Trees are amazing. Our California Tree List includes many of the trees that have been successful in our own landscapes. Its foliage is dark green and highly aromatic. They include conifers such as fir (Abies spp.) However, the features of certain trees might be too messy for your taste, dropping seeds, flowers, fruits, and more. Just be ready to repot your tree into a larger container every other year or so. I'll try to cover the basics so you can get a feel for what is native in the state and what you can choose from in the trade. 3. 17. The paper-bark maple, Acer griseum, is a slow-growing small tree with dark green leaves that turn a rich, crimson colour in autumn.Once the leaves have fallen, its trunk and stems provide winter interest, as the chestnut- coloured bark peels away to reveal the new, orange-red bark beneath. It can be grown in a large container or near a deck or patio. Eat small berries from trees and bushes. Remove dead, diseased, or damaged branches as you spot them, and prune for shape if you wish. More than 800 miles long and with many varied climates, California is home to an abundant diversity of evergreen trees, of both broad-leafed and needle-leafed types. Also, extensive pruning usually isn’t necessary, though you can prune for shape if you wish in the early spring. Lightly prune the tree as needed in the early spring for the best blooming. This large, handsome tree … #dwarf #trees #evergreen #flowering Shaping by pruning may be necessary. So prune your tree to slightly thin the branches and improve air circulation, which can help to prevent these problems. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Because pines are evergreen, they give you something green to look at on your patio throughout the year. Chaste Tree. Zones: 6 to 9. The New Sunset Western Garden Book; Kathleen Norris Brenzel, Editor. The striking silhouettes of palm trees are perfect for instantly adding a look of the tropics to your patio or deck. But there are many small trees that should suit your space. Besides being absolutely gorgeous, wisteria can be trained as a vine, shrub, or small tree. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Japanese Maple (Acer palmatum or A. japonicum). SHOP NOW "One of the best trees for a small space has to be a Japanese maple," Karam says. Photo by Greg Gillson. Several species are suitable for patios or decks, including lacebark pine (Pinus bungeana), evergreen Swiss stone pine (Pinus cembra), and evergreen Japanese red pine (Pinus densiflora). A chaste tree is a Mediterranean and Asian native with multiple trunks that can be trained to make a nice shade tree. Windblown branches, sometimes spreading as wide as the tree is high, characterize Monterey cypress (Hesperocyparis macrocarpa), growing on the California coast up to 65 feet in USDA zones 7 through 10. Other suitable varieties for patio areas include: snow pear (Pyrus nivalis), Manchurian pear (Pyrus ussuriensis), edgedell pear (fl x P. betulaefolia), 'Glen’s Form' (Pyrus calleryana ‘Glen’s Form’), and 'Jack' flowering pear (Pyrus calleryana 'Jaczam'). If you live in USDA Zones 3 through 9, at least one little variety is an option for you. Avoid excessive fertilization, as this can promote leaf growth over blooming. Crepe myrtle trees (or shrubs) are well known in the southern United States for their showy pinkish blooms, gorgeous bark, and beautiful fall foliage. From a single small seed or nut can grow a relatively enormous solar-powered, air-purifying, hydraulic machine that produces everything it … Leaves of the chaste are aromatic, and it produces small, fragrant lavender-blue flowers on spikes during the summer and fall. Kathleen Miller is a Master Gardener and Horticulturist with over 30 years experience in gardening and sustainable farming. The smoke tree, also referred to as the smoke bush, is known for its stunning dark reddish-purple leaves and silky hairs that resemble puffs of smoke. They must be moved indoors for the winter in zones 8 and below. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. The cultivar Bubba is upright in form and has profuse, long-lasting blooms. In the open, it is symmetrical and treelike. There are Acacias that have a predictable lifespan of 10-15 years, more and then you are living on borrowed time. Crabapple trees are somewhat drought tolerant once they’re mature, but don’t let their soil dry out. Giant sequoia is the world's largest living organism, with the largest trees growing more than 250 feet tall -- one large specimen has a trunk circumference of 1024 inches and a crown 106 feet wide. Fertilizer usually isn’t necessary unless you have poor soil. The hairs turn pink and then purple as summer progresses. Tolerant of drought and able to grow in both acidic and alkaline soil, Monterey cypress can be invasive in some areas. And, in many cases, trees offer us colorful, fragrant collections of flowers, too. Also, fertilize them throughout the growing season. Native Californian fir trees grow much taller than Monterey cypress, with 200-foot varieties including grand fir (Abies granis), which grows in USDA zones 6 through 9, and noble fir (Abies procera), which grows in USDA zones 6 through 8. It is a small flowering desert tree that can reach a height of 15 feet. In large containers, consider growing evergreen Mugo pine (Pinus mugo) or evergreen Japanese black pine (Pinus thunbergiana). Subscribe to our channel! Moreover, it’s recommended to repot them every two to three years into a slightly larger container. Also, join members of the SoCal Connected team on Saturday, April 23 at Woodley Park in Van Nuys where we will help the U.S. Forest Service plant trees. In California, Northern Mockingbirds are resident, except they are absent in conifer forests and mountains. Small trees on patios or decks can serve as natural focal points, add privacy, frame views, provide shade, and even bear fruit. The tree is dependable, medium size and perfectly suited to California gardens. Another tree hailing from Australia, the bracelet honey-myrtle (Melaleuca armillaris) is a fast-growing, but small evergreen tree. Evergreen oaks, called live oaks, grow throughout California. They boldly defend their nests from other birds, cats, and intruders. Alternatively, choose Anjou or Bartlett if you have room for only one tree, as these varieties are able to pollinate themselves to some degree. A knowledgeable landscape designer can help to determine the perfect spot to plant this flowering tree on your Southern California property. The best varieties of Japanese maples for containers are the kinds with weeping branches and finely cut, threadlike leaves. Height: Up to 35 feet Native to the Central Coast of California and to Southern California, the coast live oak, which grows to 65 feet in USDA zones 9 through 10, has evergreen foliage and the spreading, near-horizontal branches typical of all oaks. You’ll usually find it growing in a sprawling, crooked form along streams or under the shade of much taller trees. Persimmon bark is gray or black and distinctly blocky with orange in the cracks between the blocks. In a big garden, several trees can form a row in the background. To find the right tree for your space, first consider its mature height and width. Sweet bay is a small, slender evergreen with a conical form. California's state tree, coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens), reaches up to 100 feet tall, and grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 10 along the California coast, while giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum), its close relative, grows on mountain slopes in USDA zones 6 through 9. More than just a wholesale tree grower, The Jonsteen Company is known for creatively packaging trees for a variety of markets and purposes; for teaching about trees and their many benefits to people and the planet; and for supporting, in perpetuity, the folks giving, selling, and growing its trees. These trees will create a beautiful purple-blue carpet underneath after blossoms fall. There are also many smaller trees, such as 'Acoma', 'Yuma', 'Zuni', 'Catawba', 'Comanche', 'Hopi', 'Centennial', 'Chica Pink', 'Chica Red', 'Glendora White', 'Peppermint Lace', 'Pink Velour', 'Seminole', and 'White Chocolate' varieties. Find out which plants can be used for hedges in landscaping, ornamental gardening, or can be grown in pots. This includes the 'Dissectum', 'Red Dragon', 'Burgundy Lace', 'Crimson Queen', 'Butterfly', and 'Mikawa Yatsubusa' varieties. So it's important to know all of a tree's traits, as well as whether it thrives in your climate, before committing. In cooler coastal zones, ‘Fuji’ and ‘Gala’ grow well; inland try ‘Beverly Hills’. Happily, many varieties are drought-resistant – good news for water-parched northern California University of California The California Garden Web: What Is My Climate Zone? Ficus benjamina, or weeping fig, makes a versatile patio plant that transitions easily from indoors to outdoors. Water your tree during prolonged dry spells, and fertilize annually if your soil is poor. 1) is also known as bay laurel, California bay, California olive, myrtle, Oregon myrtle, and pepperwood. The two common species are Chinese wisteria (Wisteria sinensis) and Japanese wisteria (W. floribunda). With frequent pruning, you can keep a pine small if you wish. The Camphor tree is one of the best shade trees for Southern California homes because it reaches an ultimate height of around 50 to 60 feet. Except for cleaning up the messy fruit if it falls on a patio or sidewalk, persimmon maintenance is quite easy and it could be planted more. Also, they generally require little pruning outside of removing dead, damaged, or diseased branches. Moreover, the tree is heat-tolerant and resistant to oak root fungus. The leaves are the same bay leaves that are used in many types of cooking. Ornamental crabapple plants are admired more for their brief but lovely display of red, pink, or white flowers than for their edible fruits. Give deer grass plenty of space to show off its lovely fountain habit of 3- to 6-foot flowering stems. This plant tolerates heat and is resistant to oak root fungus. Susan Lundman began writing about her passions of cooking, gardening, entertaining and recreation after working for a nonprofit agency, writing grants and researching child development issues. It also is aromatic and flowers in the springtime. Want to see more Southern Living videos? Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Trees are a thought to the future, but not always for as long as one might think. Canyon live oak is similar in size and shape to coast live oak, but is native to the foothills and desert mountains of California in USDA zones 8 through 10. Wisteria can also be grown to cover an arbor or pergola. The tree, 125 feet (38 m) tall and more than 25 feet (7.6 m) in circumference, was listed on the American Forests National Big Tree list, a register of the biggest trees by species in the United States. 3. Discover 17 new dwarf trees perfect for small spaces and porches. Trees come in every imaginable size, shape, color, and detail from leaf shape to branch and bark structure. In addition to European fan palms, there are several other species suitable for small spaces, including the pygmy date palm (Phoenix roebelenii), paradise palm (Howea forsteriana), lady palm (Rhapis excelsa), Chinese fan palm (Livistona chinensis), and windmill palm (Trachycarpus fortunei). More than 800 miles long and with many varied climates, California is home to an abundant diversity of evergreen trees, of both broad-leafed and needle-leafed types. It is hardy only to zone 10 but can be brought outside in cold-winter climates after the threat of spring frost has passed. 216 trees native to California Options. California native plants are plants that existed in California prior to the arrival of European explorers and colonists in the late 18th century. Northern Mockingbird. Mature Height: 10 to 20 feet Dwarf Height: 3 to 4 feet Zones: 7–9 The chaste tree (Vitex agnus-castus) grows to 10 ft. or 20 ft. tall and produces lavender-purple flowers in early or mid-spring.The flowers give off a spicy aroma and the leaves smell faintly of sage. Fertilize your palm throughout the growing season, and prune off dead or diseased portions as you spot them. Lundman received her M.A. The trunk grows wide making it a sturdy tree. A Golden State native, California laurel (Umbellularia californica) grows slowly, eventually reaching up to 65 feet tall in USDA zones 7 through 9. This tree is native to the Pacific Northwest, from northern California to British Columbia. And if you plan to grow your tree in a container, make sure you'll be able to repot it whenever the roots need more space. Native trees of California. Choose from dwarf flowering trees, vibrant evergreens, or yummy trees that produce fruit. Leaves of the chaste are aromatic, and it produces small, fragrant flowers on spikes during the summer and fall. The trees are susceptible to a disease called fire blight, so it’s important to promptly prune off infected portions to help stop the spread. When it reaches the desired height, prune or pinch the branch tips to force more branching. It’s part of a study to find out what types of trees survive best in Southern California. Also, note whether its roots tend to crack or lift up pavement, which wouldn't be ideal right next to a patio. Also known as flowering crabapple trees, the varieties suitable for large containers include 'Centurion', 'Indian magic', Japanese (M. floribunda), and Sargent (M. sargentii). Native to most of California — except the northwestern region and the northern and central coast ranges — into Texas and Mexico A tough and tawny workhorse of the garden, deer grass fills in quickly to provide a sense of drama. Native evergreens include those that grow in the mountains, woodlands, valleys, deserts and coastlines. Planted in the garden, it is drought-tolerant. as well as broad-leafed evergreens such as the canyon live oak (Quercus chrysolepis) and coast live oak (Quercus agrifolia). With the increasing frequency of wildfires in California, the need to conserve water is even more critical. Also, be sure not to overwater, as this can kill a palm. Leaves are linear blue green and turn golden in the fall. - http://goo.gl/JJ5WqY Don't let square footage keep you from a beautiful garden. Selecting plants suited to the Northern California climate is a key step to success. Kumquats have beautiful dark green leaves and pretty orange flowers that turn into tangy edible fruit. Plus, they maintain some shade and privacy year-round. Landscapers are increasingly turning to drought-tolerant landscaping as a way to preserve resources and save costs. But you can add a layer of compost to promote blooming and healthy growth. This small tree's bright green leaves and twisty, arching branches make it an eye-catching feature in any location. The showy flowers are pink and white. A plant's performance is governed by many climate related factors including the length of the growing season, the amount of rainfall, winter lows, summer highs, wind or humidity. Annual pruning during the late winter is recommended to maintain its shape. Native to the Central Coast of California and to Southern California, the coast live oak, which grows to 65 feet in USDA zones 9 through 10, has evergreen foliage and the spreading, near-horizontal branches typical of all oaks. Your ficus will benefit from monthly fertilization during the growing season, but then you can back off the fertilizer in the winter. Fir trees are native to the middle to higher elevations or higher rainfall areas of California. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Small, flowering Prunus trees are variously called cherry or plum trees. California Current Location. This tree can also be pruned into a shrub. Japanese maple trees are naturally small (up to about 15 feet tall) and work well in the ground or in containers. Small flowering cherry trees include purple leaf sand cherry (Prunus x cistena), Yoshino cherry (Japanese flowering cherry; Prunus x yedoensis), 'Albertii' (Prunus padus), and 'Okame' (Prunus incisa x Prunus campanulata). They are suitable for large containers or raised beds. Bracelet Honey-Myrtle. But you should water it during prolonged dry spells. In the ground, they can grow to a mature size of 8 feet tall and 6 feet wide; container-grown trees are generally much smaller. "The striking foliage, the graceful shape, the architecture of the branches in winter. Handsome tree … trees are native to that location enter a California address to see trees native to Northern. Future, but then you can grow full-size varieties in large containers ; they will reach about feet... Summer and fall determine the perfect garden with our new interactive map yummy trees that are for! Drought tolerant once they ’ re mature, but not always for as long one... 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