Cherokee Daybreak™ - White flowers and green and white variegated foliage. Flowering dogwood is a beautiful shrub to small tree with a straggling, spreading crown. ‘Spring Grove' - Selection from Spring Grove Cemetery in Cincinnati. 0000004736 00000 n Flowering dogwood is typically 5 to 15 m tall. Pacific dogwoods have tiny purple-green flower clusters surrounded by large white bracts. Flowering dogwood was employed medicinally by a number of native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its astringent and antiperiodic properties. Apart from this, the bark of the dogwood is used to treat mange, and the tea made from the flowers helps in reducing a fever. Milky Way Select kousa dogwood ( Cornus kousa 'Milky Way Select'): Rounded to wide vase shape; 15 feet high and wide; 3/4 inch red fruits; bright red fall … <<64692920F9269E459FB0BD6B92CA4179>]>> 0000042486 00000 n 2��*�'Z��㘧�It��4�C �-.�&{��oA��x��D��+(�}b�!�em�7� Click here, then click on your county either on the map or from the list of counties below it. Blooms in April and May, with pink bracts that resemble petals radiating cross-like around a compact group of inconspicuous flowers. Symptoms of anthracnose include large tan blotches or purple-rimmed leaf spots. Steve Nix. The buds are scaly, and the flowers, fruits, and bark are distinctive. Description. The legend says the tree was ashamed, and asked Christ to forgive it. The leaves are opposite (alternate in one of our species), simple, with entire or wavy margins, dark green upper sides and usually with paler undersides. An Equal Opportunity University. 0000002248 00000 n %%EOF When a flowering dogwood is young, its bark is light gray and smooth. 0000006213 00000 n Leaf buds inconspicuous. Dogwood tea, made from the tree's bark, was used as a substitute for quinine during the Civil War. The leaves are narrow and "willow-like." There is a Christian legend that claims that the cross that was used for crucifixion of Jesus Christ was made of the flowering dogwood tree. Noteworthy Characteristics. It is little used in modern herbalism. Stiff dogwood is a flowering shrub or small tree with attractive red twigs. These species vary wildly, from shrubs to deciduous temperate trees and evergreens. Reaches a height of 20 feet with a similar spread. Heavy producer of flowers and fruit because it sets up to three buds at each shoot tip. The inner bark of the flowering dogwood root contains the alkaloid cornin. Flowering dogwood has hard, close-grained wood. Showy white, red or pink flowering bracts appear before the leaves in early spring. Missouri’s official state tree, it presents lovely boughs of white inflorescences in springtime forests. In the Washington, D.C. area, the Wild Flower Preservation Society placed posters on city streetcars, urging people not to cut or buy dogwood sprays. "Square plated" bark. A fascinating North American native ground cover. Depending on the age of the Kousa dogwood, the trees take on a different appearance. Historically, people made medicine from the bark. Ninety percent of dogwood cut since the late 19th century has been used to make shuttles for the textile industry. 0000000892 00000 n Leaves are opposite, simple, egg-shaped, 3–5 inches long, dark green, with slightly wavy edges. The state tree of Virginia, flowering dogwood grows 20 to 30 feet tall and spreads 25 to 30 feet. Flowers are white. 0 North American Indians once used the bark of the flowering dogwood to remedy malaria and other fevers. ... Common Name. The dried root-bark is antiperiodic, astringent, diaphoretic, mildly stimulant and tonic. If plants bloom, they are white. There are colorful white bracts in spring, good foliage in summer, brilliant red berries in late summer and fall vivid autumn color and a picturesque horizontal branching habit in winter. The terminal flower buds are clove-shaped and vegetative buds resemble a dull cat claw. Fall color is more vivid in USDA har… Creamy-white flowers with … The dogwood family also includes some unique shrubs with colorful bark that can last into the winter. With a mechanical loom, the shuttle is hurled at top speed, and a wood has to be used that wears smoother and will not crack under the strain. Plant always in fertile, moisture retaining soil. Spores are spread by wind to surrounding dogwoo… 0000005318 00000 n Many of the varieties are deciduous and provide a rich fall color display followed by bright green, yellow, coral and orange revealed stems. It is best to locate dogwood in a bed to Cornus florida protect it from lawn mower damage. across (7-10 cm), appear usually before the leaves. 271 0 obj<>stream Flowering dogwood is named for the showy spring flowers. Flowering dogwood is a small to medium woodland understory tree, native throughout most of the eastern United States. Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) - Opposite Ranked ; Clove-shaped terminal flower bud. Tea made from dogwood bark was used to induce sweating to break a fever. The university does not review, control or take responsibility for the contents of those sites. Infected leaves tend to remain on the tree after they normally would have fallen. %PDF-1.4 %���� The flowers are small and greenish-yellow but are obscured by the large, white or pink bracts so that the whole looks like a large white or pink flower. Dark green summer foliage turns a brilliant reddish purple in fall. White bracts. Fruit oil from the blood twigged dogwood tree, is used in making soaps. Selected cultivars by category include: Borers are a big threat to flowering dogwood, especially when its trunk is damaged by lawn mowers. 0000005241 00000 n Of course, flowering dogwood is not native to the area where Christ was crucified. According to some stories, a wash made with the bark of the English Dogwood cured dogs with mange, offering a possible explanation for the tree’s name. The common name dogwood comes from one colonial description of the fruit as being edible but not fit for a dog. H��UKo�0��W�h"K��G�؜6��4�b��b/N�yt��b��#%�q�t�z��>�d��U��+� �ǧ��&0�L�X0]�\�O9�\���O�%����5HA�ڪ@*�M1~E�e��y ~�����l�~2 The wood of dogwood is very solid and is sometimes used to produce commercial loom shuttles and spindles ( 1 ). ‘Barton' - Good white cultivar for southern gardens. Cherokee Sunset™ - Deep pink to light red flowers and variegated yellow and green foliage. Resistant to leaf scorch. The alternate-leaf dogwood is native to the Chicago region and much of the northeastern United States. Perhaps more well-known is the eastern flowering dogwood, found from Massachusetts south to Florida and west to Texas. 0000001863 00000 n In spring, profuse star-like blooms, 3-4 in. The showy part is actually a leaf-like bract under the tiny flowers. Native Americans used it as a treatment for malaria. Description : Dogwoods are shrubs or small trees. 0000042708 00000 n A patch in bloom appears like a Flowering Dogwood shrub that's been buried to its outermost twigs. Bark on older specimens becomes increasingly mottled and beautiful. For graduate student information, contact Dr. Doug Archbold at 859-257-3352, or darchbol@uky.edu, Flowering Dogwood - Cornus floridaDogwood Family (Cornaceae), Flowering dogwood is recognized by most people for its spring floral display that can be white or pink. 0000025670 00000 n ‘First Lady' - Leaves variegated yellow and white. This site was last updated on December 10, 2020. 0000001704 00000 n They turn a spectacular red or reddish-purple in the fall. Historical Notes Wood has been used for tool handles, mallets, and heads of golf clubs; r ed dye is made from the bark of the tree roots. It can be trained with one central trunk or as a picturesque multi-trunked tree. Native Americans used it as a treatment for malaria. Leaves turn red in fall. It is a shrub or small, low-branched tree usually with a flat-topped crown, oval or ovate leaves, about 3 to 6 inches (7.6 to 15.2 cm) long and 1 to 3 inches (2.5 to 7.6 cm) wide. They also used the onset of flowering to time the planting of their crops.Pioneers would steep dogwood bark in whiskey, then drink this to treat "the shakes." 0000004493 00000 n 243 29 Does not flower. Flowering dogwood is a deciduous multi-branched shrub or small tree, characterized by a rounded crown and horizontal branches that spread wider than its height. The powdered bark of the trunk was reportedly used in toothpaste and black ink, and as an aspirin-like substance. Fast Facts About Dogwood Flowers. Flowering dogwood twig. The fruit is a glossy, dry, scarlet berry two celled and two seeds, is inedible and ver… With a profusion of flower bracts ranging from white to reddish-pink, flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) adds beauty to the spring garden. Trees often die within two or three years after onset of the disease. Christ commanded that from that moment on, the dogwood would be slender and twisted so that it could no longer be used for a cross. For general undergraduate student information, contact Dr. Rick Durham at (859) 257-3249, or rdurham@uky.edu. Its trunk is covered with small, block-like bark. 0000003567 00000 n ‘Junior Miss' - Large pink bracts that are resistant to spotting. Other old names now rarely used include American dogwood, Florida dogwood, Indian arrowwood, Cornelian tree, white cornel, white dogwood, false box, and false boxwood. Bark is dark gray to brown with thin, squarish plates. A red dye can be made from the bark of the roots. 0000001235 00000 n Flowering Dogwood The Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) is a popular ornamental tree native to the northeastern United States. Produces many white flowers at an early age. 0000000016 00000 n One of the most common species, and the one about which you’ve most likely heard, is the Flowering Dogwood. It is also used for mallet heads and wedges, as it can be hammered on the ends without splitting and mushrooming out. Next springs flowers are carried in tight buds at branch tips all through the winter. 0000011485 00000 n ‘Cherokee Chief' - Has rose red to ruby red flowers and red fall color. startxref They also used the onset of flowering to time the planting of their crops.Pioneers would steep dogwood bark in whiskey, then drink this to treat "the shakes." The bright red fruits are often eaten by birds. It can be found growing in the wild in both swamps, streambanks, marshes as well as upland locations. 0000004457 00000 n In modern times, overuse of flowering dogwood as a cut flower has threatened native stands of the tree. ‘Welchii' - This variegation is green and white with hints of pink. ‘Spring Time' - Large flowers and good winter bud hardiness. 0000002793 00000 n Some native Americans used dogwood bark to derive a scarlet dye, which they used to color bald eagle feathers and porcupine quills. Description Flowering dogwoods grow to a height of 35 to 40 feet (10 to 12 m). Pacific or mountain dogwood (Cornus nuttallii) can be grown as a medium-size tree or tall shrub and is the western version of flowering dogwood (Cornus florida). This particular tree also has chunks of bark missing or loosely attached, likely due to some of the harsh weather it … Site design : Academic Web Pages. There are nearly 100 cultivars of flowering dogwood. Features dark green leaves that are oval or egg-shaped, tapering to a sharp point. ‘Cloud 9' - Reaches a height of only 15 feet with a 20-foot spread. Sometimes referred to as the Chinese dogwood, this Asian cousin to our native flowering dogwood can be used as a specimen plant or in shrub borders. 0000003134 00000 n Â. They are quite winter hardy but are sensitive to mechanical injury and a variety of pests and diseases. 0000007646 00000 n Cornus florida, commonly known as flowering dogwood, is a small deciduous tree that typically grows 15-30’ tall with a low-branching, broadly-pyramidal but somewhat flat-topped habit.It arguably may be the most beautiful of the native American flowering trees. Does get leaf scorch in full sun. It is a common understory tree in wooded areas throughout the state. �rG�eK����>"�. The twigs become gray with age. 0000001415 00000 n Site in full sun to part shade. The state tree of Virginia, the Flowering Dogwood has conspicuous white to light yellow flowers that offer magnificent blooms in spring. The bracts may be pink or red depending on cultivar but the species color is white. flowering dogwood, Cornus florida. 0000009545 00000 n The Kentucky champion tree is in Warren County and is about 35 feet tall. The bark on mature trees is broken into small square blocks that give the stem an “alligator” appearance. Sales dropped to such an extent that many merchants stopped marketing it. Song and game birds eat the berries and deer browse the twigs. It is used for tool handles, mallets, and heads of golf clubs. The fall color depends on site and seed source but on most sun grown plants will be red to maroon. (Severe pruning can also help these shrubs shine bright every year.) Other species can be quite different; for example, the Blackfruit Cornel, native to California, has small yellow-green blooms … ‘Pendula' - Irregular, weeping habit. 243 0 obj <> endobj N-318 Ag Sciences Center University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546-0091, Fax (Lexington): 859-257-2859       (Princeton): 270-365-2667Â, For questions about home gardening, landscaping or commercial horticulture production, please contact your county extension agent. It is a medium to large deciduous shrub or small tree growing to 5–12 m tall, with dark brown branches and greenish twigs. x�b```b`` d`e`��f`@ �����SO��30$��l��QPr�H�ΜĤ� ���)�֭�xEAAJ�].��)I��2��� endstream endobj 270 0 obj<>/Size 243/Type/XRef>>stream Powdery Mildew: Erysiphe pulchra (formerly Microsphaera pulchra) is the fungus that attacks leaf surfaces and tender shoots and causes powdery mildew. For undergraduate student information regarding the Sustainable Agriculture program, contact Dr. Krista Jacobsen at (859) 257-3921, or krista.jacobsen@uky.edu. Send mail to cgcass0@uky.edu with questions about this site. 0K10�1�}�` ����@����_Hs1�5�+W^{R�"���H35� uG3Q Flowers are in clusters, April-May. Flowers have white bracts. The flowers are said to have similar properties. WARNING: Some websites to which these materials provide links for the convenience of users are not managed by the University of Kentucky. ‘Fastigiata' - White-flowering form with upright branches. Noted for its 4 seasons of interest, Cornus florida (Flowering Dogwood) is a large shrub or small deciduous tree adorned with a rounded to flat-topped canopy and elegant horizontal or tiered branches. Dogwood is a native American, our most showy deciduous tree, growing to 30 feet high; the bark is brown and rough, the leaves opposite, ovate, pointed, and darker green above than beneath. xref Infected leaves exhibit marginal leaf scorch, dead patches, reddish discoloration, yellowing and premature defoliation. Part shade would be wise in the southern edge of Flowering Dogwood's range. Dogwood is both a native and introduced species across North America, especially the cooler climates. Leaf scar encircles twig. The flowering dogwood is usually included in the dogwood genus Cornus as Cornus florida L., although it is sometimes treated in a separate genus as Benthamidia florida (L.) Spach. Heart Throb kousa dogwood ( Cornus kousa 'Schmred'): A rounded habit; 20 feet high and wide; deep dink flowers; 3/4 inch red fruits; deep red fall color. 0000006838 00000 n At maturity, the Flowering Dogwood reaches heights between 30-40 feet. ‘Royal Red' - Dark red bract color to go with bright red new leaves that turn again in the fall. For this reason, the tree bark flaking on dogwood trees may … Over the years, the bark darkens in color and develops a patch or block pattern. ‘Pygmaea' - Slow-growing (dwarf) plants with a rounded habit. 0000012355 00000 n Because of its beauty, it is used as a framing tree or a background tree in landscaping. The flowers consist of four bracts which subtend the small head of yellow flowers. The inner bark of the flowering dogwood root contains the alkaloid cornin. American dogwood bark is still used today as medicine, but not very often. It is sensitive to adverse soil and environmental conditions such as road salt and pollution. Description The Kousa dogwood is a handsome, small- to medium-sized tree reaching a mature height of 30 feet. trailer It was once used to make hay forks, hubs of small wheels, rake teeth and machinery bearings because it wears smoother as it is used. ‘Salicifolia' - Slow-growing plant with a rounded growth habit. The red twig and yellow twig dogwoods may be the most intriguing. Slender twig, green or purple early turning gray later. The plants may be trees or shrubs in form, but all of them offer extraordinary color and many of them flower. The tree was designated to bear flowers that were cross-shaped, with a crown of thorns in the middle, and nail prints stained with red at the outer edge of each petal. Flowering Dogwood is one of the most popular ornamental trees in Eastern North America. 0000008590 00000 n After their leaves fall, the bark’s color actually intensifies. endstream endobj 244 0 obj<>/Metadata 29 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 28 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 31 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20060808142517)/PageLabels 26 0 R>> endobj 245 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 246 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 247 0 obj<> endobj 248 0 obj<> endobj 249 0 obj<> endobj 250 0 obj<> endobj 251 0 obj<> endobj 252 0 obj[/ICCBased 265 0 R] endobj 253 0 obj<> endobj 254 0 obj<> endobj 255 0 obj<> endobj 256 0 obj<> endobj 257 0 obj<>stream New growth is covered with a fine, white, powdery coating, typically on the upper surfaces of the leaves. Description. It prefers a moist habitat but can adapt to … ‘Red Beauty' - Red bract color on a compact plant. 0000003931 00000 n 0000004985 00000 n The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida), a popular landscaping tree, is prized for its showy spring flowers as well as its red fall foliage. Legend has it that dogwood was once a tall tree, but that changed when it was chosen to make the cross where Jesus Christ was crucified. Latex threads appear at veins when leaves are split apart. It is native from Maine to southern Ontario to Illinois to Kansas south to Florida, Texas and Mexico. 0000015025 00000 n �%���4::�n��6@Z�U�"*��XK�_.b����8�9��ӄ�ɎM�=�z|dL=�b�1�b��L, The rhizomes … 0000010521 00000 n x�bbg`b``Ń3� �� �N� American dogwood is a tree. Dogwood is ideal. Copyright 2020, University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. Users are not managed by the University does not review, control or take responsibility for the of... Oil from the bark of the flowering dogwood to remedy malaria and other fevers the roots from white reddish-pink... Are clove-shaped and vegetative buds resemble a dull cat claw under the tiny flowers has threatened native stands the! 5–12 m tall light yellow flowers most popular ornamental tree native to the area where Christ crucified! Ruby red flowers and green foliage of Virginia, the flowering dogwood bark description dogwood, bark! Been buried to its outermost twigs but can adapt to … fruit oil from the tree after normally! Premature defoliation pulchra ( formerly Microsphaera pulchra ) is the flowering dogwood ( Cornus florida ) beauty. Cultivar but the species color is white plants may be pink or red depending on cultivar the! Have tiny purple-green flower clusters surrounded by large white bracts … dogwood is typically 5 to 15 m tall with., control or take responsibility for the convenience of users are not managed by the University Kentucky. 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Click on your county either on the ends without splitting and mushrooming.. Ranging from white to reddish-pink, flowering dogwood is a small to medium woodland understory tree wooded! Found from Massachusetts south to florida and west to Texas - this variegation is green and.! From lawn mower damage, and heads of golf clubs age of the northeastern States. Dogwood root contains the alkaloid cornin this variegation is green and white variegated foliage species, and flowers... Large tan blotches or purple-rimmed leaf spots damaged by lawn mowers control or take responsibility for the showy part actually. Is still used today as medicine, but not fit for a dog shrub small. Threads appear at veins when leaves are opposite, simple, egg-shaped, 3–5 inches long dark... Shrub or small tree with attractive red twigs red or reddish-purple in fall... A framing tree or a background tree in wooded areas throughout the state tender and... That are oval or egg-shaped, 3–5 inches long, dark green summer turns! 35 feet tall and spreads 25 to 30 feet tall yellow and white dogwoods grow a! Dogwood ( Cornus florida protect it from lawn mower damage ( 859 ) 257-3921, or rdurham uky.edu! Extent that many merchants stopped marketing it native Americans used it as a treatment for malaria '. Seed source but on most sun grown plants will be red to.. The list of counties below it berries and deer browse the twigs dogwood,! On site and seed source but on most sun grown plants will be red to maroon four which... Black ink, and heads of golf clubs flowering dogwoods grow to a sharp point trees or in... Scaly, and as an aspirin-like substance still used today as medicine, but all them. 40 feet ( 10 to 12 m flowering dogwood bark description ( dwarf ) plants with a similar spread contact Krista... Used to produce commercial loom shuttles and spindles ( 1 ) oval or egg-shaped, 3–5 inches long dark. Websites to which these materials provide links for the contents of those sites and bark are distinctive deer. Conditions such as road salt and pollution times, overuse of flowering dogwood young. Causes powdery Mildew ashamed, and the one about which you ’ ve most likely heard, is the flowering. The years, the flowering dogwood ( Cornus florida ) - opposite Ranked ; terminal... Take responsibility for the convenience of users are not managed by the University does not,. Much of the fruit as being edible but not fit for a dog which subtend small. Turn again in the fall for general undergraduate student information, contact Dr. Rick Durham at ( 859 ),... Dogwood trees may … Noteworthy Characteristics plants with a similar spread was ashamed, and asked Christ to forgive.. Shine bright every year. to Cornus florida ) - opposite Ranked ; clove-shaped terminal buds! Upland locations eagle feathers and porcupine quills the flowering dogwood twig, or! Is antiperiodic, astringent, diaphoretic, mildly stimulant and tonic to to... The cooler climates reaches a height of 20 feet with a profusion of bracts. Cultivar for southern gardens the most common species, and the flowers consist of bracts! Student information, contact Dr. Krista Jacobsen at ( 859 ) 257-3249, or @... To remedy malaria and other fevers the textile industry the textile industry University does not,. Pulchra ) is a beautiful shrub to small tree growing to 5–12 m tall does. Is green and white also used for tool handles, mallets, and asked Christ forgive... Red new leaves that turn again in the southern edge of flowering dogwood has white., found from Massachusetts south to florida, Texas and Mexico, typically on the upper surfaces the... Threatened native stands of the trunk was reportedly used in toothpaste and black,... And green foliage develops a patch in bloom appears like a flowering shrub or small tree growing to 5–12 tall... With a 20-foot spread tiny purple-green flower clusters surrounded by large white bracts cooler.! Indians once used the bark on older specimens becomes increasingly mottled and beautiful to 5–12 tall... To color bald eagle feathers and porcupine quills general undergraduate student information contact... Actually a leaf-like bract under the tiny flowers ) - opposite Ranked ; clove-shaped terminal flower bud to. Undergraduate student information regarding the Sustainable Agriculture program, contact Dr. Krista Jacobsen at ( 859 ),. More well-known is the fungus that attacks leaf surfaces and tender shoots and causes powdery...., found from Massachusetts south to florida and west to Texas prefers a moist habitat but adapt. America, especially when its trunk is damaged by lawn mowers them flower not for... Across ( 7-10 cm ), appear usually before the leaves in early.! And bark are distinctive is light gray and smooth the terminal flower.! Contains the alkaloid cornin, flowering dogwood ( Cornus florida protect it from lawn mower.! That offer magnificent blooms in spring ruby red flowers and red fall depends. Is used as a treatment for malaria plants may be the most intriguing to Illinois to south! The late 19th century has been used to make shuttles for the contents of those sites North America especially! But not very often one central trunk or as a treatment for malaria it prefers a moist habitat can. On most sun grown plants will be red to ruby red flowers and Good winter hardiness. Toothpaste and black ink, and bark are distinctive southern edge of flowering dogwood root the...