From the creators of SparkNotes, something better. McPherson opens by calling the Civil War “The Brothers’ War.” McPherson states that the Confederates did not discuss the issue of slavery as often as Union soldiers did, because most Confederate soldiers readily accepted as an obvious fact that they were fighting to perpetuate slavery, and thus did not feel a need to debate over it: [O]nly 20 percent of the sample of 429 Southern soldiers explicitly voiced proslavery convictions in their letters or diaries. For Cause and Comrades lets these soldiers tell their own stories in their own words to create an account that is both deeply moving and far truer than most books on war. Drawing from a compilation of over 25,000 letters and 250 personal diaries, For Cause and Comrades tells the story of the American Civil War's soldiers through their own uncensored point of view. For both sides, reverence for their revolutionary forebears was a major element of patriotism. Overall, McPherson sees a decided shift among Union soldiers from pragmatism (or even outright reluctance) to principle regarding slavery over the course of the war. McPherson identifies both external and internal motivations that enabled soldiers to do this. Preface. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War is a book by the Pulitzer Prize–winning author James M. McPherson. Unquestionably, racist attitudes were common among Union soldiers, and many initially resisted Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation in 1862–1863, with some resenting a seeming shift in the war’s aims. Chapter 6 Summary: “A Band of Brothers” Continuing to look for reasons Civil War soldiers stayed in the war, McPherson further analyzes the concept of honor. At the same time, however, the cultural emphasis on honor, and the associated dread of cowardice and disgrace, propelled many into combat. xv, 237. Indeed, white supremacy and the right of property in slaves were at the core of the ideology for which Confederate soldiers fought. Drawing from a compilation of over 25,000 letters and 250 personal diaries, For Cause and Comrades tells the story of the American Civil War's soldiers through their own uncensored point of view.[1][2]. My students love how organized the handouts are and enjoy tracking the themes as a class.”. Libraries)] -- Why did the conventional wisdom -- that soldiers become increasingly cynical and disillusioned as war progresses -- not hold true in the Civil War? 44. A grunt's-eye account of the Civil War. For Cause & Comrades: Why Men Fought In The Civil War, by James M. McPherson In this book, noted Civil War historian James McPherson provides a work that demonstrates the potential of statistical analysis in history and the combination of social and military history when handled skillfully by someone with a full respect for the texts and the people who wrote them. seemingly lost causes yet sometimes win wars. "My students can't get enough of your charts and their results have gone through the roof." For cause and comrades chapter summary. For Cause and Comrades lets these soldiers tell their own stories in their own words to create an account that is both deeply moving and far truer than most books on war. Summary & Study Guide For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War by James M. McPherson Kindle Edition by BookRags (Author) See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. When writing your book reviews, please follow this exact template! For Cause and Comrades lets these soldiers tell their own stories in their own words to create an account that is both deeply moving and far truer than most books on war. He used 429 Confederate soldier’s letters or diaries and 647 Union soldier’s letters or diaries. While early Union enlistees rarely spoke of slavery—except insofar as abolishing slavery would weaken the Confederacy—meeting Southern slaves, observing economic stagnation, and sheltering runaway slaves contributed to a growing anti-slavery principle among Northerners. Though what McPherson calls “primary group cohesion” was a significant factor, ideological commitments were also vital to sustaining motivation and combat motivation. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War - Chapter 11, Vengeance Will be Our Motto Summary & Analysis James M. McPherson This Study Guide consists of approximately 28 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of For Cause and Comrades. Our, “Would not have made it through AP Literature without the printable PDFs. The opening chapter of the book is mostly a plot overview of the events that had yet to come. James M. McPherson. It is part of the genius of For Cause and Comrades that McPherson does not only argue that Civil War soldiers "knew what they were fighting for." McPherson describes revenge rhetoric as “the dark underside” of morale and motivation. 34 pages of summaries and analysis on For Cause and Comrades by James M. McPherson. LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in For Cause and Comrades, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. NYTimes - For Cause and Comrades Why Men Fought in the Civil War Reviews in the NY Times tend to be lengthy and literary, tracking the book's creation through the development and writing process, with a look at what makes both book and author unique. He used 429 Confederate soldier’s letters or diaries and 647 Union soldier’s letters or diaries. For Cause and Comrades lets these soldiers tell their own stories in their own words to create an account that is both deeply moving and far truer than most books on war. Gazing at Bloody Lane where, in 1862, several Union assaults were brutally repulsed before they finally broke through, he marveled,You … For Cause and Comrades lets these soldiers tell their own stories in their own words to create an account that is both deeply moving and far truer than most books on war. Reaction to the book was highly positive. For Cause and Comrades Summary. The initial motivation the union and confederacy sustain throughout the story proves … “This book challenges the conventional wisdom about the motives and mentalite of Civil War soldiers,” claims McPherson. Chapter 1, This War is a Crusade Summary and Analysis McPherson opens with the question of why 13,000 Confederate soldiers gave their. Search above for 5000 other chapter summaries, curated from popular sites like SparkNotes and Cliff Notes. For Cause and Comrades: An Analysis As long as man has had the ability to think for himself, there has been conflict and war. Print Word PDF. A summary is balanced with details on the book's writing style and themes. "[7], The School Library Journal Review also gave a favorable review, saying "McPherson uses these letters well: they not only support his arguments but provide the intensely human elements of fear, sickness, loneliness and exhaustion that make the question of motivations so poignant. Your price $12.39 USD. Teachers and parents! For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War - Chapter 5, Religion is What Makes Brave Soldiers Summary & Analysis. Since many regiments were made up of men from the same community, lifelong relationships—and fear of becoming known as a coward back home—helped reinforce a sense of brotherhood, which in turn heightened combat motivation. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War James M. McPherson, Author Oxford University Press, USA $60 (256p) ISBN 978-0-19-509023-9. McPherson has taught at Princeton since 1962 and written numerous books on the American Civil War, including Battle Cry of Freedom, which won the Pulitzer Prize in History. For Cause and Comrades Chapter 8: The Cause of Liberty Summary & Analysis | LitCharts. They took slavery for granted as one of the Southern 'rights' and institutions for which they fought, and did not feel compelled to discuss it. To a greater degree than in any other war, American Civil War soldiers’ letters and diaries provide ample evidence for their motivations to enlist in the war and to fight. While Confederates’ patriotism was sharpened by anger over Northern invasion of their home territories, Union soldiers also wrote passionately of what they saw as secessionists’ treasonous breakup of the Union. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War Summary & Study Guide James M. McPherson This Study Guide consists of approximately 28 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of For Cause and Comrades. [James M McPherson; Frank and Virginia Williams Collection of Lincolniana (Mississippi State University. For Cause and Comrades For Cause and Comrades by James M. McPherson consists of mostly of soldiers’ diaries and letters home as to why the men were fighting the Civil War. For Cause and Comrades deserves similar accolades, as McPherson's masterful prose and the soldiers' own words combine to create both an important book on an often-overlooked aspect of our bloody Civil War, and a powerfully moving account of the men who fought it. Slavery was less salient for most Confederate soldiers because it was not controversial. LitCharts Teacher Editions. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997, Pp. For Cause and Comrades Chapter 1 Summary & Analysis. For Cause and Comrades For Cause and Comrades by James M. McPherson consists of mostly of soldiers’ diaries and letters home as to why the men were fighting the Civil War. The initial motivation the union and confederacy sustain throughout the story proves that personal honor is valued more than their lives. For Cause and Comrades lets these soldiers tell their own stories in their own words to create an account that is both deeply moving and far truer than most books on war. During the first two years of the Civil War (1861–1862), the overwhelming majority of soldiers volunteered for service. Strongest among these was religion (primarily Protestant Christianity). A lesser writer might blithely report what Union soldiers "thought" as though the northern army represented an undifferentiated mass. Drawing on some 25,000 letters and 250 diaries from 1,000 Yankee and Rebel soldiers, Pulitzer Prize—winning historian McPherson (Battle Cry of Freedom, 1989; Drawn with the Sword, 1996; etc.) Battle Cry of Freedom, McPherson's Pulitzer Prize-winning account of the Civil War, was a national bestseller that Hugh Brogan, in The New York Times, called 'history writing of the highest order.' Struggling with distance learning? For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War - Chapter 2, We Were in Earnest Summary & Analysis James M. McPherson This Study Guide consists of approximately 28 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of For Cause and Comrades. Continuing, McPherson also stated that of the hundreds of Confederate soldiers' letters he read, none of them contained any anti-slavery sentiment whatsoever: Although only 20 percent of the soldiers avowed explicit proslavery purposes in their letters and diaries, none at all dissented from that view. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War - Chapter 5, Religion is What Makes Brave Soldiers Summary & Analysis James M. McPherson This Study Guide consists of approximately 28 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of For Cause and Comrades. Next. And remember, do NOT plagiarize!!! Each student will prepare a typed (double-spaced, with one-inch margins, and 12-point, Times New Roman font), 3-4 page summary and review of each of the assigned readings. By James McPherson. James McPherson used Union and Confederate letters and diaries as the basis of For Cause & Comrades. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War James M. McPherson, Author Oxford University Press, USA $60 (256p) ISBN 978-0-19-509023-9. "[7], For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War won the Lincoln Prize in 1998. Chapter 7 Summary: “On the Altar of My Country” McPherson begins Chapter 7 by sharing quotes from several sources that claim soldiers, in battle, don’t fight for ideological reasons. Before battle, many of the Civil War soldiers feel anxious, as the title suggests, though they mean anxious as eager, instead of feeling anxiety. For Cause and Comrades lets these soldiers tell their own stories in their own words to create an account that is both deeply moving and far truer than most books on war. However, McPherson notes that in his sampling of letters, Confederates from slave-owning families were over-represented.[5]. For cause and comrades why men fought in the Civil War This edition published in 1997 by Oxford University Press in New York. McPherson’s sample included 25,000 letters and 249 diaries, all of them uncensored and unpublished. For Cause and Comrades lets these soldiers tell their own stories in their own words to create an account that is both deeply moving and far truer than most books on war. List Price $12.99 USD. Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. Wars are waged by the rich and powerful, but fought by the poor masses who march, inexorably into the meat grinder. Both Union and Confederate soldiers also expressed an unwavering conviction that God was on their side of the conflict. Chapter 1 Summary: “This War Is a Crusade” In the first chapter of the book, McPherson relates how he came to write it. 34 pages of summaries and analysis on For Cause and Comrades by James M. McPherson. But McPherson disagrees with both theories. If soldiers were initially eager to fight, expecting glory and adventure, their first experiences of battle tended to disillusion them. Brotherhood in battle could also cause bickering, rivalries, and factionalism to dissolve as men fought side by side and also shared common sorrows. The Civil War has been called The Brothers’ War because of the way that families were sometimes forced to choose sides. For Cause and Comrades: An Analysis As long as man has had the ability to think for himself, there has been conflict and war. The Civil War is unusual not only in American history, but in world history as … For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War is a 1997 nonfiction book by James M. McPherson. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War - Chapter 7, On the Altar of My Country Summary & Analysis James M. McPherson This Study Guide consists of approximately 28 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of For Cause and Comrades. Buy the eBook. Wars are waged by the rich and powerful, but fought by the poor masses who march, inexorably into the meat grinder. Ultimately, however, McPherson finds internal motivations to have been more powerfully sustaining. Even soldiers whose families did not own slaves sometimes spoke of fighting against the idea of racial equality. He says soldiers write often of courage, bravery, and valor, but, since the three words mean the same thing, McPherson says they are writing of the mark of honor (77). Ironically, the proportion of Union soldiers who wrote about the slavery question was greater, as the next chapter will show. 34 pages of summaries and analysis on For Cause and Comrades by James M. McPherson. For Cause and Comrades Why Men Fought in the Civil War (Book) : McPherson, James M. : General John A. Wickham, commander of the famous 101st Airborne Division in the 1970s and subsequently Army Chief of Staff, once visited Antietam battlefield. Summary & Study Guide For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War by James M. McPherson Kindle Edition by BookRags (Author) See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. Wars are waged by the rich and powerful, but fought by the poor masses who march, inexorably into the meat grinder. Other events at home—like an allowance that drafted men could hire substitutes to fight for them, and the emergence of “Copperheads,” or antiwar Peace Democrats—could be a significant drain on soldier morale. "[7], The Choice Review lauded the book as well, saying "McPherson offers a persuasive and provocative account of why Civil War soldiers fought. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War - Chapter 8, The Cause of Liberty Summary & Analysis James M. McPherson This Study Guide consists of approximately 28 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of For Cause and Comrades. James McPherson’s enjoyable work For Cause and Comrades addresses the motivations of Civil War officers and soldiers on both sides of the war. A summary is balanced with details on the book's writing style and themes. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. xviii, 237 pp., illustrations, index. For Cause and Comrades lets these soldiers tell their own stories in their own words to create an account that is both deeply moving and far truer than most books on war. For Cause and Comrades focuses on the American Civil War, which was fought from April 1861 to April 1865 between secessionist states (the Confederacy) and those states that remained loyal to the United States Constitution (the Union). This study guide includes the following sections: Plot Summary, Chapter Summaries & Analysis, Characters, Objects/Places, Themes, Style, Quotes, and Topics for Discussion. fight and die for a cause, as well as comrades, and that is why they sacrifice for . For both Union and Confederate soldiers, letters from home provided a major morale boost for men who felt torn between obligation to family and patriotic duty. Battle Cry of Freedom, McPherson's Pulitzer Prize-winning account of the Civil War, was a national bestseller that Hugh Brogan, in The New York Times, called "history writing of the highest order." Emancipation was a salient issue for Union soldiers because it was controversial. However, more minds were changed by the formation and successes of black Union regiments. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War. For Cause and Comrades Chapter 2 Summary & Analysis Chapter 2 Summary: “We Were in Earnest” Chapter 2 delves into the reasons soldiers on both sides enlisted in the war. James McPherson used Union and Confederate letters and diaries as the basis of For Cause & Comrades. Not looking for a For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War summary? For Cause and Comrades Chapter 6 Summary & Analysis. In For Cause and Comrades, McPherson offers very balanced and researched approach to the Civil War, typically a very emotionally charged topic. Outward means included training, discipline, and leadership. Plot Summary. Both sides were also strongly influenced by duty, an important concept in Victorian America which was linked to contemporary views of masculinity. For Cause and Comrades Chapter 3 Summary & Analysis. For Cause and Comrades Chapter 7 Summary & Analysis. Book Review – For Cause and Comrades. McPherson concludes his study by quoting an Ohio captain who, toward the war’s end, told his young son that he continued to fight “to secure for each and every American citizen of every race, the rights guaranteed […] in the Declaration of Independence.” He exhorted his young son to be worthy of that heritage, and McPherson says that contemporary Americans must constantly reexamine themselves, too, to ensure they are worthy of that same heritage. McPherson analyzes martial motivations leveraging French military historian, John A. Battle Cry of Freedom, McPherson's Pulitzer Prize-winning account of the Civil War, was a national bestseller that Hugh Brogan, in The New York Times, called "history writing of the highest order." In the book, McPherson contrasts the views of the Confederates regarding slavery to that of the colonial-era American revolutionaries of the late 18th century. This Study Guide consists of approximately 28 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of For Cause and Comrades. Teetotaling, pious men befriended hard-drinking, profane comrades. Gazing at Bloody Lane where, in 1862, several Union assaults were brutally repulsed before they finally broke through, he marveled,You … : For Cause and Comrade. (including. There is a ready explanation for this apparent paradox. examines what it was that kept these men engaged in a horribly bloody, and often mismanaged, conflict. James M. McPherson. This Study Guide consists of approximately 28 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of For Cause and Comrades. After several instances of visiting Civil War battlefields and finding himself unable to satisfactorily answer why so … examines what it was that kept these men engaged in a horribly bloody, and often mismanaged, conflict. For Cause and Comrades by James M. McPherson consists of mostly of soldiers’ diaries and letters home as to why the men were fighting the Civil War. For Cause and Comrades Chapter 9 Summary & Analysis Chapter 9 Summary: “Slavery Must Be Cleaned Out” Chapter 9 shows the slow movement of progress in the North on the subject of slavery. In the spring of 1976 I took several Princeton students to Gettysburg for the first of what became many tours of that memorable battlefield. Many soldiers wrote of a fatalistic sense of God controlling events on the battlefield, yet in its more optimistic expressions, this resignation—along with a pervasive belief in eternal life after death—seemed to embolden many soldiers to fight bravely. … From reading For Cause and Comrades, I learned about several motivations and reasons that soldiers from the North and the South fought in the Civil War. This study guide includes the following sections: Plot Summary, Chapter Summaries & Analysis, Characters, Objects/Places, Themes, Style, Quotes, and Topics for Discussion. In For Cause and Comrades, James McPherson challenges the modernist arguments of his contemporaries that the experiences of Civil War soldiers paralleled the disillusionment and war-weariness of twentieth-century soldiers. For cause and comrades chapter summaries. Both sides were fighting for their views on slavery, how the states should govern laws, and how the economy should operate. Atran et al. For Cause and Comrades Chapter 6 Summary & Analysis Chapter 6 Summary: “A Band of Brothers” Continuing to look for reasons Civil War soldiers stayed in the war, McPherson further analyzes the concept of honor. Men also refused “softer” assignments or promotions if it meant transferring away from … The book was published by Oxford University Press in 1997 and covers the lives and ideals of American Civil War soldiers from both sides of the war. From reading For Cause and Comrades, I learned about several motivations and reasons that soldiers from the North and the South fought in the Civil War. McPherson also examined the motivations behind Union soldiers and what drove them to fight for the United States in the war. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War - Chapter 7, On the Altar of My Country Summary & Analysis. His writing style is eminently readable and his arguments convincing. “It offers some interpretations that … For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War. For Cause and Comrades deserves similar accolades, as McPherson's masterful prose and the soldiers' own words combine to create both an important book on an often-overlooked aspect of our bloody Civil War, and a powerfully moving account of the men who fought it. The Victorian code of honor supplied a grimmer motive of revenge for many soldiers, especially among Confederates who often spoke viciously of Yankees, and for Unions in border states where Confederate guerillas were active. Though democratically minded, Americans were reluctant to obediently accept discipline—instead, they tended to respect courageous officers who displayed a willingness to share their men’s burdens and dangers. By 1864, resistance to black regiments was a minority position, and when Lincoln ran for reelection on a strongly abolitionist platform he won with 80 percent of the soldier vote. Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. For Cause and Comrades is a quest by historian James McPherson to understand why the Civil War soldiers fought the Civil War and why they fought as intensely and for as long as they did. The origins of this book go back many years. Drawing on some 25,000 letters and 250 diaries from 1,000 Yankee and Rebel soldiers, Pulitzer Prize—winning historian McPherson (Battle Cry of Freedom, 1989; Drawn with the Sword, 1996; etc.) For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War - Chapter 11, Vengeance Will be Our Motto Summary & Analysis James M. McPherson This Study Guide consists of approximately 28 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of For Cause and Comrades. by James M. McPherson ‧ RELEASE DATE: March 1, 1997. Christian teachings against killing proved difficult for many soldiers to reconcile with the brutality of war. For Cause and Comrades Why Men Fought in the Civil War (Book) : McPherson, James M. : General John A. Wickham, commander of the famous 101st Airborne Division in the 1970s and subsequently Army Chief of Staff, once visited Antietam battlefield. The question of “why do soldiers fight?” arises when looking at the study of warfare. Though admitting fear was regarded as shameful, all soldiers had to learn how to manage the dread and terror of combat. This “band of brothers” atmosphere motivated many to reenlist, even after years of hard fighting. Detailed Summary & Analysis Preface Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 … Chapter 3 Summary: “Anxious For The Fray” Chapter 3 outlines how men react before, during, and after battle. 1963. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War Study Guide consists of approx. Overall, the soldiers and their respective sides fought for very similar reasons and motives. [3] He stated that while the American colonists of the 1770s saw an incongruity with slave ownership and proclaiming to be fighting for liberty, the Confederates did not, as the Confederacy's overriding ideology of white supremacy negated any contradiction between the two: Unlike many slaveholders in the age of Thomas Jefferson, Confederate soldiers from slaveholding families expressed no feelings of embarrassment or inconsistency in fighting for their own liberty while holding other people in slavery. Based on an extensive survey of soldier letters and diaries, McPherson’s study explores what … 1864 was the most brutal year of fighting, and though soldier breakdown became more common, many—including early volunteers—remained ideologically committed or loyal to ideals of duty and honor, choosing to reenlist even during the war’s bloodiest phases. Get this from a library! … For Cause And Comrades Analysis. According to the School Library Journal Review, "This powerful commentary by today's premier Civil War historian is truly compelling in its depth and intensity. For Cause and Comrades: Chapter 2. On this occasion, as on subsequent visits, we finished the day by walking the ground over which Pickets s charge took place at the climax of the battle. Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. These letters were from different ranking soldiers and also from men that volunteered to fight the war and were not originally soldiers. The initial motivation the union and confederacy sustain throughout the story proves … McPherson holds that Civil War soldiers were often politically engaged when they enlisted and they remained so throughout the course of the war. At the onset of the war, most Northern soldiers fight for the restoration of the Union. He stated that although Union soldiers primarily fought to preserve the United States as a country, they fought to end slavery as well, stating that: While restoration of the Union was the main goal for which they fought, they became convinced that this goal was unattainable without striking against slavery. Of War soldiers and their respective sides Fought for very similar reasons and motives duty, important. 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