[281] Jordan came within a point of reaching the 2012 Olympics after losing the final of the 2010 Asian Cup to China by the narrowest of margins, 70–69, and settling for silver instead. [18] GDP per capita rose by 351% in the 1970s, declined 30% in the 1980s, and rose 36% in the 1990s—currently $9,406 per capita by purchasing power parity. The parliament also has the right of interpellation. [284] In 2014, a NGO Make Life Skate Life completed construction of the 7Hills Skatepark, the first skatepark in the country located in Downtown Amman. [48] The Aqaba Church in Ayla was built during this era, it is considered to be the world's first purpose built Christian church. [19] The Old Testament refers to the area as "the other side of the Jordan". There is a version by Johnny and June Cash and also one by Alison Krauss. I believe my steps are growing wearier each day Still I’ve got a journey on my mind Lures of this old world have ceased to make me want to stay and my one regret is leaving you behind. Featured In. [18] While several theories for the origin of the river's name have been proposed, it is most plausible that it derives from the Semitic word Yarad, meaning "the descender", reflecting the river's declivity. [104] The fedayeen activities soon became a threat to Jordan's rule of law. Currently, the railway has little civilian activity; it is primarily used for transporting goods. [183] The decision, which was later revoked, caused large scale protests to break out across the country. [38] Although the kingdoms supported the Babylonians against Judah in the 597 BC sack of Jerusalem, they rebelled against them a decade later. [63] Transjordan was of marginal importance to the Ottoman authorities. As such, the lyrics are filled with emotions. [107] According to the World Bank, Syrian refugees have cost Jordan more than $2.5 billion a year, amounting to 6% of the GDP and 25% of the government's annual revenue. [283] Although cycling is not widespread in Jordan, the sport is developing as a lifestyle and a new way to travel especially among the youth. [65] These tribes laid claims to different parts of the region, and with the absence of a meaningful Ottoman authority, Transjordan slid into a state of anarchy that continued till the 19th century. In 2015, their number in Jordan was 130,911. In 1946, Jordan became an independent state officially known as the Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan, but was renamed in 1949 to the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan after the country captured the West Bank during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War and annexed it until it was lost to Israel in 1967. The Village Singers. [176] The Jordanian economy is one of the smallest economies in the region, and the country's populace suffers from relatively high rates of unemployment and poverty. [169] In 2015, Jordan participated in the Saudi Arabian-led military intervention in Yemen against the Houthis and forces loyal to former President Ali Abdullah Saleh, who was deposed in the 2011 uprising. [4] The kingdom is also a refuge to thousands of Iraqi Christians fleeing persecution by ISIL. Jordan ranks third internationally in participation in U.N. peacekeeping missions,[166] with one of the highest levels of peacekeeping troop contributions of all U.N. member states. [243][244][245] American and European expatriate communities are concentrated in the capital, as the city is home to many international organizations and diplomatic missions. [16] Nonetheless, a lack of natural resources, large flow of refugees and regional turmoil have hampered economic growth. [44] In 106 AD, Emperor Trajan annexed Nabataea unopposed, and rebuilt the King's Highway which became known as the Via Traiana Nova road. [228], Jordan was also selected as the location for the Synchrotron-Light for Experimental Science and Applications in the Middle East (SESAME) facility, supported by UNESCO and CERN. [36] The stele constitutes one of the most important direct accounts of Biblical history. [9] The capital, Amman, is Jordan's most populous city as well as the country's economic, political and cultural centre.[10]. Regional instability over the decades halted oil and gas supply to the kingdom from various sources, making it incur billions of dollars in losses. Petra Engineering Industries Company, which is considered to be one of the main pillars of Jordanian industry, has gained international recognition with its air-conditioning units reaching NASA. [32] Villages in Transjordan expanded rapidly in areas with reliable water resources and agricultural land. [236] Since 2010, over 1.4 million Syrian refugees have fled to Jordan to escape the violence in Syria,[4] the largest population being in the Zaatari refugee camp. [224], Jordan's military industry thrived after the King Abdullah Design and Development Bureau (KADDB) defence company was established by King Abdullah II in 1999, to provide an indigenous capability for the supply of scientific and technical services to the Jordanian Armed Forces, and to become a global hub in security research and development. [111] Proportional representation was re-introduced to the Jordanian parliament in the 2016 general election, a move which he said would eventually lead to establishing parliamentary governments. Mansaf is eaten on different occasions such as funerals, weddings and on religious holidays. [127], Jordan is a unitary state under a constitutional monarchy. And I'll be waiting on the far side banks of Jordan I'll be waiting, drawing pictures in the sand And when I see you coming I will rise up with the shout And come running through the shallow waters reaching for your hand And I'll be waiting on the far side banks of Jordan I'll be waiting, drawing pictures in the sand [104] At the Rabat summit conference in 1974, in the aftermath of the Yom-Kippur War, Jordan agreed, along with the rest of the Arab League, that the PLO was the "sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people". Far Side Banks of Jordan was composed by N,A. [81] Transjordan then was in disarray, widely considered to be ungovernable with its dysfunctional local governments. [41] Petra, Nabataea's barren capital, flourished in the 1st century AD, driven by its extensive water irrigation systems and agriculture. [100] The 1950s were a period of political upheaval, as Nasserism and Pan-Arabism swept the Arab World. Museums outside Amman include the Aqaba Archaeological Museum. In Jordanian cuisine, drinking coffee and tea flavoured with na'na or meramiyyeh is almost a ritual. [11], On 15 May 1948, as part of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, Jordan intervened in Palestine together with many other Arab states. Both are great. The effects are largely affecting Jordanian communities, as the vast majority of Syrian refugees do not live in camps. This is due to Jordan's critical position in the Middle East. [229] The facility is the only particle accelerator in the Middle East, and one of only 60 synchrotron radiation facilities in the world.[229]. [163] The Jordanian military enjoys strong support and aid from the United States, the United Kingdom and France. [30] Wadi Feynan became a regional center for copper extraction, which was exploited on a large-scale to produce bronze. Recently, the nightlife in Amman, Aqaba and Irbid has started to emerge and the number of bars, discos and nightclubs is on the rise. [104] In September 1970, the Jordanian army targeted the fedayeen and the resultant fighting led to the expulsion of Palestinian fighters from various PLO groups into Lebanon, in a conflict that became known as Black September. [108] The attack is considered to be a rare event in the country, and Jordan's internal security was dramatically improved afterwards. [34], The Transjordanian kingdoms of Ammon, Edom and Moab were in continuous conflict with the neighbouring Hebrew kingdoms of Israel and Judah, centered west of the Jordan River. [259] German is an increasingly popular language; it has been introduced at a larger scale since the establishment of the German-Jordanian University in 2005. [218] Jordan also aims to benefit from its large uranium reserves by tapping nuclear energy. [116], The climate in Jordan varies greatly. Jordan renounced its claim to the territory in 1988, and became one of four Arab states to sign a peace treaty with Israel in 1994. [144] The 2010 Arab Democracy Index from the Arab Reform Initiative ranked Jordan first in the state of democratic reforms out of 15 Arab countries. [74] The revolt started on 5 June 1916 from Medina and pushed northwards until the fighting reached Transjordan in the Battle of Aqaba on 6 July 1917. Jordan (Arabic: الأردن‎; tr. [69] His oppressive policies led to the unsuccessful peasants' revolt in Palestine in 1834. Your Amazon Music account is currently associated with a different marketplace. 1, U.S. State Department (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1963) pp 636, 650–652. [188] Remittances from Jordanian expatriates were $3.8 billion in 2015, a notable rise in the amount of transfers compared to 2014 where remittances reached over $3.66 billion listing Jordan as fourth largest recipient in the region. 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