the monarch and divisions of society like the Estates System. French support for the war was expensive costing 1.066 million French livres, a huge sum at the time. The people revolted against the cruel regime of monarchy. The French Revolution: The Big Picture The French Revolution was both destructive and creative: • It was an unprecedented effor t to break with the past and to forge a new state and new national community based on the principles of liberty, equality, and fraternity. Social Cause 3.
The French Revolution was caused intellectually because the growing middle class was well read in the Enlightenment ideas of the philosophes and they were aware of the positive result of … Before the French Revolution started, the people of French were divided into social groups or “Estates”. In the 1780s, the population of France was around 24 million and 700 thousand and it was divided into three estates. They evolved into a new caste with its own agenda and political aspiration. The series of events started by the middle class shaken the upper classes. They did not pay any tax to the monarch. The French Revolution put an end to the age old absolute monarchy, feudal laws and social inequality. Keywords and Timeline of Ch 1 French Revolution Class 9th History Time Line • 1774 - Louis XVI of the Bourbon family of kings ascended the throne of France. They walked out of the assembly. He published a report on the income and expenditure of the State in order to arouse the people. Take this quiz and test your knowledge! The outbreak of the French Revolution; Economic Cause. •What were the political outcomes of the first phase of the French Revolution? The people revolted against the cruel regime of monarchy. are solved by group of students and teacher of Class 9, which is also the largest student community of Class 9. 10 Most Famous Paintings By Russian Artists, 10 Major Events of the French Revolution and their Dates, 10 Most Important Leaders of the French Revolution, 10 Major Effects of the French Revolution, 10 Interesting Facts About The French Revolution, Role of King Louis XVI During The French Revolution, Role of Marie Antoinette During The French Revolution, Role of Napoleon Bonaparte During The French Revolution, Role of Maximilien Robespierre During The French Revolution, 10 Major Accomplishments of George Washington, 10 Most Famous Paintings by Vincent Van Gogh, 10 Major Accomplishments of John F. Kennedy, 10 Major Achievements of the Ancient Maya Civilization, 10 Major Achievements of The Ancient Aztec Civilization, 10 Most Famous American Artists And Their Masterpieces, 10 Most Famous Paintings by Pablo Picasso, 10 Most Famous Spanish Artists And Their Masterpieces, 10 Famous Renaissance Artists And Their Masterpieces, 10 Major Accomplishments of Julius Caesar, 10 Most Famous Paintings Featuring Jesus Christ, 10 Most Famous Short Narrative Poems By Renowned Poets, 10 Most Famous Paintings By Filipino Artists, 10 Most Famous Poems By Poets From The United Kingdom, 10 Most Famous Paintings of the Baroque Period, 15 Degrees Off Your Heart | Short Stories With Twist Endings, Happiness Decoded | Crucify Negativity to stay in a Good Mood. Following were the social, economic, political and intellectual causes of the French Revolution: Social - The social conditions in France in late 18th century were extremely unequal and exploitative. These regions were the focal point of the French Revolution. class 9 NCERT solutions for History Chapter 1 The French Revolution. The extravagant expenditure on luxuries, first by Louis XV and then by Louis XVI, compounded the economic crisis facing the nation and was one of the primary reasons behind the revolution. • After the old government was replaced, differences over the The condition of the farmers was very miserable. The doctors, lawyers, teachers, businessmen, writers and philosophers belonged to this class. Here are the 10 major causes of the French Revolution. His defective foreign policy weakened the economic condition of France. The Third Estate formed a heterogenous class. There were various reasons which brought about the Revolution. Question 1. The French Revolution Class 9 Notes Social Science History Chapter 1. The clergy and the nobility formed the first two Estates and were the most privileged classes in the French society. The frustration of the peasants angered them to revolt. The revolution occurred in 1789 and swept away the existing political institutions, overthrew the French Monarchy and aimed at establishing an egalitarian society and responsible government. A decade of extreme weather conditions and poor harvests took a toll on the poor peasants of France, who were struggling to survive day to day. The Questions and Answers of What was the impact of French Revolution? The farmers, cobblers, sweepers and other lower classes belonged to this class. With Learnodo he hopes to break the barriers of the education system and reach out to a limitless audience in a simple and cost effective way. Class 9 - Ch1 - French Revolution - Q & A French Revolution - Q & A. Q1: Important dates related to French Revolution Answer: ... 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