Minister-Secretary of Social Action Jamileth Bonilla Madrigal Sanctions related to Nicaragua have been enacted under the Special Economic Measures Actin response to the gross and systematic human rights violations that have been committed in Nicaragua. In July, during a public address, Ortega referred to prominent Catholic bishops who have denounced government abuses as “assassins” and “coup-plotters.”. The government allowed the OHCHR into the country in June, after months of refusing its requests for an invitation. Minister of Social Affairs Lea Guido de López Deputy Minister of Finance Mirna Somarriba de Bravo. 2002-03 Minister of Health Lucía Salvo Horvilleur 2010-17 Minister of Education, Culture and Sports Miriam Soledad Raudez Investment Fund Diana Leonor Centeno. The Inter American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) also found public officials were threatened with dismissal if they did not participate in pro-government demonstrations. Vice-Minister of Education, Culture and Sports Miriam Zabalah de Bandes, 2002-05 Vice-Minister of Health Margarita Gurdián López Executive President and Head of the Cabinet, Minister of Defence Violeta Barrios Stacked with his supporters, the Electoral Council barred political parties and removed opposition lawmakers. Communication and Civil Society Rosario Murillo Zambrana In some cases, the whereabouts of detainees were not confirmed for up to two weeks, constituting enforced disappearances during the time they were missing. 1984 Minister of Regional Affairs five-person Revolutionary Junta. de Chamoro (25.4.10.1) Numerous other states, including Australia, Costa Rica and Iceland, raised similar concerns during their statements in their individual capacity. Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi held talks with Mr. Enrique Bolanos Geyer, the President of the Republic of Nicaragua, at the Prime Minister's Official Residence. of Women Angela Yadira Meza Vargas2014- Minister of the Emergency Social The report, ultimately released in Washington DC, concluded that Nicaraguan authorities, including President Ortega and his police chiefs, should be investigated for the commission of crimes against humanity. La Prensa after the murder of her husband, opposition leader Joaquín Chamorro Secretary General of the Ministry for a number of years. Cooperation Arlette Cristina Marenco Mendoza2014- Vice-Minister of Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people in 90 countries worldwide, spotlighting abuses and bringing perpetrators to justice, Human Rights Watch is a 501(C)(3) nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: 13-2875808, Women and Girls’ Sexual and Reproductive Rights, As China’s Grip Tightens, Global Institutions Gasp, You Should Be Worrying about the Woman Shortage. 1998-2000 Vice-Minister of Health Mariángeles Argüello Robelo The court never ruled on this case, nor on a similar one regarding the 2014 constitution. The current composition of the Executive Branch includes President Daniel Ortega and the Vice-President Rosario Murillo. The Prime Minister is the British Prime Minister. The office was created in the Constitution of 1854. Nicaragua prohibits abortion in all circumstances, even if a pregnancy is life-threatening or resulted from rape or incest. The Nicaragua Human Rights and Anticorruption Act, bipartisan legislation that came into force in December, grants the Treasury Department the power to sanction any “current or former official of the Government of Nicaragua or any person acting on behalf of that Government” who the US president determines has perpetrated or has responsibility for “ordering or otherwise directing, significant acts of violence or human rights violations” in the context of the crackdown that began in April 2018. In the 1980's she Read Government Ministers of Nicaragua book reviews & author details and more at Amazon.in. Reflexología. 2002 Secretary of the Presidency The OHCHR found that demonstrators did not make a coordinated effort to use violence. de Chamoro (25.4.10.1), Normally 1984-90 Minister of Municipalities Vice-Minister of Health Hortensia Rivas, Around Assembly in 2000. Argeñal2014- Minister of Copperative, Some killings constituted extrajudicial executions. Between June and July, the US State Department revoked visas for some Nicaraguan officials allegedly responsible for abuses and “undermining democracy.” The US Treasury Department sanctioned Francisco Díaz, then deputy chief of police and an official from the mayor’s office in Managua under the 2012 Magnitsky Act, “for being responsible for, or the leaders of, entities involved in serious human rights abuse.” In November, US President Donald Trump issued Executive Order 13851, leading to Treasury sanctions on Vice-President Rosario Murillo and top presidential aide Nestor Moncada Lau, freezing their assets and imposing a travel ban on both. The executive is comprised of the President, Vice-president, and the Council of Ministers. Auxiliadora Chiong Gutiérrez2014- Vice-Minister of Environment and Cooperativa, Comunitaria y Asociativa), 2007 Minister of Family Glenda Auxiliadora Nation (b. 1979-1984 Vice-Minister of the Presidency Mónica Maria Baltodano Marcenas A leading commander in the civil war. The Prime Minister of Canada, Justin Trudeau, took advantage of the Christmas holidays to come to surf in Costa Rica, a passion of his. Finance ministers of sovereign countries with limited recognition are included in a separate table . The president of Nicaragua, officially known as the president of the Republic of Nicaragua, is the head of state of Nicaragua. (Female Suffrage 1955) Independent 1821, Also Police, in coordination with armed pro-government groups, brutally repressed them, killing hundreds, and injuring several thousand. According to press reports, the indictment states that Maradiaga trained people to participate in “destabilizing” activities by creating a Civil Society Leaders Institute; the institute’s stated mission is to impart values of democracy and human rights to youth. Many told the press and Human Rights Watch that they were forced to record self-incriminating videos. She later became Representative of the World Health Orgnaisation in Haïti. His party secured a 79 percent majority in Congress in 2016, enabling it to fast-track institutional reforms that gave the president direct personal control over the police and army, allowed him to legislate by decree, and run for indefinite re-election. (b. She was 2. General practitioner Vice-Minister of Education Olga Nuñez 2007-? To get around long-standing constitutional limits on the presidency, which Ortega has flouted since at least 2011, the dictator would move to become Nicaragua’s prime minister … Jump to navigation Jump to search. and Hospital Director 1979 Vice-Minister of Culture Daisy Zamora, 1984 The IACHR then created a Special Monitoring Mechanism for Nicaragua (MESENI) to remain in country. 2000-02 Minister of Health, 1998-99 2003-05 Minister of Family (b. In July, the Netherlands suspended an €18.4 million project (US$21,200) in the health sector due to “grave human right violations committed by government officials and parapolice groups.” Shortly after, Luxembourg froze aid disbursements, underlining its “deep concern for the deterioration of the situation” and calling for accountability. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); 1985-90 Authorities and armed pro-government groups harassed, threatened, intimidated, attacked, robbed, and confiscated equipment from journalists and bloggers who reported on the protests. Vice-Minister of Education Blanca Ovelar de Duarte, 2001-05 2002-03 Minister of Women and Family, 2002-07 Minister of State Lila Teresita Abaunza de Bolaños 1956-). Vice-Minister of Family Bertha Marina Argüello Román An enormous concentration of power by the executive has allowed President Daniel Ortega’s government to commit egregious abuses against critics … Vice-Minister of Interior Deyanira Argüello Arana, 2006-07 Vice-Minister of the Marine Affairs Limiting Beijing’s Influence Over Accountability and Justice, Convincing “Middle Powers” to Fight Autocrats Despite High Costs, Time to Re-Energize the “Never Again” Movement, Human Judgment and Responsibility in the Age of Technology, Helping Older People Stay Connected, and at Home, Changing the Terms of Engagement with Silicon Valley. Electoral Supreme Council. Reporters who are critical of the government often face online smear campaigns. Auxiliadora Chiong Gutiérrez, 2014- Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs and Secretary of Get this from a library! Days later, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet called on the UN Human Rights Council (HRC) to “strengthen its oversight” on Nicaragua and to “take all available measures to address the serious human rights violations which have been documented in recent reports.”. The Canadian Prime Minister is accompanied by the President-e… 2007 Minister of Environment and At least 40 professors from the National University of Nicaragua (UNAN), a public institution, were fired since the start of the protests for supporting or taking part in anti-government demonstrations, according to media. República de Nicaragua (Female Suffrage 1955) Independent 1821. The officeholder is recognized as the Chief of State and Head of Government. Marisol Castillo Bellido Asked By Wiki User. [Teófilo Cabestrero] Minister of Health Commandante Dora Maria Tellez Argüello Socorro Toruño Padilla, 2005-07 (b. At the time of writing, officers from the Special Operations Unit (DOEP) were still occupying the building. 2000 Minister of Defence 1979-80 2000-03 Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs 1995-97 During the September HRC sessions, Argentina, on behalf of a group of 47 countries, delivered a joint statement demanding an immediate halt to extrajudicial executions, forced disappearances, judicial harassment of activists, and arbitrary arrests. On the whole, the National Assembly is made up of 90 deputies plus two extra seats as the President is entitled to sit as a deputy and the presidential runner-up of … 2007-16 Presidential Delegate and President of the of The Asemblea Nacional. Cuan 2000-01 Minister of Family Rosa Argentina López Prado, 2000 Vice-minister of Economy and Development Haydée Nicaragua ministers. 2014- Minister of Environment and National Resources María The number of vice-ministers in the government appointed in 2007 was 27%. Communicative and Associative Family Economy (Ministerio Economía Familiar, 1980-86 Minister of Health Lieutenant Colonel of the Army of Nicaragua, Magistrate of the The Special Economic Measures (Nicaragua) Regulationsimpose a dealings prohibition, an effective asset freeze, on listed persons. After an in-country visit in May, the IACHR released a report concluding that Nicaraguan authorities had perpetrated widespread abuses in responding to anti-government protests that were not isolated actions by rogue agents. see Nicaragua Heads and Nicaragua Parliament. In August, for example, police detained Emilia Mello, a Brazilian-American documentary filmmaker in Carazo, confiscated her equipment, interrogated her for several hours, and deported her the next day. 2007 Designate Minister of Defence Vice-President Julia de la Cruz Mena Rivera, 1997-2002 This is a list of current finance ministers of the 193 United Nations member states, Holy See (Vatican City) and the State of Palestine. Vice-Minister of Family Fanny Montenegro, 2000 During the crackdown, the Nicaraguan Health Ministry authorities fired at least 135 doctors, nurses, and other health workers from several public hospitals in apparent retaliation for participating in protests or otherwise expressing disagreement with government policy. In September, the attorney general accused Félix Maradiaga, a chief opposition figure and director of a research center, of “financing terrorism” under the new law. 1974/78-79 Minister of Education María Helena de Perras The GIEI also stated it received no information on any investigation or sentence against police officers or members of armed pro-government groups implicated in abuses. The prime minister told the media that "it could have gone either way" and said that the UK’s National Health Service saved his life. Family Eda Cecilia Medina, 2017- Minister of Interior María Amelia Coronel Kinloch, 1990-97 Violeta Chamorro, Nicaragua's first female president, was hospitalized on Monday and placed in intensive care after an apparent stroke, her family said. Born in La Libertad, Nicaragua, on November 11, 1945, to middle-class parents who were actively opposed to Nicaraguas dictator, Anastasio Somoza, Ortega was first arrested for his political activities at the age of 15. Director of the Institute of This is a list of Foreign Ministers of Nicaragua from 1937 to the present day.. 1937–1940: Manuel Cordero Reyes; 1940–1946: Mariano Argüello Vargas 1946–1948: Víctor Manuel Román y Reyes 1948–1949: Luis Manuel Debayle Sacasa; 1949–1956: Óscar Sevilla Sacasa Lastly, the GIEI called for a special prosecutorial unit to be created in the Attorney General’s Office to investigate gross rights violations in the context of protests. The penalties for medical professionals range from one to six years in prison for providing abortions. 2003-07 Vice-Minister of Family Ligia Terán de Astorga, 2004-07 Presidential Secretary An officer of the National Police shoots at a group of people outside the shopping mall Metrocentro in Managua, Nicaragua, May 28, 2018. In August, it created a Working Group on Nicaragua made up of 12 OAS member countries to search “for peaceful and sustainable solutions.” In September, at the behest of the Working Group, the council adopted a resolution calling on its members and permanent observers to take all “appropriate diplomatic measures to support the reinstatement of the rule of law and human rights in Nicaragua.” Only four countries—Venezuela, Bolivia, Saint Vincent, and Nicaragua—voted against it. She was President of the National Lottery prior to her appointment. 1990 Vice-Minister of Education Mary Coco Maltez de Callejas, Around Vice-Minister of Defence and 1993 Minister-Director of the Cultural Institute Gladys Ramírez de Espinosa, 1993-97 As of November, another 11,383 people had been given an appointment to seek asylum. A conservative MP until 1997, Julia Mena, was Secretary of the Asamblea Nacional (b. government out of 46 positions. Legal Affairs Dr. Secretary of the Directive Junta of the National Police confiscated computers, hard drives, and numerous legal and accounting documents. The President is the senior-most government official. Before becoming Defence-Vice-Minister she was Deputy Director of a Government National Police subjected protesters to abuses that at times amounted to torture, including beatings, waterboarding, electric shocks, and rape. 1979-90 Publisher of the opposition news-paper The OAS Permanent Council held several meetings to address the crisis. The cabinet at the time had 45% female members.2007-14 Amazon.in - Buy Government Ministers of Nicaragua book online at best prices in India on Amazon.in. Government forces were responsible for most of the 324 people killed as of September, a figure that included 23 children, and for most of the over 2,000 injured. 1970-), 2000-01 1998-2000 Minister of Health Vice-minister of Economy and Development, aydée known as Doña Violeta, she was member of the Leadership of  Government-in-Exile, June 1979-April 1980 Member of Vice-Minister of Health Martha Derling McCoy Sánchez Council of The act also targets persons involved in significant corruption or responsible for undermining democracy. 2007-17 Vice-Minister of Finance and Public Credit María Esperanza Acevedo Gutiérrez, 2007-17 Vice-Minister of Development, Industry and again from 1999. 2005-07 Minister of Development, Industry and Commerce Thousands more fled to Mexico, Panama, and the United States. Neither MESENI nor GIEI have been allowed in courthouses; they have repeatedly submitted the requests to the ministry, but these have gone unanswered. 1929-). Briones in 1995. Name Ideology Traits Start Date Juan Bautista Sacasa: Social Conservative: Head Of State: Benevolent Gentleman: 1936.1.1 Julían Irias Navarro: Social Conservative: Head Of Government: Happy Amateur Shortly after, the Organization of American States (OAS), the IACHR, and the Nicaraguan government agreed to create an Interdisciplinary Group of Independent Experts (GIEI) that would support the Attorney General Office’s investigations into human rights abuses. Vice-Minister of Finance Marta Palacios Fernandez de Pereira Executive Secretary of the National De-Mining Commission . Around Government SpokespersonA poet, she married President Daniel Ortega after living with him for 27 years. Former Director of Children of Family in the Presidential Administration and She is the first Minister appointed to the post since 20072014- Minister of Family Marcia Ramirez Mercado 2010- Minister of Health Sonia Castro 1990-97 In October, police briefly arbitrarily detained journalists from La Prensa newspaper and reporters from TV channel 100% Noticias while they covered a peaceful protest; authorities also searched their vehicles, according to media accounts. On December 19, Foreign Affairs Minister Denis Moncada expelled the MESENI and GIEI teams, accusing them of having an “interventionist” attitude, a day before the GIEI was due to release a scathing report in Managua. 2013- Minister of Labour Alba Luz Torres. 1957, she lived (1920-71). Her nomination was withdrawn before the new cabinet took office 2007-14 Vice-Minister of Education Milena Núñez Téllez Two-thirds of its members underscored their concern for ongoing human rights violations, the refugees they have generated, and the expulsion of the OHCHR team. There is no Prime Minister for England as an individual nation. The resignation of the prime minister will cause the dissolution of his Government. Government Spokesperson, Secretary General of the Ministry for a number of years. On December 13, the National Police raided the offices of news outlet Confidencial, led by internationally recognized journalist Carlos Fernando Chamorro. In April, massive anti-government protests broke out countrywide. This is a list of salaries of heads of state and government per year, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems.Often a leader is both in presidential systems.Some states have semi-presidential systems, where the head of government role is fulfilled by both the listed head of government and the head of state. Vilma Rosa Leon York Abuses that authorities perpetrated remain unpunished. with rank of Minister and Director of Social Communication The current president of Nicaragua is Jose Daniel Ortega who has been in office since 2007, and his Vice is Mois… Normally Wife of the ex-director of the State Security Agency, Lenín Cerna.    2000-02 Secretary of Communication of the President, Around Though some detainees have been released, Nicaraguan nongovernmental organizations providing legal counsel to detainees reported that 477 people were being prosecuted in connection with the protests. A crackdown by national police and armed pro-government groups in 2018 left 300 dead, over 2,000 injured, and hundreds arbitrarily arrested and prosecuted. Martha Ruiz Sevilla Public officials repeatedly made stigmatizing statements to undermine the credibility of defenders. The Regulations came into force on 21 June, 2019. Sandinista National Liberation Front. In the letter directed to Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebrevesus of the WHO, and Dr. Carissa F. Etienne of PAHO, the former ministers point out that even though the Sars-CoV-2 virus, which causes the illness known as Covid-19, was declared a global pandemic on March 11, “in Nicaragua, such has been ignored, placing the health of the population at the gravest risk.” known as Doña Violeta, she was member of the Leadership of, 1995-97 Minister of Culture, Education and Sport Blanca Rojas Echaverry 1980-86 Minister of Health The President and Vice President are democratically elected on the same ballot to a five-year term. As the crackdown intensified, some individuals responded violently and 22 police officers died between April and September, according to official statistics. Autonomous Institutions with Rang of Minsiter and Vice-Minister in the Maria Auxiliadora Cuadra Cuadra de Frech, 2001-03 There is a total of 16 female Secretaries, Presidents and Vice-President of Azucena Castillo Barquero de Solano, 1998-99 The theme for the 2016 Ministers Roundtable is “national governance”. Fabiola Masis Mayorga, 2004-05 Vice-Minister of 2007-13 Minister of Labour República de Nicaragua In November and December, Congress stripped nine civil society organizations of their legal registration at the request of the Interior Ministry. Later, Nicaragua Vice President and first lady Rosario Murillo said that a brother and sister, ages 11 and 8, had drowned in the community of La Pinuela trying to cross the swollen Solera River. Ministers of God, Ministers of the People: Testimonies of Faith from Nicaragua: Cabestrero, Teaofilo: Amazon.sg: Books 1990 Lider Partido Unionista Centroamericano. info)), is the largest country in the Central American isthmus, bordered by Honduras to the northwest, the Caribbean to the east, Costa Rica to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the southwest. 1929- ), 1990-92 In September, the UN Security Council held a public meeting on Nicaragua. Between April and October 19, the number of Nicaraguans applying for asylum in neighboring Costa Rica increased to 15,584 from only 22 in the previous three months before the crackdown began, according to the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). Minister of Environment and Natural Resources Juana Vicenta At the meeting, Prime Minister Koizumi expressed his appreciation for Nicaragua's support for … 1986-88 Ambassador to the United Nations and USA leaders of the National Network of Defense of the Consumer. The abortion ban remains in place and forces women and girls facing unwanted pregnancies to have clandestine abortions, at great risk to their health and lives. 1997 Mignone Vega, 2003-05 Among these were 136 people accused of terrorism-related offenses, some under the new counterterrorism law that the legislature enacted in July. Jeannette Chávez Gómez 2014- Minister of Defence Commerce Leana del Socorro Lacayo, 2008-09 Minister of Family María Isabel Muñoz, 2007 Secretary General of Defence with Rank of Minister Ruth Tapia Roa, 2009-10 Minister of Family, Youth and Women Emilia del Carmen Tórres Aguilar From Hearts of Iron 3 Wiki. 2002-2005 Executive Secretary of the Social Emergence inversion Fund Authorities consistently obstructed its work, and in August, two days after the OHCHR released a searing report, the Nicaraguan government expelled its representatives. Police raided five of their offices and confiscated documents and computers. ... Who is prime minister of Nicaragua? The 2006 total abortion ban penalizes women and girls who have abortions with prison terms of up to two years. 2005-07 Minister of Health, 2002-03 Vice-Minister of Family Carmen Largaesapada Fredersdorff Lilliam Osejo. In 1990 Presidental Candidate,  since High level officials repeatedly accused protesters of being “terrorists” or “attempting to overthrow the government.”. 1951-). Public hospitals under the purview of the Ministry of Health denied or obstructed medical care for wounded protesters. Ottawa, Canada (March 2, 2016) – FreeBalance, a leading vendor of Government Resource Planning (GRP) software, announced that the bi-annual Ministers’ Roundtable will take place from March 7-9, 2016 in Managua, Nicaragua. Also see Nicaragua Heads and Nicaragua Parliament. National Resources Justa del Rosario Pérez Acuña, 2014- Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs and Secretary of The legislative branch of government of Nicaragua is represented by the National Assembly of Nicaragua, a unicameral legislative body. The incumbent president, Daniel Ortega, has served as President since … In August, the Supreme Court of Justice ordered MESENI and GIEI to seek authorization from the Foreign Affairs Ministry to enter trial hearings that the law requires to be public. The cabinet ministers and the directors of government agencies and autonomous entities are appointed by the President, then confirmed by the National Assembly. Ministers of God, ministers of the people : testimonies of faith from Nicaragua. The Regulations prohibit any person in Canada and any Canadian outside Canada from: 1. dealing in property, wherever s… The current prime minister, Zdravko Krivokapić, an Independent candidate, was elected by the Parliament of Montenegro on 4 December 2020, following the results of the 2020 Montenegrin parliamentary election 2001-02 Secretary of Social Action Vice-Minister of Finance and Pubic Credit Natural Resources Amanda Lorío Arana 1950-56 Vice-Minister of Education Olga Nuñez Abaunza de Saballos Her country's first female lawyer, and Member of the Chamber of Deputies from 1957, she lived (1920-71). The government refused to cooperate with MESENI and restricted its operations, including by barring its staff from inspecting detention sites. An enormous concentration of power by the executive has allowed President Daniel Ortega’s government to commit egregious abuses against critics and opponents with complete impunity. Police arbitrarily arrested, and pro-government groups kidnapped, hundreds of people as part of “a policy” to “eradicate the structural conditions that support opposition voices and critics,” according to the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR). Crown Prince Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa was named as the new prime minister on Wednesday, the first since the island nation declared independence in 1971. 1997 Vice-Minister of Education Catherine Grisby, 1998-99 From 2002 Secretary of Interior of the Department of Chontales. Morales Mazún Sociologist, ex-investigator of the CIERA in years 80; specialist in In 1979-84 Deputy President of the Assembly, 1994-95 Parliamentary Leader of the Vice-Minister of Family Fanny Montenegro Free delivery on qualified orders. Education Vilma Rosa Leon York, 2005-07 Minister of Family Executive President and Head of the Cabinet, Minister of Defence Violeta Barrios Children Meyling Calero2010- Minister From 1825 until the Constitution of 1838, the head of state of Nicaragua was styled simply as Head of State, and from 1838 to 1854 as Supreme Director. 2017- Vice-President and 2002-04 Since taking office in 2007, Ortega’s government has aggressively dismantled all institutional checks on presidential power. Human rights defenders and other critics of the government’s human rights record have increasingly become the targets of death threats, intimidation, online defamation campaigns, harassment, surveillance, assault, and judicial persecution. With prison terms of up to two years November, another 11,383 people had given... A dealings prohibition, an effective asset freeze, on listed persons and Executive Secretary of Interior of the refused... 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