Also of concern to WHO officials are accelerating outbreaks in Peru, Chile, El Salvador, Guatemala and Nicaragua. With about 730,000 cases , out of 5 million globally and more than 39,500 deaths from COVID-19 reported as of May 25, Latin America has outpaced Europe and the United States in the number of daily infections. These include: To attain the goal of elimination of Chagas disease transmission and provide health care for infected or   people suffering from the disease, both in endemic and non-endemic territories, WHO aims to increase networking at the global level and About 6 million to 7 million people worldwide are estimated to be infected with Trypanosoma cruzi, the parasite that causes Chagas disease. © 1998-2019 Zee Media Corporation Ltd (An Essel Group Company), All The latest IHME model projections see deaths rising to nearly 12,000 in Chile, 7,000 in Mexico, 6,000 in Ecuador, 5,500 in Argentina and to 4,500 in Colombia by August. At the same time, a series of additional challenges have to be faced. Trypanosoma cruzi infection is curable if treatment is initiated soon after infection. Both medicines are nearly 100% effective in curing the disease if given soon after infection at the onset of the acute phase including the cases of congenital transmission. "In South America, we are particularly concerned that the number of new cases reported last week in Brazil was the highest for a seven-day period, since the outbreak began," said Carissa Etienne, director of the Washington-based Pan American Health Organization (PAHO). Ravasi G(1), Jack N, Alonso Gonzalez M, Sued O, Pérez-Rosales MD, Gomez B, Vila M, Riego Ad, Ghidinelli M. Author information: (1)Pan American Health Organization, Brasilia, Brazil. Today the region is home to half the 10 countries with the highest total cases around the globe. ravasigi@paho.org Am J Med. people live in urban settings (urbanization) and the disease has been increasingly detected in the United States of America, Canada, and many European and some African, Eastern Mediterranean and Western Pacific countries. The initial acute phase lasts for about 2 months after infection. Malik LH, et al. In the past decades, however, it has been increasingly detected in the United States of America, Canada, and many European and some Western Pacific countries. With about 730,000 cases , out of 5 million globally and more than 39,500 deaths from COVID-19 reported as of May 25, Latin America has outpaced Europe and the United States in the number of daily infections. President Donald Trump has announced that he is terminating the country’s relationship with the World Health Organization. Blood screening is vital to prevent infection through transfusion and organ transplantation. The main route of transmission (vector-borne transmission) has occurred in Latin America through the insect called triatomine bug, which can carry the Trypanosoma cruzi. Additionally, they can present fever, headache, enlarged lymph glands, pallor, muscle pain, difficulty Chagas disease was once entirely confined to the Region of the Americas – principally Latin America – but in the last decades, due to population movements, most infected people live in urban settings (urbanization) and the disease has spread to other continents. doi: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2015.04.036. Vector control has been the most effective method of prevention in Latin America. Current health expenditure (% of GDP) - Latin America & Caribbean from The World Bank: Data Learn how the World Bank Group is helping countries with COVID-19 (coronavirus). strengthening world epidemiological surveillance and information systems; raising awareness about Chagas disease and  affected populations; preventing transmission by blood transfusion and organ transplantation; promoting the identification of most adequate diagnostic tests and algorithms/protocols to increase screening and diagnosis of infections; expanding primary prevention of congenital transmission and case management of congenital and non-congenital infections; and. In other cases the potential benefits of medication in preventing or delaying the development of Chagas disease should In later years the infection can lead to sudden death due to cardiac arrhythmias or progressive heart failure caused by the destruction of the heart muscle and its nervous system. of people simultaneously with more frequent cases of severe disease and higher number of deaths); blood or blood product transfusion from infected donors; passage from an infected mother to her newborn during pregnancy or childbirth; organ transplants using organs from infected donors; and. Latin America Health Organization Alcohol News; Latin America Health Organization Career News; Latin America Health Organization Depression News; Latin America Health Organization … "Both Peru and Chile are also reporting a high incidence, a sign that transmission is still accelerating in these countries," she said at a weekly briefing. Chagas disease was once entirely confined to continental rural areas of the Region of the Americas – principally Latin America (not in the Caribbean islands). The parasites enter the body when the person instinctively smears the bug faeces or urine into the bite, the eyes, the mouth, or into Other routes of transmission include: oral (food-borne) transmission, blood/blood products transfusion, mother-to-child (congenital) and organ transplantation transmissions or even laboratory accident transmission. What has been achieved in Latin America? alterations. Instead, the control targets are elimination of the transmission and early health-care access of the infected and ill population. WHO Says the Americas Are New COVID-19 Epicenter as Deaths Surge in Latin America By Reuters , Wire Service Content May 26, 2020 By Reuters , Wire Service Content May … Pan American Health Organization warned countries against rushing to … rights reserved. Founded in 1902, it is the world’s oldest international public health agency. where it has been mostly transmitted to humans by contact with faeces or urine of triatomine bugs (vector-borne), known as 'kissing bugs', among many other popular names, depending on the geographical area. It serves as the Regional Office of WHO for the Americas and is the specialized health agency of the Inter-American system. This report is powered by InstantAtlas™ Data Visualization & Presentation Software in breathing, swelling, and abdominal or chest pain. Reuters than 50% of people bitten by a triatomine bug, characteristic first visible signs can be a skin lesion or a purplish swelling of the lids of one eye. promoting consensus on adequate updated case management; and. In chronic patients, antiparasitic treatment can potentially prevent or curb disease progression and prevent transmission, for instance, mother-to-child infection. stirs a furore on social media, Uighur alarm: Huawei worked with companies to build tools that track people by ethnicity. Chagas disease presents itself in 2 phases. “Now is not the time for countries to ease restrictions,” Carissa Etienne, WHO director for the Americas and head of the Pan American Health Organization, said via videoconference. Since the 1990s there have been important successes in parasite and vector control in Latin America, in the territories of the Southern Cone, Central America, Andean Pact and Amazonian Intergovernmental Initiatives, with the Pan American Health Organization Chagas disease is a complex socio-economic, environmental (multidimensional) health problem and its different dimensions linked in a gearing mechanism justify the necessity of multi-sectorial approaches. 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