“I can’t say that I like her or not,” Victor Pusari, the son of an apartment building porter, who was guarding the entrance of his central La Paz building, said on Wednesday. Some Bolivians said they were prepared to back the interim government. As the protests went on, some police units defected and joined the protests, and military officials called on Mr. Morales to resign. Mr. Morales also offered a defense of his record, citing the rise from poverty made by many members of Bolivia’s long-repressed Indigenous communities. Less than an hour later, as tear gas wafted outside the government palace, the armed forces announced a shake-up of the high command. LA PAZ, Bolivia — The lawmaker who has assumed Bolivia’s interim presidency addressed her violence-torn nation on Wednesday and pledged to “reconstruct democracy,” even as the ousted Bolivian president called her government unconstitutional and his backers vowed to disrupt it. RELATED: … "Honor and glory to the people's heroes who recovered democracy," said Bolivian President Luis Arce at the beginning of his inaugural speech. But outside, in the streets of La Paz, a scene of chaos was playing out, and it was clear that Bolivia remained deeply polarized and volatile four days after Mr. Morales, the nation’s first Indigenous leader, resigned amid claims of election fraud. The Organization of American States, which monitored the elections, said that the Oct. 20 vote was marred by irregularities and that it could not validate Mr. Morales’s claim of victory. Later that morning on October 9, Bolivian President René Barrientos ordered that Guevara be killed. A member of the Aymara indigenous group, Morales was Bolivia’s first Indian president. “When they come, we’re here to defend,” said Jarameel Armas, a university student who joined the police at a barricade of corrugated metal and heavy chains, referring to Morales supporters. Orlando will not be forgotten. A group of MEPs acting as election observers oversaw a constitutional referendum in Bolivia that gave more power to indigenous peoples 25 January 2009. Ms. Añez’s assumption of the interim presidency has won the backing of the country’s Constitutional Court. Morales was an outspoken critic of the government in Bolivia’s subsequently turbulent politics, and was expelled from the congress in 2002 on charges relating to violence involving anti-eradication supporters. The Latest: Warp Speed leader decries pressure put on FDA ... As a measure to reactivate the economy, the Bolivian government lifted restrictions to … Morales also became Bolivia’s first left-wing leader since the end of Jaime Paz Zamora’s presidency in 1993. “At this moment, it is not clear who is in charge of whom,” he said. RELATED: “But it doesn’t depend just on Evo.”. “We want Morales to return,” said one protester, Graciela Argollo, a radio station worker from Cochabamba, Mr. Morales’s stronghold. He gave his life to the struggle for democracy, workers’ rights, and socialism. Orlando Gutiérrez, the Bolivian militant trade union leader, has been murdered by a fascist gang in Bolivia. Former longtime Bolivian leader Evo Morales crossed the border back into Bolivia on Monday, ending a year in exile, after a close ally and member of … The Bolivian Falange came into power in 1971 when its leader, Gen. Hugo Banzer Suarez, ousted the leftist government of Gen. Juan Jose Torres Gonzales. Morales, Evo (Juan Evo Morales Ayma) (ā’vō mōrä’lās) [key], 1959–, Bolivian political leader, president of Bolivia (2006–). “Continuity is important for the economic development of the country,” he said. And Wednesday night, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said in a statement that the United States “applauds” Ms. Anez for “stepping up” as Bolivia’s interim leader. Morales, Evo (Juan Evo Morales Ayma) (ā’vō mōrä’lās) [key], 1959–, Bolivian political leader, president of Bolivia (2006–). 10 November 2019. And fascism will not win. Bolivia remained relatively politically stable until 1971, when Hugo Banzer led a CIA -supported coup d'état which replaced the socialist government of Juan José Torres with a military dictatorship headed by Banzer; Torres was murdered in Buenos Aires, Argentina by a right-wing death squad in 1976. Supporters of Mr. Morales remained skeptical of Ms. Añez, accusing her and the opposition of having staged a coup. She promised to seek “a national consensus.”. The government refused to increase the … Related Topics. military officials called on Mr. Morales to resign. The government has nationalized numerous companies previously privatized in the 1990s. “We will guarantee the security of the constitutional government,” General Orellana Centellas said. Since its independence in 1825, Bolivia has been ruled by key figures in the fight for independence, leaders of the War of the Pacific, representatives of the aristocracy, military dictators and democratically elected leaders. In Mexico City, Mr. Morales told reporters that Ms. Añez’s government was unconstitutional because the legislature had not approved his resignation. He formed a political party, the Movement toward Socialism, in 1995 and won a seat in the Bolivian congress in 1997. The country had been without a leader since the resignation on Sunday of Mr. Morales, Bolivia’s first Indigenous president, who came to power more than … Zabala Saldía will occupy the position held until now by Carlos Orellana, imposed by the de facto government of Jeanine Áñez in November 2019, after the coup d'état against Evo Morales. A populist and socialist who advocates ending the coca-eradication program and establishing national control over Bolivia’s energy resources, Morales finished second in the 2002 presidential elections. The new government was welcomed enthusiastically by crowds in Santa Cruz, a longtime center of dissent against Mr. Morales, and other localities, though it appeared that few people know much about Ms. Añez, who had served in an obscure legislative post. In the 2005 presidential race, however, he received more than 50% of the vote, becoming the first person of indigenous descent to be elected president of Bolivia. “We will defend the new government and the democracy we have won.”. Tear gas and smoke filled the air in La Paz as demonstrators clashed with the police. Members of the military guarding the presidential palace in La Paz on Wednesday. Under Bolivian law, he said, the senators who were barred from entering the legislature “had all the right to enter the senate and meet with whomever they wanted.”. The cabinet included three women but no Indigenous people. Ms. Añez has said she intends to stay in power only until new elections can be held, in 90 days. She had been next in line of succession after the resignation of Mr. Morales and a series of high-ranking officials on Sunday. She’s not with the farmers and poor people.”. Mr. Morales has taken refuge in Mexico. The first are what are classified as "Constitucionales" having come to power legally or through quasi-legal means (achieving power through a revolution or coup d'étatbut later consti… Jeanine Añez Chavez, Bolivia’s interim leader, appointed members of her cabinet on Wednesday evening in La Paz. Morales led Bolivia from 2006 until 2019 and was the last survivor of the so-called "pink wave" of left-wing leaders that swept into power across South America, including Brazil's Luiz … Bolivia crisis; image copyright EPA. On the Bolivian side of the border, in Villazón, a far larger crowd was gathering to welcome their exiled leader home. Ms. Añez declared herself interim leader of Bolivia’s government before a special session of the legislature on Tuesday night. An Aymara, he became a coca farmer when his family moved to Boliva’s lowlands. Mr. Morales said he would return to Bolivia “if the people ask me to return to pacify” it, but he also said he was willing to bow out if it would unite the country and end the violence. Share page. Evo Morales, in full Juan Evo Morales Ayma, (born October 26, 1959, Isallavi, Bolivia), Bolivian labour leader who served as president of Bolivia (2006–19). Bolivia’s Interim Leader Pledges to ‘Reconstruct Democracy’. The leader, Jeanine Añez Chavez, appointed a new cabinet, but backers of the ousted Evo Morales have promised to disrupt the new government. Published. PlanetRulers - Current Heads of State & Dictators. close. Supporters of Mr. Morales at a march from El Alto to La Paz on Wednesday. A new constitution was promulgated in … From any vantage point in Bolivia’s largest city, Evo Morales’ new presidential residence is hard to miss. Dictatorship!” chanted the crowd accompanying the lawmakers. Bolivia’s political crisis and widespread protests were set off by the recent election in which Mr. Morales, 60, declared victory in his quest for a fourth term. Copy link . In the 1980s Morales became a leader of the coca growers and gained prominence in the 1990s when the growers struggled against the U.S.-supported coca-eradication program. Bolivian president’s intimate video first appeared on Twitter which was covered by a sticker in order to hide the sensitive content of the video. etymology: the country is named after Simon BOLIVAR, a 19th-century leader in the South American wars for independence Government type: presidential republic Capital: name: La Paz (administrative capital); Sucre (constitutional [legislative and judicial] capital) geographic coordinates: 16 30 S, 68 09 W time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) … He was replaced by chief justice of the Supreme Court Eduardo Rodríguez, acting as caretaker president. A mix of tear gas and smoke made the air difficult to breath. Morales, a controversial leftist leader and Bolivia’s first Indigenous president, fled the country, and an interim government has led La Paz ever since. The Bolivian Falange came into power in 1971 when its leader, Gen. Hugo Banzer Suarez, ousted the leftist government of Gen. Juan Jose Torres Gonzales. In his first speech as president, Arce criticized the management of the de facto government, which destroyed Bolivia's economy. The order was relayed by Félix Rodríguez to the Bolivian army unit holding Guevara, reportedly despite the US government's desire that Guevara be taken to Panama for further interrogation. We used the best we had to work for the country," said the Bolivian leader during the ceremony held at the Casa Grande del Pueblo, in the capital of La Paz. Born in a mining village in Bolivia’s western Oruro department, Morales herded llamas when he was a boy. His grip on power swiftly eroded amid accusations that the vote had been rigged. General Tomás Peña y Lillo, who was chief of the Bolivian armed forces until 2010, stated that officers within the military were traditionally conservative and had refused plans proposed by Morales to be guided by Cuban military and intelligence agents, damaging Morales' hold of the military. On Wednesday, Morales supporters descended on La Paz for a third day in a row from El Alto, a nearby mountain city with a heavily Indigenous population. But the face of Jeanine Anez can be seen clearly which proves that the leaked video of Bolivian president is authentic. Chaos gripped the downtown as protesters set bonfires in the street and the police launched tear gas at groups of demonstrators. Stores were shut, and hotel employees handed out vinegar-drenched rags for guests who had been gassed. Share. Due to the complexities in the rise to power of these individuals, in Bolivia presidents are divided between two groups. “Dictatorship! And Ms. Añez rejected accusations from Evo Morales, who stepped down as president on Sunday with his country in turmoil, that her assumption of the presidency was illegitimate. The government … The government of Gonzales had infuriated business leaders by nationalizing industries and antagonized Washington by ousting the Peace Corps, which it viewed as an instrument of CIA penetration. Bolivia’s Interim Leader Pledges to ‘Reconstruct Democracy’ The leader, Jeanine Añez Chavez, appointed a new cabinet, but backers of the ousted Evo Morales have promised to … Six months later, on December 18, 2005, cocalero leader Evo Morales was elected president. “Añez must resign. An army general, Carlos Orellana Centellas, became the new top commander of the armed forces and promised to take orders from Ms. Añez. About sharing. An Aymara, he became a coca farmer when his family moved to Boliva’s lowlands. On Wednesday, with the backing of the military, Ms. Añez met with advisers to appoint a new cabinet. The Bolivian Workers' Central (COB) felt this insufficient given the rising cost of living, calling a general strike, while protesters clashed with police. Perhaps the most important member will be the new Economy Minister, Jose Luis Parada, an energy specialist, who will be responsible for reviving an economy weakened low natural gas prices and by recent road blockages and violent protests. He listed economic statistics to prove his success, down to the miles of roads that were paved under his presidency. The government of Gonzales had infuriated business leaders by nationalizing industries and antagonized Washington by ousting the Peace Corps, which it viewed as an instrument of CIA penetration. On Wednesday, thousands of Bolivians marched against Ms. Añez. "We are seeing hunger, we are seeing a health crisis that has deepened the structures of poverty in our country, and we have an educational crisis that deserves everyone's attention," said the head of the executive. Under Morales, Bolivia has witnessed extraordinary change, notably new emphasis placed on rights of the indigenous natives. The leader, Jeanine Añez, also called on security forces to restore public order and police responded by opening fire Friday on coca farmers protesting against … In May 2010, his government announced a 5% rise in the minimum wage. Kirk Semple and Elisabeth Malkin contributed reporting from Mexico City. But the session at which she claimed power was boycotted by supporters of Mr. Morales, who hold a majority. President Arce asked the new military leadership to guarantee the stability of the country in the current circumstances. In her first televised address to Bolivia, Jeanine Añez Chavez, the senator who declared herself interim president on Tuesday, urged citizens to resume their normal lives after weeks of violence set off by a disputed election. Her backers released photos of members of the high command saluting her. head of government: President Hugo BANZER Suarez (since 6 August 1997); Vice President Jorge Fernando QUIROGA Ramirez ... [Manual MORALES Davila]; Socialist Party One or PS-1 [leader NA]; Bolivian Socialist Falange or FSB [leader NA]; Socialist Unzaguista Movement or MAS [leader NA] Center-Left Parties: Movement of the Revolutionary Left or MIR [Oscar EID]; Christian Democrat or … Bolivian opposition leader and senator Jeanine Anez Chavez speaks during a news conference following Bolivia's former president Evo Morales' exit out of the country, in La Paz, Bolivia, Nov. 12, 2019. Looting and clashes between the police and demonstrators across the country have left at least eight dead in recent weeks, according to Bolivian news reports. As of June 2012, the Bolivian g overnment terminated the U.S.-Bolivia bilateral investment treaty that entered into force in 2001; however, the treaty will continue to apply for another 10 years to cover investments existing at the time of termination . On Wednesday afternoon, after using tear gas to break up a peaceful protest by supporters of Mr. Morales, the police blocked about a dozen senators allied with the former president from entering the legislature. Photos and bios of the current Heads of State, Dictators and First Ladies. But Mario Galindo, a noted Bolivian political science professor, said the political situation was confusing and in flux. Former President Evo Morales said at a news conference in Mexico City that he was willing to return from exile “if the people ask me.”. A former media executive and conservative legislator, Ms. Añez quickly gained the support of the Bolivian Army’s high command, who visited her on Tuesday for a planning meeting at the government palace. The Bolivian Falange came into power in 1971 when its leader, Gen. Hugo Banzer Suarez, ousted the leftist government of Gen. Juan Jose Torres Gonzales. “But we need a leader, someone to be in charge.”, Ms. Anez swore in an 11-member cabinet Wednesday evening in a ceremony at the government palace, in which she promised “an inclusive government.”. We can not post the leaked video of Jeanine Anez here but it was shared on Twitter by several Twitter accounts. “Without Evo if they want, but without violence, because that isn’t the solution,” he said. Evo Morales: Bolivian leader's turbulent presidency. Bolivian opposition carries out racist, misogynist attacks against government supporters Violent opposition groups kidnapped and humiliated the mayor of Vinto, physically assaulted women during a march and forced a peasant leader to kneel down and beg for his life Statistics to prove his success, down to the struggle for democracy, workers ’ rights, military. 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