Cottage Cheese and Creamed Cottage Cheese. Instructions for sampling is found in the IOM or as follows: Restrict sampling during inspections to instances where there is a clear-cut food additive violation. greater pressure on the pasteurized side than on the raw side at all times. Evaluate the handling and treatment of the condenser cooling water. Sifter screens should be easily removable and maintained in a clean condition. To assist states and municipalities in initiating and maintaining effective programs for prevention of milkborne diseases, the Public Health Service developed (in 1924) a model regulation known as the Standard Milk Ordinance for voluntary adoption by state and local milk control agencies. Bulk Containers - Collect samples from bulk containers using aseptic technique. Sample the square root of the number of containers in the lot but not less than 6, nor more than 18 in duplicate (minimum sub size is 8 oz). The moisture exhaust should be so arranged to control back-flow of air, material or condensation . Determine how long milk is held prior to and after pasteurization. Tank trucks used to transport raw milk should be constructed and operated to protect their contents from contamination and temperature extremes. Check the firm's quality control records for drug residues in milk. Vitamin Determination - Sample only fortified NFDM products that provide at least 500 USP units (IUs) of Vitamin A and 100 USP units (IUs) of Vitamin D, in 8 ozs. Are the filters reusable or disposable? Rollers and collectors should be located in a room separated from other operations to prevent airborne contamination. (PMO, Part II, Section 7, Item 5p). Refer to IOM Subchapter 530 for general instructions on food inspections. All milk must meet the following quality standard: less than 1 million Somatic Cell Count (SCC); less than 1,000,000 STD Plate Count (commingled milk). If the firm furnishes employees disposable clothing for these areas, it should be used. The suitability of finished product containers. of perchloroethylene in a quart jar. Tank trucks should be washed and sanitized after each use. For example, can water used to produce vacuum be back siphoned into the plant's water supply? In addition to applicable CFR references, the PMO can be used as an inspectional guide to cover specific operations in the dairy industry, including pasteurization equipment, packaging, quality control and record keeping requirements. Find dairy plants in the United States that manufacturer Butter in the dairy processing industry. As an additional service to the U.S. dairy exporting community, Chile is now part of the Dairy Program’s Electronic Document Creation System (eDOCs), enabling trade to be more efficient between the two countries. Review the volume control records on the use of vitamins. If they re not, collect at least eight (8) 1 quart subs from various portions or layers. Provide timely and accurate market information on milk and dairy products through the Dairy Market News and Dairy Product Mandatory Reporting Program. The addition of such salts as magnesium chloride to milk or cream after pasteurization. FDA's primary function under the Federal/State Milk Safety Cooperative Program (IMS Grade A products) is to provide technical assistance to the states in the implementation and enforcement of their milk regulations. Report the amount of milk which an exhibit represents. pumps, valves, thermometers, etc.) (PMO, Part II, Section 7, Item 16p (A) (3)). USDA Food Surveys Research Group; Macronutrients. Obtain sources of Vitamins A & D and other optional ingredients. Review state regulatory tests of HTST pasteurization units to determine if proper tests have been completed at the required frequency. Verify the product is held at the minimum pasteurization temperature continuously for a minimum of 30 minutes. and temperatures at each point of the process should be collected as an exhibit. Since post-pasteurization contamination is the most common cause for contaminated dairy products, conduct a thorough review of the packaging process while in operation, including: The firm should have quality control procedures for inspection of equipment that is cleaned in place as well as for equipment that is hand cleaned. NOTE: A churn mark is an identification of each batch made. Cheddar, Similar Type Semi-Hard and Hard Cheese. (PMO, Appendix H, IV). Inspect the pasteurized product areas first and then the raw product handling areas. Proper analysis conducted semi-annually (if applicable). Checlk List for H.T.S.T. The list below comprises a large set of the pests and diseases we regulate, monitor, or manage. In the past, use of unpasteurized milk was justified on the belief that the curing process inactivated all pathogens. Ascertain the duties of the field man, determine whether his primary job is to have filtered milk delivered to the plant or to improve the sanitary conditions under which the milk is produced. If cooling water is circulated over a cooling tower, evaluate the potential for Salmonella and other bacterial contamination. Review results of the required annual vitamin assay. Check construction of the HTST pasteurization unit. Do not routinely sample dry milk products labeled with a USDA shield unless used as a raw material, and there is reason to suspect contamination or adulteration, or a direct observation of contamination was made during inspection or investigating a consumer complaint. Follow the official AOAC method in sampling cheese. The dairy plants listed in this publication are inspected at least twice yearly by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). Normally this will consist of a hard cover "box" or plate which is rendered tamper evident by means of wire thread with lead crimps. NCIMS Memorandums to supplement the PMO and related documents. Consider the following: Determine plant policy on visitors and personnel traffic through processing and storage areas. If possible, each subsample should represent one such code (vat). With permission of management, when system is in forward flow, actuate manual divert switch and observe operation. Develop dairy grade standards used in the grading appraisal process. Heat treatment is used to control undesirable bacteria which might compete with the starter cultured, or if uncontrolled, cause foodborne illnesses and/or poor quality cheese (e.g. Compare and note discrepancies. They must not have porcelain or absorbent lined caps. (PMO, Part II, Section 7, Item 16p (A)) as follows: Outlet valve is close coupled and leak detector type. FDA is responsible for direct inspectional coverage of all non-grade A products shipped in interstate commerce which include: Milk & Milk Products, Butter, Dried Milk Products, Cheese & Cheese Products, Ice Cream & Related Products (frozen desserts), Filled Milk & Imitation Milk Products. This annual summary contains revised production by month of butter, cheese, frozen dairy products, evaporated, condensed, and dry milk and whey products; shipments and stocks of dry milk and whey products for major states, the U.S. and for the West, Central, and Atlantic regions. Plant approval is determined by unannounced inspections covering more than 100 items, including milk supply, plant facilities, condition of equipment, sanitary practices, and processing procedures. Determine the disposition of powder and dust collected during plant cleanup. Evaluate sampling, test procedures and results of incoming raw milk, pasteurized milk, base powder, and other ingredients. Always wear a clean lab coat or clean white coveralls when inspecting a dairy processing plant. (PMO, Part II, Section 7, Item 16p (A)(5)). If filthy cream is being used or if plant insanitary conditions result in demonstrable contamination of the cream, collect exhibits from in-line filters, clarifiers, dump screens, flies floating in vat cream, etc. Post-pasteurization contamination must be given close scrutiny. To be included, a pest must: meet the International Plant Protection Convention’s definition of a ‘regulated pest’ be a quarantine pest for all or parts of the United States CIP solution completely drained prior to packaging. The balance tank should be of proper design and construction. If milk found to contain drug residues has been used, determine the ultimate disposition and follow up. Identify and handle these samples separately from any other samples collected to demonstrate plant conditions. Although cheese standards allow the use of unpasteurized milk provided the cheese is aged at not less than 35oF for 60 days (longer for some cheese), utilization of unpasteurized milk should be considered potentially hazardous. Instantizing equipment should be disassembled sufficiently to render all product contact surfaces accessible to cleaning and sanitizing on regular basis. (21 CFR 133). Positive phosphatase test results do not always indicate a milk pasteurization problem. Home » Information Center » Food and Nutrition Information Center » Nutrient Lists from Standard Reference Legacy (2018) Nutrient Lists from Standard Reference Legacy (2018) Nutrient Lists are available in the following static formats: Adobe portable document format (pdf), comma separated values (csv) and Microsoft Office Excel (xlsx) Small amounts may be drawn into the systems during operation. If the product is hard, heat the trier until the temperature can just be borne by the hand. Review the recording charts for the following information: (PMO, Part II, Section 7, item 16p(E)(1)(b)). Also, the entire sub may be taken from one cheese, or distributed among several cheeses of the same code, whichever is least objectionable to the dealer. Determine the time-temperature used for pasteurization and the cut-in/cut-out temperature for each pasteurization unit. Containers and caps originate from an approved source (see IMS Quarterly Listing). This list is available through the Export Library or can be requested from FSIS at (202) 720-0082 or (855) 444-9904. In addition to the instructions and information provided in IOM Subchapter 530 regarding food inspections, direct attention to the following areas when conducting inspections of cheese producers. 21 CFR Sections 1/10; 101; 108; 113; 131; 133; 173.310; and 178.1010. Pesticides - See IOM Sample Schedule Chart 3 - Pesticides. Develop Dairy Economic Analysis for multiple Dairy Program, industry, and USDA … Check for evidence of milk leaking from the pasteurizer, piping and other processing equipment. Report whether the product is firm or leaky. During 2015, dairy products valued at more than $68 million were exported from the U.S. to Chile. There should be pressure gauges and adequate pressure controls installed to insure at least 1 lb. Evaluate the source and nature of the water supply and any subsequent treatment. Verify that needed corrections were made. Be sure reagents are satisfactory by conducting tests in the District's Laboratory on 0.5% raw milk in pasteurized milk and on pasteurized milk before use in the field. These procedures affect cheese quality by removing sediment, debris, body cells from the cow's udder (somatic cells), some bacteria, etc. Federal Import Milk Act Regulations, 21 CFR, Part 1210. for WIA and Butyric Acid Test, 1/2 pound for 702(b) requirements and 1 lb. Proper use requires flushing these agents from the system. (PMO, Part II, Section 7, Item 16p (D)). All circuits washed daily or as required by use; and. Be alert for condensate formation throughout the plant and for optimum moisture and temperature conditions conducive to Salmonella growth in static material. Note: See Attachment 4 for eggnog. Seal each jar individually. non-potable water or cooling media, i.e. Air temperature at critical points, i.e., entering and leaving drying chamber. Indicating, recording and air space thermometers comply with PMO, Part II, Section 7, Item 16p (A) and Item 16p(A)(1)(2). This guide is basically an update of information published in the 1992 edition of the IOM regarding the inspection of dairy product manufacturers and milk safety state cooperative program. If direct injection into product, steam should be properly filtered, piped and trapped. When the lot to be sampled cannot be thoroughly mixed with a dairy stirrer, mechanical mixing is necessary. FDA's "Frozen Dessert Processing Guidelines.". which is more heat resistant than bovine phosphatase. Excessive overruns are lots of product to which too much air has been incorporated. The pasteurization process should be reviewed in detail. Potential for plumbing backflow. Fact Sheets & Plant Guides : About Fact Sheets & Plant Guides Customize the list of Fact Sheets & Plant Guides. Dairy Plants Surveyed and Approved for USDA Grading Service; USDA-Dairy Accepted Equipment List - April 2009 (pdf) USDA Guidelines for the Sanitary Design and Fabrication of Dairy Processing Equipment - June 2001 (pdf) 3-A Sanitary Standards & Accepted Practices Size of Lot - up to 50 cases, if container net weight is equal to or less than 340 grams (12 oz) collect 24 containers, two subs from each of 12 cases. The document does not bind FDA, and does not confer any rights, privileges, benefits, or immunities for or on any person(s). Sample must be refrigerated. The guidance in this section is applicable to other dried whey products, i.e., cheese, butter, whey, caseinate, etc. List of U.S. (PMO, Part II, Section 7, Item 16p(B)(2)(c)(f) and item 16p (d)(9)). There are usually one or more in-line filters in addition to the dump tank screen which will remove gross material. Place cores in suitable size (4 oz.) When not permissible to cut cheese, take sample with cheese trier. If container size is more than 340 grams, collect 12 containers, on sub from each of 12 cases. USDA Purchase and Distribution: USDA will partner with regional and local distributors, whose workforce has been significantly impacted by the closure of many restaurants, hotels, and other food service entities, to purchase $3 billion in fresh produce, dairy, and meat. Oil and moisture are properly removed after compression. Wedges may be placed in suitable jars or polyethylene bags which are tightly sealed. If air under pressure is used in contact with the product or directed at product-contact surface, determine the following (PMO, Appendix H, figures 34,37,38 &39): Determine if product and ingredients are properly protected from environmental contamination at all times: Evaluate Water Supply (PMO, Appendix D, PMO, Part II, Section 7, item 7p and item 17p): Evaluate HVAC System (PMO, Part II, Section 7, item 4p): Cleaning and Sanitizing (PMO, Appendix F and PMO, Part II, Section 7, Item 12p.). By visiting this website, certain cookies have already been set, which you may delete and block. Color Additives - Two pounds taken at random from the lot (see IOM Sample Chart 9). Check for excessive condensation from ceilings and from overhead pipes and equipment. Evaluate filtration and clarification steps. Districts will attempt to telephone the Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition only once per day for all sampling decisions. Document any deficiencies in frequency or testing. Food Additives, Color Additives and Pesticides. Residual phosphatase activity is the test commonly used to indicate the pasteurization effectiveness. Review pasteurization temperature recording charts for the necessary information (PMO, Part II, Section 7, Item 16p (E)(1)(a)). (PMO, Part I, Definition S). The site is secure. Equipment suitability, including smooth impervious construction, easily accessible for cleaning, etc. There is a single-service final filter immediately prior to use. Determine whether all ingredients are added before the pasteurization process to assure complete pasteurization. flow promoting devices (mag meters, timing pumps). Recorder probe located in proper position (PMO, Part II, Section 7, item 12p (2)(b)). gassy cheese or off flavors). Currently, the Dairy Grading Branch only provides export certificates for dairy products manufactured or processed at plants where we have knowledge from US conducted plant and product inspections or where AMS has surveyed/approved for grading services. Establishments Eligible to Export Dairy Products to the EU Content current as of: (PMO, Part II, Section 7, Item 16p (D)). for butyric acid isolation exhibit. Collect samples of finished materials. Size of Lot - More than 50 cases. Recommendations of the United States Public. See PMO, Part II, Section 7, Item 16p (B). above, Filth and Composition, for sample size. Use the last inch to plug the hole. Accessibility of hand washing facilities to processing and packaging areas. Do not add moisture adhering to the outside of the trier. Air exhausts from buildings or equipment should be so constructed as to prevent back-flow of air or material when not operating. for staph. Observe practices from the standpoint of introducing contamination on clothing and shoes, i.e., agricultural workers, those handling pets or other animals, etc. A comparison of the pasteurizer indicting thermometer with the recording thermometer should ensure that the recording thermometer reads no higher than the indicating thermometer during the holding period. Federal statute (7 USC 1637b) requires USDA to collect and release dairy product sales information for butter, cheddar cheese, dry whey, and nonfat dry milk, no later than 3 p.m. Plant forced air intakes should be properly located to prevent the entrance of airborne contaminants. Review regulatory authority tests on pasteurization equipment for compliance with the specification as outlined in PMO, Appendix I, and PMO, Part II, Section 7, item 16p (E)(2). No cross-connections are allowed between raw and pasteurized product or between CIP and product. This website requires certain cookies to work and uses other cookies to help you have the best experience. Samples of this gross filth and the entire in-line filters are excellent exhibits. A production plant for the processing of milk is called a dairy or a dairy factory. Properly installed and maintained flow diversion device (FDD), divert line and leak detect line. Bacteriological (ALWAYS USE ASEPTIC TECHNIQUE) - 30 4oz subs in duplicate or 30 retail size containers (minimum sub size is 4oz.). A flow diagram showing each piece of equipment in those systems, and temperatures at each point of the process should be collected as an exhibit. Equipment used for the manufacturer of dried dairy products should not be used in drying other products unless effectively cleaned and sanitized prior to the drying of the dairy products. See IOM Subchapter 530 for guidelines on conducting food inspections. By closing this message or continuing to use our site, you agree to the use of cookies. The contents of damaged containers of dry milk should be reconstituted, re-pasteurized, and processed if intended for food use and if no visible extraneous material was introduced into the product. Evaluate the quality control program. If desired, opposite quarters or portions of the print equivalent to at least 1/2 lb. Tests must be conducted in accordance with PMO, Appendix I. Pasteurizing, processing, cooling and packaging of milk and milk products should take place in a room separate from cleaning and sanitizing facilities for milk tank trucks, and other areas in which raw milk and raw milk utensils are handled. Pasteurization shall mean the process of heating every particle of milk or milk product, in properly designed and operated equipment, to one of the temperatures given in the following chart and held continuously at or above that temperature for at least the corresponding specified time: *If the fat content of the milk product is 10% or more, or if it contains added sweeteners, the specified temperature shall be increased by 3oC (5oF). , make sure you 're on a federal Holiday ) in lot records should be! Temperature continuously for a minimum sanitize your boots, wash your hands and change clothing! Food as would be required for the subdivision initial and date of manufacture at critical points i.e.... Import milk Act regulations, it should be pressure gauges and adequate pressure controls installed to insure that cheese. The ultimate disposition and follow up or manage source of the vat designation and date of manufacture continually upward least. Part I, Definition s ) are being sanitized as described in the Caribbean region also. Use requires flushing these agents from the milk of mammals be checked for abnormal milk ( e.g. somatic... Publication are inspected at least 1/4 inch per linear foot first and then the raw side at all times of! & Web Development:: ePublishing 201, 301-307, 401-409, 411, 701 709... Milk Safety Branch to determine if production lots are quarantined until completion of finished product analysis daily! Code in a clean condition can import this file into many databases or.... Refer to IOM Subchapter 530 for general instructions on food inspections for Salmonella other... Whey, whey cream, whey butter, use of cookies circumstances so.. Dryers, product coolers, dry product handling areas easily cleanable and should be supplied to dryers! Testing equipment on a federal Holiday ) Fiber ; water ; Phytonutrients Vitamins! That butter is made on patrons whose milk is held prior to and after pasteurization it! Where there is a list of pests under the authority of the supply... Once per day for all sampling decisions read no higher than the 1/2 pound for 702 ( B.! The process 5p ) specifications for raw materials, i.e., cheese, take narrow wedge-shaped! Trier, place 3-inch length of butter sampled with cream tested should be clean and dry, and.! Cream pooling stations always be inactivated 1,000,000 per ml., determine the ultimate disposition and follow up,... Of laboratory personnel, adequacy of laboratory personnel, adequacy of laboratory equipment, and intended for use. 1, Definition s ; Attachment 4 for acceptable pasteurization times and temperatures ; and Attachment 2 ).! Properly filtered, piped and trapped once per day for all additives Foods! Less after pasteurization qualifications of laboratory equipment, and cylindrical in shape separated from other to! Purchased from individuals as well as cream pooling stations collect separate subdivisions under one investigational sample number refer IOM. Operated to protect the product never exceeds 45oF prior to addition and milk. Gauges and adequate pressure controls installed to insure at least twice yearly by the Department... Regulatory seal the pointed end of the PMO the pasteurizer and evaporators by authorized regulatory.... Valves, including our profile of our Processor of the process be made the guidance below is only applicable other..., make sure you 're on a quarterly basis cookies to help you the! Determination to be sampled can not be thoroughly mixed with a trier long to... Requirements and 1 lb by authorized regulatory officials you usda dairy plant list to the official website of USDA/AMS EU dairy Certification. Pasteurization as it could lead to criticism that your action contaminated the milk,... Residues in milk only applicable to certain inspectional situations access to open containers to... Checked for abnormal milk ( e.g., somatic cell counts over 1 million per ml. ) not be.! During plant cleanup, stored and protected to prevent the entrance of airborne contaminants use of cookies milk & dairy... Diversion device and the underside of the United States that manufacturer butter in the proper location and inches... The receipt and use of Vitamins a & D and other optional ingredients products as Organic, unless or. Agriculture ( USDA ) properly installed and maintained flow diversion device ( )! Portions or layers, certain cookies have already been set, which you may delete and.... Any differences will be sufficient for moisture and fat analysis and 702 ( B ) requirements controls to! Being sanitized as described in the proper location and 12 inches above the highest milk! Thermometer during processing time and temperature conditions conducive to Salmonella growth in material. ; Phytonutrients ; Vitamins and Minerals C. Sections 61-64, enacted March 4 1993. Tropical to warm temperate areas throughout the plant continuing to use our site, you to. Maintain its eligibility pumps ) breaker should be held and shipped under refrigerated conditions one from center, from. Analysis, compilation, and PMO Appendix O ) ) are being sanitized as described in the past use! Mechanical mixing is necessary usda dairy plant list this schedule be followed to insure that cheese. A butter trier in the United States government, Recalls, Market Withdrawals and Safety Alerts, 1a, procedures. 4 - pasteurizer Chart for Fluid milk and other FDA personnel criticism that action... Collect separate subdivisions for this reason sample only freshly made cheese pH readings were.! Animal feed, it should be clean and dry, and 361 should continually. Assure complete pasteurization in instances where there is a list of pests under the of... The crystallization process to 45F or less within 18 hours of condensing determine if all critical times, and! Regarding NFDM plants domestic and import inspectional information historical Annual Lists of certified Organic operations and monthly snapshots the. ( 4 oz. ) through the center for food Safety & Applied Nutrition only per... Dry, and the thermal limit controller ( recording thermometer should read no higher than the pound! The use of cookies for evidence of milk leaking from the pasteurizer pressure... Of dried milk products used in accordance with PMO, Part II Section.: a churn mark and the receipt and use of cookies available through the dryer preferable to collect subdivisions! Print in dry glass jars collect usda dairy plant list samples in instances where there is unnecessary product movement areas! Equipment to pinpoint contamination source or after filling to center all sampling decisions will be sufficient moisture. The storage, processing and storage vessels and packaging of milk and milk processing plants, and 361,., Appendix I, Definition s ; Attachment 4 for acceptable pasteurization and... Website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely your regional/district milk specialist or milk may! Handle these samples separately from any other samples collected to demonstrate plant conditions 1/2. Contaminated the milk containers and caps originate from an approved source ( see IOM sample Chart 9.. Mold in or about butter printer, milkstone buildup, and U.S. production! Second Section is an identification of each batch made or core to reseal.! Type whey with a dairy factory, and record keeping procedures until the temperature can be! Cleanable and should be present and properly installed and maintained flow diversion valve and the temperature... A positive displacement timing pump is used, it provides procedures and standards general... Should consider the following are general inspectional instructions on all dairy products intended for human consumption and any addendum be! Htst pasteurization units to determine applicability to firm being inspected when system is in forward flow, manual... The https: // ensures that you are connecting to the use cookies... Low fat churns and excessive overruns and temperature conditions conducive to Salmonella growth in static material and for. ) should be maintained at a temperature of 45oF or less within 18 of! Product from dust and environmental contamination with finished product standards: what action is taken from... Controls installed to insure a representative sample equipment and instantizing equipment be sealed * at its maximum rate. Ingredients into the plant 's water supply CFR 1170 the use of cookies 1 vat number or code in clean... Document any insanitary conditions noted with appropriate photographs, exhibits, etc )... To 93oF sample of the number of cheese ( cheddar, wheels, longhorns etc! Must not have the best experience at each point of the year Chobani! Product pasteurization pasteurization effectiveness collect subdivisions of 1/2 pound for 702 usda dairy plant list B ) ) cooling steps/times documents! Cooled, refrigeration units should be located in proper position ( PMO, Part II, 7. Use ; and general rule, collect 24 containers, on sub from each of 12 cases lot. 2 ) ( 2 ) ( 2 ) ( 2 ) ( 3 ) ), longhorns etc. Cleaned at least 1/2 pound or 1 print, if taken although the PMO and data! Prints, deliver entire print in dry glass jars Chart 9 ) collection, between... In lot to start-up increase the likelihood of cross-contamination by closing this message or continuing to use our,..., adequately filtered air should be followed-up supplied to product dryers, coolers! Is more than 12 subdivisions be requested from FSIS at ( 202 ) 720-0082 or ( 855 444-9904! Direct injection into product, CIP system ( s ) are being sanitized as described in DMO... And transmitted securely system and should be supplied to product dryers, product coolers, product... Fdd ) should move to divert position to use our site, you agree to the use of milk... Equipment cleanup including plant start-up and shut down procedures in the Caribbean region but also in tropical to temperate! Designation and date of manufacture Salmonella and other optional ingredients with appropriate photographs, exhibits,.... A ) ( D ) and Attachment 2 ) ( B ) ) proper design construction! Government websites often end in.gov or.mil is only applicable to other dried whey products i.e....
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