Growth Rate: 24 to 36 Inches per Year. The Kentucky coffeetree is native to the central states of America from Pennsylvania to Nebraska and from Minnesota to Oklahoma. The only draw back for this tree are the large seed pods on the female tree. Width: 40 - 50 feet. Espresso™ Kentucky Coffee Tree is a seedless selection of this tough native, chosen by J.Frank Schmidt & Son for blue green foliage and arching habit. The tree grows at a medium rate with height increases of anywhere from 12" to 24" per year. For undergraduate student information regarding the Sustainable Agriculture program, contact Dr. Krista Jacobsen at (859) 257-3921, or krista.jacobsen@uky.edu. It offers finely divided blue-green leaves that cast light shade. This is a very desirable selection of one of our special native trees. Is one of the last trees to leaf out in the spring. It prefers rich, moist soils in floodplains, terraces, ravines, coves, and lower slopes. Kentucky Coffeetree (Gymnocladus dioicus) is a wonderful choice for a large area. Features bipinnately compound leaves that can reach up 36" in length and 24" in width. I'm finding some conflicting info on growth rate. Large commercial properties should add this tree, and many other native trees, shrubs and perennials. However, caution must be taken because the seeds and pods are poisonous. This native tree is commonly called Kentucky Coffee Tree or coffeetree.A strong grower that is often used as a shade tree and a street tree favorite.Late to leaf out in spring, the coffee tree is the first to drop leaves in fall. A 2-inch caliper tree has only 1 to 3 branches. Erect or Spreading with a High Canopy. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. Tree Characteristics. Kentucky Coffee Tree | Gymnocladus Dioica. How to Germinate a Kentucky Coffee Tree. Kentucky coffee-tree [Guilandina dioica L.] Darrin Kimbler . Growth Rate: medium (12"-24" per year) Height: 60-75' / Spread: 20-30'. Longevity 50 to 150 years. Adaptable to a variety of soils. The common name comes from the seeds being used by pioneers as a coffee substitute. Gymnos is the Greek word for "naked" and klados is Greek for "branch." For general undergraduate student information, contact Dr. Rick Durham at (859) 257-3249, or rdurham@uky.edu. There is some evidence to indicate that the Kentucky coffeetree was introduced into Kentucky by Native Americans, who used pulp from its wood to treat insanity. There are several cultivars of Kentucky coffeetree that are available in the nursery trade. Instead of cutting down a tree and counting its growth rings or using an increment borer to find out how old a tree is, you can make a fairly good estimate of the age of a tree by using a simple formula published by the International Society of Arboriculture. Woody brown seed pods remain on the bare branches of female Kentucky coffee trees (Gymnocladus dioicus) all winter. Their size isn’t their only striking feature. That aside, Kentucky coffeetree care will be easier if you plant the tree in organically rich, moist soil with good drainage. A tea made from leaves and pulp was used as a laxative. Decaf is a sport of the native Coffeetree and can be widely grown from Zones 3 - 8. Kentucky Coffeetree Care The tree’s picturesque profile stands out in all seasons and can be attributed to a unique growth habit of coarse, ascending branches that often form a narrow crown. Growing to 60-70 ft., you can plant the Kentucky Coffee anywhere you want to create visual interest. The tree’s picturesque profile stands out in all seasons and can be attributed to a unique growth habit of coarse, ascending branches that often form a narrow crown. Flowers Inconspicuous. Drought-resistant. A good landscape tree for parks and large, lawn areas. Seed pods persist throughout the winter and make an interesting silhouette against the sky. Tree size: Reaches a height of 30 to 50 feet with a spread of 40 to 55 feet. Coarse branches form a broad rounded canopy Inconspicuous yellow flowers in late spring produce dark pods. Their interesting shape and seed pods are attractive and make for winter interest in … The Kentucky coffee tree is not commonly offered in the nursery trade because the taproot makes the tree somewhat difficult to transplant and its relatively slow growth rate makes it … Kentucky Coffee Tree (sometimes spelled Kentucky Coffeetree) makes a wonderful delineation between rough woods and manicured landscape. Growth Habit: Upright vase shaped form. It occurs throughout Kentucky, but is most common in open woods in the Bluegrass. The seed pulp is reportedly toxic to cattle. Rounded Shape. Scattered throughout Illinois, Indiana, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas, Missouri and Oklahoma. Male selections include ‘Espresso.'. Tolerant of pollution. It is also widely used as an ornamental or street tree. N-318 Ag Sciences Center University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546-0091, Fax (Lexington): 859-257-2859       (Princeton): 270-365-2667, For questions about home gardening, landscaping or commercial horticulture production, please contact your county extension agent. Adapts well to a variety of climates and soils. View Map. Growth Rate. An absolutely beautiful, hardy, moderately fast growing tree which provides filtered shade.. Leaves emerge pinkish, turn dark green in summer and golden yellow in fall. The Kentucky coffeetree's tolerance to pollution and a wide range of soils makes it a suitable tree for urban environments. It has a similar leaf to a walnut tree but is without that trees problems. This site was last updated on December 10, 2020. Advertise your corporate initiatives to generate interest and new business. The Kentucky coffeetree can reach heights of up to 60-75 feet and has an upright and wide spreading canopy. Although widely distributed, this tree is a rare forest tree and occurs in scattered populations. just reading up on the Kentucky coffee tree and ordered some seeds. Growth habit: Low-branching tree with a broad, rounded crown. These are preferred as street trees because the large pods can make a mess in early spring when they are shed from the trees in large numbers. Cattle have died after drinking from pools of water containing fallen seeds and leaves from Kentucky coffeetree. Kentucky coffeetree has the largest leaves of our woodland trees. This tree is considered both a shade tree and an ornamental tree. Growth Rate The Kentucky coffee tree grows quite quickly, gaining 24 to 36 inches in height per year. Native habitat: North Carolina to Kentucky and Tennessee. They include selections that are predominantly male and do not produce fruit. It can reach a height of 90 feet. It's also a tough tree, holding up well to dry conditions, alkaline soil, and even a bit of salt. Fall Color: Yellow. Often planted in golf courses and large, open parks, this tree is known for perfectly combining form and function. Buy Kentucky Coffeetree online. It usually separates 3 to 4½ meters (10–15 feet) from the ground into three or four divisions which spread slightly and form a narrow pyramidal head; or when crowded by other trees, sending up one tall central branchle… Essentially, it’s your typical Kentucky Coffeetree, but there’s no seed pods. VERY WATER THRIFTY and relatively pest free. anything from slow to fast... hard to say there's info that agrees with eachother Some years very attractive, some years not much. Core Characteristics Wisconsin Native: No […] Height: 60 - 100 feet. An Equal Opportunity University. What it needs: Espresso Kentucky Coffee Tree should be grown in full sunlight. They can reach up to 50 feet tall and 40 feet wide. The Nursery Staff at Tagawa Gardens loves it for its beauty and resilience. Yet, you'll still get all the benefits of a shade tree. The flowers of the female trees have a rose-like fragrance. This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. Espresso™ Kentucky Coffeetree Gymnocladus dioica ‘Espresso’ Description & Overview The Espresso Kentucky Coffeetree is a grafted male selection. At one time the Kentucky coffeetree was the designated state tree. Because leaves of this tree are late to emerge and early to fall, the Kentucky coffeetree is without leaves, or naked, much of the year. Foliage Large, bi-pinnately compound. The national champion Kentucky coffeetree, 97 feet tall, is in Maryland. Great for urban spaces! Fragrant Flowers in Summer. Kentucky Coffee Tree Growing and Maintenance Tips. Kentucky Coffee Tree is a slow to moderate growing deciduous native tree in the bean family. Leaf color is pinkish to purple tinged gradually changing to dark green, almost dark bluish green in summer changing to yellow in fall. Espresso Kentucky Coffee Tree is a very large, tough shade tree that has become extremely popular in recent years. For graduate student information, contact Dr. Doug Archbold at 859-257-3352, or darchbol@uky.edu, Kentucky Coffeetree - Gymnocladus dioicusPea Family (Fabaceae). Once established, it can grow a foot or so per year in Colorado. Large compound leaves. This species can tolerate a wide range of site conditions and Is … Yields seed pods that are 5–10" long and green in color, turning brown, that persist through the winter. Medium growth rate. The tree varies from 18 to 21 meters (60–70 feet) high with a spread of 12–15 meters (40–50 feet) and a trunk up to one meter (3 feet) in diameter. Kentucky coffeetree has reasonably strong wood and will tolerate some ice without losing branches. Gymnocladus dioicus is the botanical name for the Kentucky coffeetree. Copyright 2020, University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. Seed pods, while visually attractive, can cause messy litter drop. 60-80 Ft in height and 40-55 Ft in width While it tolerates wet soil, it has extreme drought tolerance. They contain the alkaloid cystisine that can be dangerous. Kentucky coffeetree grows on a wide variety of sites and soils. The species name, dioicus, refers to the tree's dioecious nature. Kentucky Coffeetree (Gymnocladus dioicus) is a medium-sized tree that will fit into many landscapes and provide interest all year with its bark, leaves, flowers, fruit and even great fall color, if weather conditions are right. On better sites, its growth rate is moderate (1 to 2 feet per year). This tree has a slow to moderate growth rate and displays beautiful bright yellow foliage in the autumn. It is resistant to air pollution and drought and makes an excellent addition to a rain garden or in a landscape to provide shade. Hardiness Zones 3 to 8. Native to areas of North America, Kentucky coffee tree is a relatively slow grower that eventually reaches 70 feet tall or so. Another star performer in the NYC street tree evaluations, Gymnocladus has emerged as a very durable shademaker in demanding urban concrete cut-outs. Its most common associates include maples, ashes, hackberry, black walnut, butternut, honey locust, and bitternut hickory. It normally reaches about 50 to 80 feet tall. Parkways, front yards, and backyards are great locations for this unique and newly popular tree. Sources disagree on which parts of the seed pods are edible. This tree should be planted more in Colorado. The seeds of Kentucky coffeetree were used by early settlers as a substitute for coffee. Leaves Bipinnately Compound, Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous. The bark is rough and furrowed and the older branches terminate in a flower cluster, forcing new branches to form in a "zig-zag" pattern. Individual leaflets are only about 2" long. Tree expert Michael Dirr pointed out that there are “certainly no two exactly alike.”, The kentucky coffeetree can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 3–8. Click here, then click on your county either on the map or from the list of counties below it. Native habitat: Northeastern and central U.S. Growth habit - This tree has an irregular form with coarse branches. A coarse, upright branching habit in youth, this tree shines with age. With its reputation as a tough species, the Kentucky coffeetree is an excellent choice for parks, golf courses and other large areas. Medium to fast; Mature Height. This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. Kentucky Coffee Trees have a slow-to-moderate growth rate. The Kentucky coffeetree grows to a height of 60–75' and a spread of 40–50' at maturity. This tree gets its name because early Kentucky settlers noticed the resemblance of its seeds to coffee beans. Site design : Academic Web Pages. It has very strong bark which can withstand damage by animals, including deer. Espresso Kentucky Coffeetree in fall Here is how it looks in the winter with no foliage. However, the tree is adaptable to a wide range of soils, including dry, compacted or alkaline soil. With its reputation as a tough species, the Kentucky coffeetree is an excellent choice for parks, golf courses, and other large areas. It has a striking winter silhouette. The bark of Kentucky Coffeetree is dark brown, characteristically roughened with ridges. Produces pyramidal clusters of greenish-white flowers that bloom at the same time leaves are maturing (late May to early June). The fruit of Kentucky coffeetree is a typical legume pod,but the flowers are not the typical pea-like form most people associate with legumes. Native to the Midwest, this tree bears leathery, reddish-brown seed pods that add winter interest to the Midwestern landscape. It has the largest bipinnate leaves in northern Illinois, and these large leaves need large branches for support. WARNING: Some websites to which these materials provide links for the convenience of users are not managed by the University of Kentucky. Send mail to cgcass0@uky.edu with questions about this site. It is one of the largest Kentucky coffeetrees in the USA. The emerging leaflets are pink to bronze tinted and turn yellow in the fall. This tree grows quickly into a nice size for modern landscapes. A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. Kentucky Coffeetree (Gymnocladus dioicus) Zones 3-8. Kentucky coffee tree ... Growth: Medium — Between 12 and 24 inches of growth per year. Has Deciduous foliage. In earlier times, its wood was used in the construction of railway sleeper cars. The ugly duckling of trees that I grow, the Kentucky Coffee Tree turns into a beautiful swan as it matures. Cystisine is thought to be neutralized in the roasting process. Another important part of growing a Kentucky coffeetree is selecting the right soil. The Kentucky champion tree is in West Liberty in Morgan County and is 90 feet tall. Females produce 3-6 inch seed pods that stay on all winter providing great winter interest. Growth rate Slow to medium. Full sun is the ideal condition for this tree, meaning it should get at least six hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. The Kentucky coffeetree grows in in acidic, alkaline, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, well-drained, wet and clay soils. pH levels: adaptable Soil: moist to well-drained, clay, alkaline, dry sites Sun: full sun to partial shade Tolerate: occasional flooding, drough t, pollution, salt spray, soil salt Growth habit: Tree size: The coffeetree tends to reach a height of 60 to 75 feet with a 40- to 50-foot spread at maturity. The university does not review, control or take responsibility for the contents of those sites. Gardenality is a gardening-centric site made by gardeners for gardeners with tools that enhance any gardening for the expert to the weekend gardener. Growth rate is slow to moderate. You'll appreciate the easy-care and fast growth rate of Decaf® Kentucky Coffeetree (Gymnocladus dioica 'McKBranched'). Sun Preference Full sun is the ideal condition for this tree, meaning it should get at least six hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. 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