• Group four root canal filling materials for primary teeth.II—90.5% • Group III—88.9% • Group IV—85.0% DISCUSSION Zinc oxide-eugenol is the most frequently used root canal filling material for primary teeth. were used in primary teeth but none of these materials have the ideal obturating properties. obturating material as well as obturation technique used that is capable of densely filling the entire root canal system and providing ... material into primary teeth root canals. One of the major areas of continued research is in the area of finding obturating materials to suit the specific properties of these teeth. Currently available endodontic filling materials for primary teeth demonstrate several inadequacies. Endodontic therapy has to be done to treat infected pulp. Iodoform was also found to have an excellent healing properties and resorbtion of excess material and has been suggested as an alternate to ZOE 3,8. available, commonly used obturating materials for primary teeth are zinc oxide eugenol, calcium hydroxide and iodoform based pastes. 8.Calcium hydroxide with sterile water 9. The present study, performed in-vivo, included 30 infected primary teeth in 26 children in the age group of 3-8 years. Zinc oxide eugenol, introduced by Bonastre in 1837 is one of the most widely used root canal filling material in primary teeth. Unreinforced Zinc Oxide Eugenol products are still on the market, but they should only be used when strength and solubility are not critical. - It decreases tooth pain. evaluated clinically and radiographically a mixture of zinc oxide eugenol and aloe vera as an obturating material for Pulpectomy in a total of 15 primary molars for a period of 9 months.The incidence of pain present preoperatively reduced to 86.67% postoperatively. ANDHRA PRADESH, India: The success of a pulpectomy depends on the elimination of bacteria from the root canal. BACKGROUND: Pulp therapy for pulpally involved primary teeth continues to be a challenge to clinicians. Hence the success of the treatment in such cases would depend upon complete obturation of the canal space Various materials had developed for obturation of primary teeth. 10.Frank’s paste 11.Maisto’s paste. Pulpectomy procedure was performed and the children were followed at regular intervals. 9 The ZOE pastes are not bactericidal, unless mixed with drugs, such as formocresol (Grossman L). So in search of ideal obturating The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of two obturating materials, zinc oxide-eugenol and Maisto's paste, in infected primary teeth. Materials and Methods: In the present study, antimicrobial efficacy of endoflas, Zinc Oxide Eugenol (ZOE), calcium Keywords: Calcium hydroxide, Chlorhexidine, Endoflas, Obturating materials, Pulpectomy Introduction Iodoform paste as an obturating material for primary teeth have received attention in … Study design: Prospective randomised clinical study. A comparison of calcium hydroxide/iodoform paste and zinc oxide eugenol as root filling materials for pulpectomy in primary teeth: A systematic review and meta‐analysis . Zinc Oxide Eugenol – When zinc oxide is mixed with eugenol, Zinc Oxide Eugenol (ZOE) cement is the result. Woods RL, Kildea PM, Gabriel SA, Freilich LS. AIM : To evaluate and compare the clinical and radiographic success of zinc oxide eugenol, metapex and endoflas as obturating materials in pulpectomy of primary teeth at 3 and 6 months follow up. Traditionally, zinc oxide eugenol was used for the purpose, until the introduction of calcium hydroxide and iodoform based materials. Khairwa et al. To evaluate the success rate of mixture of ozonated oil and zinc oxide as a primary teeth root filling material. This study was carried out to compare zinc oxide eugenol with endoflas for pulpectomy in primary dentition. Ideal root canal obturating material for primary teeth. [8] The 13 to 30 gauge needle Prospective randomised clinical study. The main objective in paediatric dentistry is to maintain primary teeth in the oral cavity till exfoliation. 2019;5:294–310 Zinc oxide eugenol (ZOE) has traditionally been used as a root filling material in primary teeth pulpectomy. Endoflas, a mixture of zinc oxide eugenol, calcium hydroxide, and iodoform, can be considered to be an effective root canal filling material in primary teeth as compared with zinc oxide eugenol. Products. Another root canal filling material that contains zinc oxide eugenol, calcium hydroxide and iodoform is commercially available as Endoflas. Curcuminpossessesanti-inflammatory and antimicrobialproperties which can be implied by its use as obturating material in primary teeth. • Disadvantages - It’s rate of resorption is slower than that of the primary tooth root. Zinc oxide eugenol (ZOE) is a material created by the combination of zinc oxide and eugenol contained in oil of cloves.An acid-base reaction takes place with the formation of zinc eugenolate chelate. Methods: The study included 60 infected primary mandibular molars which were equally divided into study group (ozonated oil-ZnO) and control group (zinc oxide-eugenol). None of these materials so far meet the ideal requirement of root canal filling material. Background: To establish mixture of zinc oxide and 10% sodium fluoride as a novel root canal obturating material for primary teeth.Aim: This study aims to evaluate clinical and radiographic success of a mixture of zinc oxide and 10% sodium fluoride as root canal obturating material.Settings and Design: This pilot study was conducted among 30 primary molars indicated for pulpectomy. Various obturating materials are zinc oxide eugenol (ZOE), iodoform, Vitapex, metapex, calcium hydroxide, Endoflas, etc. The liquid is a preparation of eugenol, which reacts with the powder to form an amorphous chelate of zinc … 6.Zinc oxide eugenol 7.Zinc oxide mixed with sterile water. Zinc oxide–eugenol cement (Fig. so that the primary teeth can complete their function until normal exfoliation. A histologic comparison of Hydron and zinc oxide-eugenol as endodontic filling materials in the primary teeth of dogs. A. 13.Walkhoff paste. Eugenol has anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties which are very useful after a pulpectomy procedure.11 It has a disadvantage in that excess Clin Exp Dent Res. • Advantages - it has bactericidal effect. Zinc Oxide Eugenol (or) ZOE is a Irreversible Rigid Impression material used as a secondary technique to take impression of Edentulous patients with the help of Mucocompessive technique.. As seen in the name this impression material is made up of Zinc Oxide and Eugenol (Oil of cloves). Researchers have now experimented with a new mixture consisting of propolis, which is a natural product with proven antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, and zinc oxide powder as a filling material in primary teeth. • Zinc oxide eugenol paste • Calcium hydroxide • Iodoform paste 9. Vitapex TM. 21.2) contains zinc oxide, rosin, and zinc acetate in the powder.The rosin increases fracture resistance and the zinc acetate is effective in accelerating the reaction rate. Several materials have been proposed for the obturation of root canals of primary teeth and, although no single material fulfills all requirements of an ideal endodontic paste filler (1), zinc oxide and eugenol cement (ZOE) has been widely used in the primary dentition (1,5). The clinical research question being how effective is zinc oxide eugenol (ZOE) paste as an obturating material in primary teeth pulpectomies with crown as final restorations, in its clinical as well as radiographical outcomes after a 12 or more months … Recently VitapexTM paste (a mixture of iodoform 40.4%, calcium Classification: It is classified by ADA with the ADA Specification N.o: 16 1. Zinc oxide eugenol is used frequently in pulpectomy for the obturation of the primary teeth. 12.Leonardo’s paste Iodoform. Background:Zinc oxide eugenol(ZOE) has long been the material of choice for obturating primary teeth,but it is resistant to resorption, might result in a deflected successor and has limited antibacterial efficacy. Materials and method. Another material being used is a premixed calcium hydroxide and iodoform paste (Vitapex) and is claimed to be a nearly idea l root canal filling material for primary teeth. Zinc oxide and eugenol (ZOE) paste was the first root canal filling material to be recommended for primary teeth, as described by Sweet in 1930. For the success of endodontic treatment in primary teeth, the resorption of obturating material plays a vital role. Background: Zinc oxide eugenol(ZOE) has long been the material of choice for obturating primary teeth,but it is resistant to resorption, might result in a deflected successor and has limited antibacterial efficacy. The reaction is catalysed by water and is accelerated by the presence of metal salts. The study included 60 infected primary mandibular molars which were equally divided into study group (ozonated oil-ZnO) and control group (zinc oxide-eugenol). the primary teeth. An ideal filling technique should assure ... be visibly filled at the orifice with zinc oxide eugenol paste. 10. Should not irritate the periapical tissues Aim: To evaluate the success rate of mixture of ozonated oil and zinc oxide as a primary teeth root filling material. 120 grossly decayed primary molars of children, aged 4 to 9 years were selected with signs or symptoms of irreversibly inflamed pulp tissue and randomly assigned to one of the four groups: zinc oxide eugenol, zinc oxide powder with 10% sodium fluoride, zinc oxide powder with Aloe vera, and Endoflas. Eugenol is an essential oil with germicide activity and was first used in 1876 by Chisholm who make Zinc oxide eugenol or ZOE 7. which would otherwise be lost. material fulfilling these ideal requirements.4,5,6 The traditional root canal filling materials for primary teeth are calcium hydroxide (Ca (OH) 2), zinc oxide (ZnO), and zinc oxide eugenol (ZnOE) with or without formocresol (FC) or iodoform paste. Several materials have been used to fill root canals of primary teeth. 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