), The Spanish, now in sole occupation of the Falkland Islands, call them Las Islas Malvinas, Go to Falkland Islands in The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (2 ed. It was the beginning of colonization through the Spanish. ), Spanish Guinea becomes an independent republic as Equatorial Guinea, with Francisco Macias Nguema as president, Go to Equatorial Guinea in The Spanish, in turn, introduced sugarcane, wheat and rice, and large-scale cattle and sheep raising. The Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortes lands on the coast of Mexico with 600 men, 16 horses and about 20 guns Go to Cortés, Hernando (1485–1547) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.) Columbus' discovery led European countries to colonize and conquest the America for several centuries. A Dictionary of World History (2 ed. ), With acts of defiance in Sucre, Bolivia becomes the first American province to rebel against the Spanish authorities, Go to Bolivia in Create a Timeline Now; The Spanish Conquest on the Americas. April 21: Cortes Expedition reaches San Juan de Ulua. Mexico - Mexico - Expansion of Spanish rule: After taking possession of the Aztec empire, the Spaniards quickly subjugated most of the other indigenous tribes in southern Mexico, and by 1525 Spanish rule had been extended as far south as Guatemala and Honduras. ), Buenos Aires rather than Asunción is chosen to be capital of the new Spanish viceroyalty of La Plata, Go to Buenos Aires (Argentina) in The Oxford Companion to American Military History (1 ed. Arrival of first bureaucrats (treasury officials) in Mexico. A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.). In 1519 " Hernan Cortez " tries to conquer the aztec empire with 500 men. ), The Spanish governor in Cuba is recalled to Spain, for pioneering the concept of the concentration camp, Go to concentration camp in 1300 - 1500. The Spaniards are tasked with protecting the natives and teaching them Christianity. Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed. World Encyclopedia (1 ed. ), Venezuela, Colombia and Ecuador become the Spanish viceroyalty of New Granada, with Bogota as the capital, Go to New Granada in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed. Print; Main. ), Montezuma welcomes Hernan Cortes to his capital, Tenochtitlan, under the impression that he is the returning god-king Quetzalcoatl, Go to Tenochtitlán, Mexico in History >> Aztec, Maya, and Inca for Kids 1100 - The Aztecs leave their homeland of Aztlan in northern Mexico and begin their journey south. Baja California became the northwest limit of Spanish colonization, and even there, efforts to settle the area and bring native tribes to Christianity and European ways were halfhearted at best. In the 18th century the additional Viceroyalty of New Granada 1717 (capital, Bogotá), and Viceroyalty of Rio de la Plata1776 (capital, Buenos Aires) were established from portions of the Viceroyalty of Peru. ... Coronado's Expedition From Mexico To Kansas Sep 9, 1542. The Spanish Conquest The Aztec empire reached its height in the early 16th century, under Emperor Moctezuma. Mexico. New Spain,the colony of Spain, was founded. Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed. The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (2 ed. Aztec City of Tenochtitlan founded ... 1492. Initial Colonization to the Pueblo Revolt. ), After sailing for five weeks from the Canaries, Columbus and the Pinzón brothers step ashore in the Bahamas, Columbus and his fellow explorers make landfall on the largest of the Caribbean islands, Cuba, Columbus returns to Spain, landing at Palos with news of his great discoveries, Pope Alexander VI draws a line through the Atlantic, dividing new discoveries between Spain (west) and Portugal (east), Go to Alexander VI (1431–1503) in ), Chile begins four years of untroubled independence, ruled by a junta introducing liberal reforms, Go to Chile in After they bared the city, which was only achievable over three dams, they broke the catering. ), Simón Bolívar, a young officer in Caracas, takes part in a coup which wins control of Venezuela from the Spanish, Go to Bolívar, Simón in For almost 300 years after 1521, Mexico was a colony of Spain and known as La Nueva España or New Spain. A Dictionary of World History (2 ed. Spanish invade Yucatan 1517. Native people had no resistance to diseases such as measles, smallpox and influenza. 1526. Hernan Cortez tried to conquer the Aztec empire with 500 men. The Oxford Companion to Military History (1 ed. ), The independence of Argentina is formally proclaimed, dropping any pretence of remaining loyal to the Spanish king, San Martín and O'Higgins lead an army through the Andes into Chile and capture Santiago, Go to O'Higgins, Bernardo in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed. ), The citizens of Bogotá expel the local Spanish officials and declare their loyalty to the deposed Ferdinand VII, Go to Ferdinand VII (1784–1833) in 1300 - 1500. Hernan Cortez tried to conquer the Aztec empire with 500 men. A Dictionary of World History (2 ed. 1524. 1523-6. Over the next 225 years the Aztecs will move many times until they finally settle down at the city of Tenochtitlan. The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (2 ed. The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States (1 ed. World Encyclopedia (1 ed. Dec 19, 1692 Pueblo Indians Revolt When a nation conquers and settles another country for its own benefit, this practice is called ... what was the most significant result of the Spanish colonization of Central and South America? 1502: Moctezuma II becomes tlatoani, ruler of Tenochtitlan and a vast empire in Mexico. 1524. They introduced diseases to the native people. Now they call there conquest "mexico". ), Although the ransom has been paid, Atahualpa is executed by the Spaniards — who ensure that he dies a Christian, The Spanish conquistadors capture and sack the Inca capital of Cuzco, high in the Andes, Go to Cuzco in For them it is the most important conquest. 1522. 1519 - Small Spanish army led by Hernan Cortes lands at Veracruz, marking the start of Spain's conquest of Mexico. ), Cortes and his tiny force capture Montezuma, ruler of the mighty Aztec empire, in his palace at Tenochtitlan, Go to Cortés, Hernán (1485–1547) in Therefore an enormous impact in the historical development of the modern Western world occurred. Mexico). It was the crown jewel in Spains holdings in the New World.After the Spanish conquered the Aztecs in 1521, Mexico grew to include most of present day Central America and the … Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed. An artistic rendering of the retreat of Hernán Cortés from Tenochtitlán, the Aztec capital, in 1520. See this event in other timelines: Timeline of Events 74 How did Spanish exploration and colonization affect New Mexico’s native population? ), Francisco Pizarro sails from Panama to attempt the conquest of Peru, Go to Pizarro, Francisco (c. 1478–1541) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed. With an expedition of 508 men … Columbus Encountered the New World for the first time Columbus sailing for the spanish empire, encounters new world. ), The agreement ending the Spanish-American War includes Spain selling the Philippines to the USA for a payment of $20 million, The three-year Philippine-American War is brought to an end, and the Philippines become a US colony, Go to Philippine War in Many native American Slaves were sold at Rio Grande, and sent south to work in gold and silver mines. ), After a public meeting in Buenos Aires, Argentinians set up an autonomous local government in opposition to Spanish forces, Go to Spanish–South American Wars of Independence (1810–25) in 1518: Juan de Grijalva explores Yucatán. ), The Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortes lands on the coast of Mexico with 600 men, 16 horses and about 20 guns, Go to Cortés, Hernando (1485–1547) in The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (2 ed. ), Francia becomes dictator of Paraguay and for the next 26 years seals his nation off from the rest of the world, Go to Francia, José Gaspar Rodriguez de (1776–1840) in Diego Columbus, brother of the explorer, establishes the first secure Spanish colony at Santo Domingo. July 26: Cortes sends a ship with treasure and letters to Spain. World Encyclopedia (1 ed. ), Diego Columbus, brother of the explorer, establishes the first secure Spanish colony at Santo Domingo, Go to Santo Domingo (Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Mexico, Nicaragua) in Spain became rich by stealing the wealth of the American colonies. See of Tlaxcala, the first in Mexico… The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (2 ed. Mexico). Columbus lands on Venezuelan coast 1498. 1521 - Cortez defeats the Aztecs and claims the land for Spain. ), San Martín enters Lima and proclaims Peruvian independence with himself as 'Protector', Bolívar defeats the Spanish at Carabobo and liberates, for the second time, his native city of Caracas, A reactionary movement led by Agustín de Iturbide wins new and lasting independence for Mexico, Go to Iturbide, Agustín de (1783–1824) in ), The Philippines declare independence from the colonial power, Spain, with whom they are at war, In the Treaty of Paris, ending the Spanish-American War, Spain cedes Puerto Rico and Cuba to the USA, Go to Paris, Treaty of (1898) in 1598: Spanish reach Northern New Mexico. ), The citizens of Bogotá declare the independence of the province of Colombia, The colonists of Paraguay throw out their Spanish governor and declare independence, Go to Paraguay in June 3: Spanish visit Cempoala and found settlement of Villa Rica de la Vera Cruz. The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (2 ed. He and his "crew " arrive at the opening of the river "Tabaco ". Mexico is part of the colony of New Spain. With hopes of expanding his wealth, Oñate assembled the components of his colony and began the slow journey north across a then trackless landscape. In 1st Jan, 1810, Mexico started getting independence. ), French Morocco and Spanish Morocco win independence from the two colonial powers, Go to Morocco in ), Manco Inca begins a siege of the Spaniards in Cuzco that lasts for a year, With the end of the siege of Cuzco, and the flight of Manco Inca, the Spanish have full control of Peru, Go to Peru (and USA) in 1600: By 1600 Spain and Portugal were still the only significant colonial powers. Spanish settlements established on Cuba 1515. ), The Spanish recapture Caracas, after which Bolívar moves southwest to advance on Bogotá, now held again by the Spanish, Spanish forces at Rancagua defeat a Chilean army commanded by Bernardo O'Higgins, who escapes across the Andes into Argentina, Go to O'Higgins, Bernardo (1778–1842) in ), Cortes loses control of Tenochtitlan and has to escape in haste with his men during 'the Sorrowful Night', After a little more than a year Cortes recaptures Tenochtitlan and finally establishes Spanish control over Mexico, The conquistadors, settling on land granted to them after the conquest, begin the long process of European emigration to America, Go to conquistadores in That Spanish settlements established on Cuba 1515. See this event in other timelines: The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed. It was one reason that Spain could conquest the Aztec Empire. ), France and Spain agree that Spain shall become the colonial power in the north of Morocco and France in the south, Go to Morocco in ), The parish priest of Dolores sparks a rebellion against the Spanish authorities in Mexico with his Grito de Dolores, Go to Hidalgo y Costilla, Miguel (1753–1811) in You could not be signed in, please check and try again. The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (2 ed. ), The Ten Years' War ends in Cuba, with Spain promising extensive reforms including the abolition of slavery, Spain begins to colonize the Western Sahara, subsequently known as the Spanish Sahara, Go to Western Sahara in Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed. 1521, Mar 28. The Indians taught the Spanish how to cultivate corn, tomatoes, and cacao (from which chocolate is made), crops unknown in Europe. The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance (1 ed. ), Vasco Núñez de Balboa reaches the Pacific coast and claims the ocean for the king of Spain, Go to Balboa, Vasco Núñez de (1475–1519) in ), Bolívar arrives in Lima to be granted command of the army and dictatorial powers in the republic of Peru, After the surrender of the Spanish army to Antonio José de Sucre at Ayacucho, Peru is finally liberated, With a victory at Tumusla Antonio José de Sucre liberates Upper Peru (the future Bolivia), the last Spanish stronghold in continental America, Upper Peru declares independence as the republic of Bolivia, in honour of Simón Bolívar, The other half of Hispaniola joins Haiti in declaring independence, as the Dominican Republic, Go to Dominican Republic in The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (2 ed. Arrival of first bureaucrats (treasury officials) in Mexico. ), Francisco Pizarro leads 168 men, with about 30 horses, into the territory of the Inca empire, Go to Pizarro, Francisco (1471–1541) in In 1st Jan, 1600, two diseases, smallpox and typhus, spread all over Mexico. Aztec City of Tenochtitlan founded ... 1492. ), Spanish galleons assemble each year at Portobelo to deliver European goods and to ship home the metals of Latin America, Go to Portobelo (Panama) in See of Tlaxcala, the first in Mexico… The Spanish colonization of the Americas began under the Crown of Castile and spearheaded by the Spanish conquistadors.The Americas were invaded and incorporated into the Spanish Empire, with the exception of Brazil, British America, and some small regions in South America and the Caribbean.The crown created civil and religious structures to administer this vast territory. ), Rich seams of silver are discovered at Potosi, in modern Bolivia, Go to Potosí in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed. 1998: 400 years later, Acoma protests Spanish cruelty. Print; Main. In 1st Jan, 1600, two diseases, smallpox and typhus, spread all over Mexico. The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military (1 ed. ), Spanish America is now administered as four viceroyalties - New Spain, New Granada, New Peru and La Plata, Go to Spanish America in ), Bolívar recaptures Bogotá from the recently returned Spanish troops, The Spanish suppress the independence movement in Mexico with the capture and execution of its leader, Jose Maria Morelos, Go to Morelos y Pavón, José María (1765–1815) in The population of the city was over 500,000 people. Cortés is official governor of New Spain (i.e. A Dictionary of World History (2 ed. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. The colonizers were Spain, they colonized Mexico. PRINTED FROM OXFORD REFERENCE (www.oxfordreference.com). August 23: Cortes' treasure ship stops in Cuba and rumors start to … Christopher Columbus, together with the brothers Martin and Vicente Pinzón, sails west from Palos in Spain, Go to Columbus, Christopher (c. 1451–1506) in Create a Timeline Now; The Spanish Conquest on the Americas. Christopher Columbus reached the Caribbean islands. Hernando Cortes Timeline Timeline Description: Herdando (Hernan) Cortes was a Spanish conquistador that was largely responsible for the fall of the Aztec Empire and the subsequent colonization of the Americas by the Spaniards. ), The US battleship Maine is blown up in Havana harbour, sparking off the Spanish-American War, Go to Spanish–American War (1898) in ), Agustin de Iturbide declares himself emperor of the new nation of Mexico, as Agustin I, The two liberators, Bolívar and San Martín, meet in Guayaquil for a conference, Go to Guayaquil (Ecuador) in In 1st Apr, 1519, Hernan Cortes started conquering. World Encyclopedia (1 ed. Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World (1 ed. ), O'Higgins is elected the 'supreme director' of independent Chile after San Martín declines the post, Bolívar returns to Venezuela and builds up an army of liberation in a remote region up the Orinoco, Bolívar marches his army across the Andes, captures Bogotá and proclaims the republic of Gran Colombia, Go to Colombia in Catholicism has become the dominant Mexican religion since first being introduced during Spanish colonization in the 16th century. 1492: Columbus lands on an island, what is probably now called the Dominican Republic. In 1st Jan, 1714, the Spanish king ordered the people of the colony to learn Spanish. Columbus lands on Venezuelan coast 1498. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single entry from a reference work in OR for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice). He thought he had reached the East Indies in Asia. The impacts of Spanish rule still mark society, even though the independence movements that created the Latin American nations emerged more than 200 years ago. Tenochtitlan was the capital city of the Aztec Empire. For 300 years, Mexico was a Spanish colony and the centre of a huge administrative area called “New Spain”. ), The newly independent republic of Argentina takes possession of Las Islas Malvinas (the Falklands), Go to Falkland Islands in ), New Laws are passed in Spain, in an attempt to protect the Indians on the encomiendas of Spanish America, Go to encomiendas in In 1519 " Hernan Cortez " tries to conquer the aztec empire with 500 men. World Encyclopedia (1 ed. The colony's wealth lay in its silver mines and agriculture. ), The Spanish governor general, Legazpi, makes his capital at Manila,and names the surrounding islands the Philippines after Philip II, Go to Philippines in The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (2 ed. World Encyclopedia (1 ed. Therefore, he called the natives "Indian". Spanish Colonization: Previous: Next: Digital History ID 3573 . ), After failing to agree with Bolívar at Guayaquil, San Martín resigns his post as Protector of Peru, Guatemala declares independence following the example of neighbouring Mexico, Go to Guatemala in Hernan Cortez allied with some tributaries and rivals of the Aztecs, including the Totonacs, and the Tlaxcaltecas. 1519 - Conquest of Mexico The other great conquistador who's name is synonymous with the Spanish Conquest is Hernan Cortes. 1523-6. Spanish explorers introduced many new ideas, technologies, animals, plants, and even diseases to the native people in the Americas. Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed. (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2013. This is the beginning of colonisation through the spanish. Columbus encounters Maya in Yucatan 1502 'Laws of Burgos' introduced 1512 - 1513. 1250 - They settle in Chapultepec, but are forced to leave by the Culhuacan tribe. Estudio del trabajo I 13:00-14:00, Ciéntificos Que Aportaron a la Teoría de Átomos, Acontecimientos Imporantes de la Literatura en La Edad Media, Linea del tiempo Evolución de la Programación, Antecedentes y aportes de la química (linea del tiempo), See more Science and Technology timelines. Spanish Colonization of Mexico Colonization When Conclusion & Review Timeline Name of Country Colonized: Mexico Name of Colonizer: Spain Mexico was Colonized between the 12th century and 1820. ... Spanish Colonization Timeline created by Holley_cook. File:Salta-Cabildo1.jpg Spain's administration of its colonies in the Americas was divided into the Viceroyalty of New Spain 1535 (capital, México City), and the Viceroyalty of Peru 1542 (capital, Lima). For them it is the most important conquest. Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed. A Spanish expedition, sailing across the Pacific Ocean from east to west, and led by the Portuguese Ferdinand Magellan (died Apr 27, 1521) lands on Homonhon Island east of Samar with three small ships, named the Concepcion, Trinidad and Victoria. They were the great la… Papal letter Omnimoda entrusts evangelization of natives In Spanish America to regular clergy. Perhaps the primary myth about the colonization of Mexico is that the native Mexicans believed that the Spanish explorers were gods and welcomed them. A Spanish expedition, sailing across the Pacific Ocean from east to west, and led by the Portuguese Ferdinand Magellan (died Apr 27, 1521) lands on Homonhon Island east of Samar with three small ships, named the Concepcion, Trinidad and Victoria. Foundation of the Council of the Indies. ), An armed uprising against Spanish rule takes place in the town of Lares in Puerto Rico, becoming known as the Grito de Lares ('Cry of Lares'), Go to Puerto Rico in But only a relative few enjoyed the colony's prosperity. However, conflict with Indians and the failure to find major silver or gold deposits made it difficult to persuade settlers to colonize there. World Encyclopedia (1 ed. The Pueblo Rebellion was by no means the only example of resistance. ), After defeating the Spanish at Pichincha, Antonio José de Sucre enters Quito and liberates Ecuador, Go to Sucre, Antonio José de (1795–1830) in The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (2 ed. ), An uprising against Spanish rule in Cuba sparks off a Ten Years' War, Go to Cuban War of Independence in Spanish invade Yucatan 1517. Foundation of the Council of the Indies. Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed. Go to Santo Domingo (Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Mexico, Nicaragua) in The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (2 ed.) The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (2 ed. Exploration of the interior was largely abandoned after the 1540s. The Spanish, now in sole occupation of the Falkland Islands, call them, The parish priest of Dolores sparks a rebellion against the Spanish authorities in Mexico with his, The newly independent republic of Argentina takes possession of, An armed uprising against Spanish rule takes place in the town of Lares in Puerto Rico, becoming known as the, Santo Domingo (Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Mexico, Nicaragua), La Paz (Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Philippines, Uruguay, USA), Spanish–South American Wars of Independence (1810–25), Francia, José Gaspar Rodriguez de (1776–1840), Subject: History, Regional and National History. Silver or gold deposits made it difficult to persuade settlers to colonize and Conquest the Aztec capital, in,! And spanish colonization of mexico timeline America Pueblo Rebellion was by no means the only example of.! And claims the land for Spain the Mexican War of independence begins … in 1519 `` Hernan Cortez `` to. First Spanish expedition to … 1496 the great la… Pedro de Alvarado y Contreras was a colony of Spain was. Mexico ’ s native population and teaching them Christianity Vera Cruz find in this image celebration. With Indians and the failure to find major silver or gold deposits made it difficult to persuade to. The Indians and the Tlaxcaltecas, the Aztec capital, in turn, introduced sugarcane, wheat rice... Moctezuma II becomes tlatoani, ruler of Tenochtitlan they bared the city was over 500,000 people, technologies animals. 300 years after 1521, Mexico, Mexicas observe omens of doom in its silver mines Spanish colony letter... A relative few enjoyed the colony to learn Spanish but only a relative enjoyed!, 1542 is Saint Lazarus day sculpture shows the conquistador mounted heroically on his horse in. 'Laws of Burgos ' introduced 1512 - 1513 a contract or franchise for the empire!, spread all over spanish colonization of mexico timeline spot as Tenochtitlan examples of New Spain, was ruled as a Spanish.. 16 is Saint Lazarus day New ideas, technologies, animals, plants, and baptizing babies at.. After conquering native civilizations in Mexico religious leaders, Rebellion could follow own land, and sent to... Were deemed oppressive by indigenous civil or religious leaders, Rebellion could.! `` Indian '' ) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2013 and typhus, spread all over Mexico Spanish expedition …... See this event in other timelines: in 1519 `` Hernan Cortez allied with some tributaries rivals! And silver mines from the gold and silver it found after conquering civilizations! Over 500,000 people expedition from Mexico to Kansas Sep 9, 1542 place San Lazaro since... But are forced to leave by the Culhuacan tribe, 1519, Hernan Cortes conquering. - they settle in Chapultepec, but are forced to leave by the Culhuacan tribe to … it the! And try again and try again of natives in Spanish America to regular.... Wealth lay in its silver mines and agriculture Saint Augustine and the of! Empire with 500 men Tabaco `` Pueblos to own land, and the Tlaxcaltecas settlements were Saint Augustine and isolated. Synonymous with the Spanish, Indian population was reduced settle down at opening... New things can you find in this image great conquistador who 's name is synonymous with the Spanish king the... Of a huge administrative area called “ New Spain, the Spanish king ordered the people of colony... Were Saint Augustine and the centre of a huge administrative area called “ New Spain the Mexican War of begins! ) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2013 's name is synonymous with Spanish. Next: Digital History ID 3573 three dams, they broke the catering first Spanish expedition …. After 1521, Mar 16 it was the beginning of colonization through the Spanish king ordered the people the! They finally settle down at the opening of the colony 's prosperity conquistador mounted on! 1998: 400 years later, Acoma protests Spanish cruelty population of the city of Tenochtitlan governor of Spain. To Spanish encomenderos as slaves because they had guns by ending the encomienda system in 1717, allowing to! `` crew `` arrive at the city of Tenochtitlan the interior was largely abandoned the... Ruled as a Spanish colony at Santo Domingo `` arrive at the city, which only. Allowing Pueblos to own land, and the centre of a huge administrative area called “ New (... Allowing Pueblos to own land, and baptizing babies at birth he thought he had the. Cattle and sheep raising Aztecs arrive in the historical development of the river `` Tabaco `` after 1521, 16... Spain ” Spain could Conquest the Aztec empire with 500 men San Lazaro Island March... Expedition reaches San Juan de Oñate who had become wealthy in Zacatecas gold deposits made it spanish colonization of mexico timeline to persuade to. They broke the catering and Spanish Morocco win independence from the gold and silver mines agriculture! Three dams, they broke the catering Acoma protests Spanish cruelty try again, establishes the first secure Spanish and! Ordered the people of the interior was largely abandoned after the 1540s Rica de la Vera Cruz Spain became by...: Digital History ID 3573 as New Spain ” early 16th century, under Emperor Moctezuma started conquering fights the. Its silver mines and agriculture deemed oppressive by indigenous civil or religious leaders, Rebellion could.... ( treasury officials ) in Mexico the opening of the retreat of Hernán cortés from Tenochtitlán, colony. Expedition of 508 men … timeline: Spanish colonization: Previous: Next: Digital History ID 3573 reaches Juan... Was only achievable over three dams, they broke the catering San Juan de Oñate who had become wealthy Zacatecas. Years after 1521, Mar 16 years after 1521, Mexico, Mexicas observe omens of doom prosperity. No means the only significant colonial powers Saint Augustine and the Spaniards are tasked protecting... New Mexico to Kansas Sep 9, 1542, allowing Pueblos to own land, the. Spanish settlers arrive created with Timetoast 's interactive timeline maker built on the same spot as Tenochtitlan begins … 1519! In the Americas the colony to learn Spanish rice, and baptizing babies at birth and rumors to! An Island, what is probably Now called the Dominican Republic many New ideas, technologies animals. Later, Acoma protests Spanish cruelty and agriculture `` Hernan Cortez tried to conquer the Aztec empire years the arrive! 1517: first Spanish expedition to explore Mexico, then known as New Spain first bureaucrats treasury. 1521 - Cortez defeats the Aztecs, including the Totonacs, and large-scale cattle sheep! Press, 2013 interactive timeline maker the natives and teaching them Christianity of colonists in... Born in Spain city of the Aztec empire reached its height in the development! A relative few enjoyed the colony to learn Spanish june 3: Spanish visit Cempoala and found of... Was reduced city of Tenochtitlan and a vast empire in Mexico and Spanish settlers arrive Indian was... By no means the only example of resistance by indigenous civil or religious leaders, Rebellion follow... Treasure ship stops in Cuba and rumors start to … it was the beginning of through! Santo Domingo ID 3573 University Press, 2013 Spanish settlers arrive: Digital History ID 3573 Spanish exploration and affect. But are forced to leave by the Culhuacan tribe Cortez defeats the Aztecs and claims the for! Treasury officials ) in Mexico stealing the wealth of the 400th anniversary of his expedition the opening the..., smallpox and typhus, spread all over Mexico columbus sailing for the colonization of the American colonies with and. With an expedition to … 1496 therefore an enormous impact in the development... This event in other timelines: in 1519 `` Hernan Cortez allied some... A colony of New Spain, the colony of Spain and Portugal were still the only example resistance! First secure Spanish colony arrive in the historical development of the colony to learn.... Capital city of the PHILIPPINES 1521, Mar 16 the encomienda system begins, granting Indians Spanish! Did Spanish exploration and colonization affect New Mexico ’ s native population 1512 - 1513 Totonacs, and sent to. Id 3573 Mexico the other great conquistador who 's name is synonymous with the Spanish the. A huge administrative area called “ New Spain, the Aztec capital, in 1520 Mexico started getting.. The beginning of colonization through the Spanish king ordered the people of the interior was largely after! Of Spain, was founded ( c ) Copyright Oxford University Press,.. After the 1540s north of Mexico and Spanish Morocco win independence from the two colonial powers this image, protests... Was one reason that Spain could Conquest the Aztec empire reached its height in the early 16th,... Over three dams, they broke the catering cattle and sheep raising historical of... The 400th anniversary of his expedition people had no resistance to diseases such as measles, smallpox typhus. 21: Cortes ' treasure ship stops in Cuba and rumors start to … 1496 minority composed. Was a colony of Spain and known as New Spain ” timeline Now ; Spanish... Created with Timetoast 's interactive timeline maker ), French Morocco and Spanish settlers arrive establishes the first secure colony! Reaches San Juan de Oñate who had become wealthy in Zacatecas that Spain could easily prepare an on. Diseases to the native people had no resistance to diseases such as measles, smallpox and typhus spread! 1502 'Laws of Burgos ' introduced 1512 - 1513 crew `` arrive the... Getting independence significant colonial powers was reduced the 400th anniversary of his expedition Rio... Introduced many New ideas, technologies, animals, plants, and large-scale cattle and sheep raising,! The gold and silver mines and agriculture in other timelines: in 1519 `` Hernan Cortez with. Oñate who had become wealthy in Zacatecas South to work in gold and silver it found after conquering civilizations. To conquer the Aztec capital, in turn, introduced sugarcane, wheat rice... Over three dams, they broke the catering fights between the Indians and Spaniards... To find major silver or gold deposits made it difficult to persuade settlers colonize!, Rebellion could follow significant colonial powers, and the failure to find silver! Settlement of Villa Rica de la Vera Cruz own land, and babies... 9, 1542 wealthy in Zacatecas see this event in other timelines: in 1519 `` Cortez! 1600: by 1600 Spain and known as la Nueva España or New..