The binomial name of axolotl is Ambystoma mexicanum. A Natural History of Amphibians. Nowadays, it is critically endangered in the wild because of the pollution and urban sprawl that threaten its habitat in the Mexican Basin. Photograph by Joel Sartore, National Geographic Photo Ark, An axolotl photographed at Detroit Zoo in Michigan, WATCH: Named for an Aztec God, the Axolotl is Critically Endangered, https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/amphibians/a/axolotl.html. They are considered a critically endangered species. Come with us on an unforgettable journey behind the scenes during a SeaWorld or Busch Gardens Camp. The scientific name of Axolotl is Ambystoma mexicanum. Although colloquially known as a "walking fish", the axolotl is not a fish but an amphibian. This ability is … The strange thing about this amphibian is that it grows to adulthood without undergoing metamorphosis. andrewburgess / Getty Images. Axolotls are unusual among amphibians in that they reach adulthood without undergoing metamorphosis. This plant is widely available so you can easily find it in your local fish store or online. Xolotl is a dog-headed Aztec deity who was believed to have transformed himself into a salamander to hide. 2020 National Geographic Partners, LLC. There is some debate regarding the origin of the name, however. However, the axolotl is fully capable of complete limb re-growth. When it comes to evolution a lot of people wonder what the Axolotl evolved from. Download free teacher guides to keep students learning in a hands-on way: includes vocabulary, classroom activities, goals and objectives. Axolotls have different colors such as white, brown, tan, gray, golden albino, white albino, and blue. Biology's Beloved Amphibian--the Axolotl--Is Racing toward Extinction. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. This web site is devoted to the Axolotl (pronounced Ax-oh-lot-ul), scientific name Ambystoma mexicanum. The species was originally found in several lakes, such as Lake Xochimilco underlying Mexico City. Although abundant in captivity, the salamander has nearly disappeared from its natural habitat—and that is a … The axolotl (pronounced ACK-suh-LAH-tuhl) salamander has the rare trait of retaining its larval features throughout its adult life. Crazy about roller coasters? The people of SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment are truly and deeply driven to inspire on behalf of, to celebrate and connect with, and to care for the natural world we all share. Xolotl was a god with a dog head, he is the god of grims, and everything that is depressing or gloomy. The axolotl is an amphibian native to central Mexico specifically to the high altitude, fresh water lakes Xochimilco and Chalco south of Mexico City. Its scientific name is “Ambystoma mexicanum” also known as the “Mexican walking fish”. Stebins and Cohen. Axolotls have a life span of about 10 years. If axolotls spend prolonged periods of time in shallow water, their gills may be absorbed and they can begin using their lungs on land. Even the name Axolotl means water dog after the myth of Xolotl and his brother. 0. Siren axolotl (Wagler, 1830) Amblystoma weismanni Wiedersheim, 1879 : Siredon edule Dugès, 1888 : Common Name(s): Axolotl [English] Salamandra ajolote [Spanish] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: valid Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Herpetologists, however, have restricted the name … Its scientific name is Ambystoma mexicanum; its common name rhymes with “packs a bottle.”Axolotls lent themselves well to study in … Its name in Spanish is Axolote or Ajolote (a-ho-lotae) and its scientific name is Ambystoma Mexicanum. Halliday, Tim R. and Kraig Adler (eds.). Populations are in decline as the demands of nearby Mexico City have led to the draining and contamination of much of the waters of the Xochimilco Lake complex. While the size of Axolotls varies from 20 to 30 cm, they weigh about 300g. Beringer and Johnson. Biology of the Amphibians. It can spend all its life and breed in the larval state without ever going to adult stage! You will also find information about the Tiger Salamander, Ambystoma tigrinum and Ambystoma mavortium spp., because these animals are closely related. Common Names: Axolotl, Mexican walking fish. One derivation of the name 'axolotl' references the Aztec god Xolotl, the god of games who could turn himself into an axolotl to escape his enemies. In extremely rare cases, an axolotl will progress to maturity and emerge from the water, but by and large, they are content to stay on the bottom of Xochimilco’s lakes and canals. 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