An article published by the newspaper fingered Wright as a drug lord and sectarian murderer. Since the ceasefire, the UVF has been involved in rioting, drug dealing and organised crime. Click here to get it from the App Store or here for Google Play . This move came as the organisation held high-level discussions about its future. [64] These men had overthrown the "hawkish" officers, who had called for a "big push", which meant an increase in violent attacks, earlier in the same month. When you subscribe we will use the information you provide to send you these newsletters. On 17 February 1979, the UVF carried out its only major attack in Scotland, when its members bombed two pubs in Glasgow frequented by Irish-Scots Catholics. [41] There were bombings on 30 March, 4 April, 20 April, 24 April and 26 April. [126][127] This activity has been described as its preferred source of funds in the early 1970s,[128] and it continued into the 2000s, with the UVF in County Londonderry being active. On 7 May, loyalists petrol bombed a Catholic-owned pub in the loyalist Shankill area of Belfast. Appletree Press, 1984. p.61. The group had been proscribed in July 1966, but this ban was lifted on 4 April 1974 by Merlyn Rees, Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, in an effort to bring the UVF into the democratic process. In October 1975, after staging a counter-coup, the Brigade Staff acquired a new leadership of moderates with Tommy West serving as the Chief of Staff. It issued a statement vowing to "remove republican elements from loyalist areas" and stop them "reaping financial benefit therefrom". The gang comprised, in addition to the UVF, rogue elements of the UDR, RUC, SPG, and the regular Army, all acting allegedly under the direction of the British Intelligence Corps and/or RUC Special Branch. According to the Belfast Telegraph, "...70 separate police intelligence reports implicating the north Belfast UVF man in dealing cannabis, Ecstasy, amphetamines and cocaine. Unable to find their target, the men drove around the Falls district in search of a Catholic. The UVF is regaining its stranglehold on East Belfast, the daughter of Ian Ogle has warned. The no-warning car bombings had been carried out by units from the Belfast and Mid-Ulster brigades. In March and April that year, UVF and UPV members bombed water and electricity installations in Northern Ireland, blaming them on the dormant IRA and elements of the civil rights movement. The detective sergeant from the Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI) said that Mr Baine, of Cheviot Avenue, was part of a drug-dealing network and a criminal gang linked to the east Belfast UVF. [87][88][89], In January 2008, the UVF was accused of involvement in vigilante action against alleged criminals in Belfast. The UVF's Mid-Ulster Brigade carried out further attacks during this same period. The UVF has threatened to “orchestrate and participate in serious disorder”, police have said, following a day of tensions where two bonfire sites in east Belfast were cleared. [37] He died of his wounds on 11 June. It comprises high-ranking officers under a Chief of Staff or Brigadier-General. The detective sergeant from the Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI) said that Mr Baine, of Cheviot Avenue, was part of a drug-dealing network and a criminal gang linked to the east Belfast UVF. [112] The Brigade Staff's former headquarters were situated in rooms above "The Eagle" chip shop located on the Shankill Road at its junction with Spier's Place. [71], In the 1980s, the UVF was greatly reduced by a series of police informers. The group concluded a general acceptance of the need to decommission, though there was no conclusive proof of moves towards this end. [140][141] It is estimated that the UVF nevertheless received hundreds of thousands of pounds in donations to its Loyalist Prisoners Welfare Association. Until recent years,[11] it was noted for secrecy and a policy of limited, selective membership. [105] The high levels of orchestration by the leadership of the East Belfast UVF, and the alleged ignored orders from the main leaders of the UVF to stop the violence has led to fears that the East Belfast UVF has now become a separate loyalist paramilitary grouping which doesn't abide by the UVF ceasefire or the Northern Ireland Peace Process. [69][70] West died in 1980. In 1990, the UVF joined the Combined Loyalist Military Command (CLMC) and indicated its acceptance of moves towards peace. The Ulster Defence Association emerged from a series of meetings during the middle of 1971 of loyalist "vigilante" groups called "defence associations". [54] Jackson was allegedly the hitman who shot Hanna dead outside his home in Lurgan. [120] Historically, the number of active UVF members in July 1971 was stated by one source to be no more than 20. The report added that individuals, some current and some former members, in the group have, without the orders from above, continued to "localised recruitment", and although some continued to try and acquire weapons, including a senior member, most forms of crime had fallen, including shootings and assaults. Another loyalist paramilitary organisation called Ulster Resistance was formed on 10 November 1986. Mark Davenport from the BBC has stated that he spoke to a drug dealer who told him that he paid Billy Wright protection money. The Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association sought to end discrimination against Catholics by the unionist government of Northern Ireland. A new history project is aiming to tell the stories of UVF members who served in the First World War. [40], On 12 October, a loyalist protest in the Shankill became violent. [citation needed] The feud between the UVF and the LVF erupted again in the summer of 2005. [23], Like the Ulster Defence Association (UDA), the UVF's modus operandi involved assassinations, mass shootings, bombings and kidnappings. Some unionists feared Irish nationalism and launched an opposing response in Northern Ireland. Nelson, Sarah. Suspected drugs have been seized as part of an investigation into the East Belfast UVF, police say. There are various credible . A number of politicial representatives have been subject to death threats during the unrest - the latest being the Social Democratic and Labour Party Assembly member Patsy McGlone. Along with the UDA, it helped to enforce the strike by blocking roads, intimidating workers, and shutting any businesses that opened. [61] The UVF was banned again on 3 October 1975 and two days later twenty-six suspected UVF members were arrested in a series of raids. Is UVF’s ‘Beast in the East’ behind new wave of riots? “We’d be especially pleased to see copies of UVF membership cards which were issued, but we are also interested in receiving information on military service in 1914-18. In June, nine UVF members were convicted of the attacks. [32] Some unionists feared Irish nationalism and launched an opposing response in Northern Ireland. The UVF's declared goals were to combat Irish republicanism – particularly the Irish Republican Army (IRA) – and to maintain Northern Ireland's status as part of the United Kingdom. In October 1975, the UVF was undermined when soldiers and police swooped on houses in Belfast and East Antrim and arrested 26 men. It would attack the Republic again in May 1974, during the two-week Ulster Workers' Council strike. Download it now and get involved. [125], Prior to and after the onset of the Troubles the UVF carried out armed robberies. It emerged in 1966. In 1971, these ramped up their activity against the British Army and RUC. Although the UDA and UVF have frequently co-operated and generally co-existed, the two groups have clashed. You can unsubscribe at any time. Since 1964, there had been a growing civil rights campaign in Northern Ireland. "FIFTH REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT MONITORING COMMISSION", "BBC - The Devenport Diaries: Remembering Billy Wright", "Sutton Index of Deaths: Crosstabulations (two-way tables)", "Sutton Index of Deaths: Status of the person killed", CAIN – University of Ulster Conflict Archive, Bombings of King's Cross and Euston stations, Carlton Tower and Portman Hotel shootings, Belfast, Crumlin, Killyleagh & Coleraine attacks, Ceasefires of the Provisional IRA, UVF, UDA and RHC, Murders of Andrew Robb and David McIlwaine, Ulster Loyalist Central Co-ordinating Committee, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ulster_Volunteer_Force&oldid=993325030, Proscribed paramilitary organisations in Northern Ireland, Organizations designated as terrorist in Europe, Organisations designated as terrorist by the United Kingdom, Organised crime groups in Northern Ireland, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2008, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2009, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, May 1966 – present (on ceasefire since October 1994; officially ended armed campaign in May 2007), Unnamed Chief of Staff (1974 – October 1975). James Gray (1958 – 4 October 2005), known as Jim Gray, was a Northern Irish loyalist and the House of Commons: Northern Ireland Affairs Committee, Cusack & McDonald, p.34-35, 105, 199, 205, The Lost Lives, David McKittrick, Page 1475, Timeline of Ulster Volunteer Force actions, Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association, protests throughout Northern Ireland, some of which became violent, Provisional IRA campaign 1969-1997 § Loyalists and the IRA – killing and reprisals, Republic of Ireland national football team, Independent International Commission on Decommissioning, "Report drawn up on behalf of the Political Affairs Committee on the situation in Northern Ireland", https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TfGe4WO8yok, "Sutton Index of Deaths: Organisation responsible for the death", "Sutton Index of Deaths: Crosstabulations", "Inside the UVF: Money, murders and mayhem - the loyalist gang's secrets unveiled", "UVF 'behind racist attacks in south and east Belfast'", Chronology of Key Events in Irish History, 1800 to 1967, "Irish tighten security after Dublin bombing", "Call for probe of British link to 1974 bombs", "Collusion in the South Armagh / Mid Ulster Area in the mid-1970's". [106][107], In October 2013, the policing board announced that the UVF was still heavily involved in gangsterism despite its ceasefire. "Overstating and Misjudging the Prospects of Civil War: The Ulster Volunteer Force and the Irish Volunteers in the Home Rule Crisis, 1912-1914." All were widely blamed on the IRA, and British soldiers were sent to guard installations. [35] On 21 May, the group issued a statement: From this day, we declare war against the Irish Republican Army and its splinter groups. [134] In 2002 the House of Commons Northern Ireland Affairs Committee estimated the UVF's annual running costs at £1–2 million per year, against an annual fundraising capability of £1.5 million. [82], On 14 September 2005, following serious loyalist rioting during which dozens of shots were fired at riot police and the British Army the Northern Ireland Secretary Peter Hain announced that the British government no longer recognised the UVF ceasefire. The damage from security service informers started in 1983 with "supergrass" Joseph Bennett's information, which led to the arrest of fourteen senior figures. The initial aim of Ulster Resistance was to bring an end to the Anglo-Irish Agreement. 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The chief constable said he believed the UVF involvement was limited to east Belfast and there was no evidence of a collective endorsement of the organisation. Veteran anti-UVF campaigner Raymond McCord, whose son, Raymond Jr., a Protestant, was beaten to death by UVF men in 1997, estimates the UVF has killed more than thirty people since its 1994 ceasefire, most of them Protestants. Ms Johnston said the east Belfast UVF's statement was "an insult". [90], In 2008, a loyalist splinter group calling itself the "Real UVF" emerged briefly to make threats against Sinn Féin in County Fermanagh. Detectives from the Paramilitary Crime Task Force (PCTF) carried out a … When the Assets Recovery Agency won a High Court order to seize luxury homes belonging to ex-policeman Colin Robert Armstrong and his partner Geraldine Mallon in 2005, Alan McQuillan said "We have further alleged Armstrong has had links with the UVF and then the LVF following the split between those organisations." [100][101] A dissident Republican was arrested for "the attempted murder of police officers in east Belfast" after shots were fired upon the police. [50], The following year, 1972, was the most violent of the Troubles. A NEW mural depicting masked, armed paramilitary men from the East Belfast Battalion has caused widespread controversy in Belfast. The UVF's leadership is based in Belfast and known as the Brigade Staff. The group also carried out attacks in the Republic of Ireland from 1969 onward. [48], The IRA had split into the Provisional IRA and Official IRA in December 1969. The chip shop has since been closed down. Birgen, Julia. Anderson, Malcolm & Bort, Eberhard (1999). The weapons were Palestine Liberation Organisation arms captured by the Israelis and sold to Armscor, the South African state-owned company which, in defiance of a 1977 United Nations arms embargo, set about making South Africa self-sufficient in military hardware. [144], Billy Wright, the commander of the UVF Mid-Ulster Brigade, is believed to have started dealing drugs in 1991 [145] as a lucrative sideline to paramilitary murder. The Sunday World's offices were also firebombed. page 1. UVF men James Cordner (23) and Joseph Long (33) - described as a 'captain' in its east Belfast battalion - are also honoured in the mural. The Geography of Service and Death (GoSD) has details of around 400 UVF members from West and East Belfast. The Geography of Service and Death (GoSD) has details of around 400 UVF members from West and East Belfast. Eleven men have been arrested in a major operation into the criminal activities of the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) in east Belfast. [32] Two days later, the Government of Northern Ireland declared the UVF illegal. Known IRA men will be executed mercilessly and without hesitation. [43][44] There were further attacks in the Republic between October and December 1969. Thousands of families, mostly Catholics, were forced to flee their homes and refugee camps were set up in the Republic of Ireland. Hanna and Jackson have both been implicated by journalist Joe Tiernan, and RUC Special Patrol Group (SPG) officer John Weir as having led one of the units that bombed Dublin. Two of those later convicted (James McDowell and Thomas Crozier) were also serving members of the Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR), a part-time, locally recruited regiment of the British Army. In February, it began to target critics of militant loyalism – the homes of MPs Austin Currie, Sheelagh Murnaghan, Richard Ferguson and Anne Dickson were attacked with improvised bombs. In 1972, the UVF's imprisoned leader Gusty Spence was at liberty for four months following a staged kidnapping by UVF volunteers. Friday, 17th July 2020, 3:51 pm A UVF mural on the Lower Newtownards Road in east Belfast. During 1970, 42 Catholic-owned licensed premises in Protestant areas were bombed. The UVF stated that the attempted attack was a protest against the Irish Army units "still massed on the border in County Donegal". James Gray (1958 – 4 October 2005), known as Jim Gray, was a Northern Irish loyalist and the But Professor Richard Grayson, from Goldsmiths, University of London, told Belfast Live that he believes that there are many more stories to be told. [96][97] Fifty-year-old Stockman was stabbed more than 10 times in a supermarket in Belfast; the attack was believed to have been linked to the Moffett killing. The Irish parliament's Joint Committee on Justice called the bombings an act of "international terrorism" involving the British security forces. Officers probing criminality linked to the East Belfast UVF have seized suspected cannabis worth over £600K this evening.. 30 June 2002. Two members of the group survived the attack and later testified against those responsible. She died of her injuries on 27 June. [32] The group called itself the "Ulster Volunteer Force" (UVF), after the Ulster Volunteers of the early 20th century, although in the words of a member of the previous organisation "the present para-military organisation ... has no connection with the U.V.F. [120] Members were disciplined after they carried out an unsanctioned theft of £8 million of paintings from an estate in Co Wicklow in April 1974. Wright was apparently enraged by the nickname and made numerous threats to O'Hagan and Campbell. [65] The number of killings in Northern Ireland had decreased from around 300 per year between 1973 and 1976 to just under 100 in the years 1977–1981. It was responsible for more than 500 deaths. [78] According to Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN), the UVF killed 17 active and four former republican paramilitaries. [36], On 27 May, Spence sent four UVF members to kill IRA volunteer Leo Martin, who lived in Belfast. [84], On 2 September 2006, BBC News reported the UVF might be intending to re-enter dialogue with the Independent International Commission on Decommissioning, with a view to decommissioning of their weapons. [95] The Progressive Unionist Party's condemnation, and Dawn Purvis and other leaders' resignations as a response to the Moffett shooting, were also noted. "CAIN: Sutton Index of Deaths – crosstabulations", "UVF disbands unit linked to taxi murder", Law and order Belfast-style as two men are forced on a 'walk of shame', 'Report of the Independent International Commission on Decommissioning', Twenty-Fourth Report of the Independent Monitoring Commission, David Madine admits trying to kill loyalist Harry Stockman, "Police say UVF gunman seen in Rathcoole during trouble". [69], The UVF's nickname is "Blacknecks", derived from their uniform of black polo neck jumper, black trousers, black leather jacket, black forage cap, along with the UVF badge and belt. It declared a ceasefire in 1994 and officially ended its campaign in 2007, although some of its members have continued to engage in violence and criminal activities. Only select news that interests you by picking the topics you want to display on the app's homepage. The PSNI said the operation was part of an investigation into suspected drugs criminality linked to the east Belfast UVF. [55], The brigade formed part of the Glenanne gang, a loose alliance of loyalist assassins which the Pat Finucane Centre has linked to 87 killings in the 1970s. The Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association sought to end discrimination against Catholics by the unionist government of Northern Ireland. Scores of houses and businesses were burnt out, most of them owned by Catholics. West Belfast UVF at Brookmount Street in 1913. explains more about how we use your data, and your rights. The searches were part of an inquiry into criminality linked to the east Belfast Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF). Two UVF members, Harris Boyle and Wesley Somerville, were accidentally killed by their own bomb while carrying out this attack. Loyalists were successful in importing arms into Northern Ireland. Drugs, cash, cars and jewellery seized in operation against activities of East Belfast UVF Press Association Fri 22 Mar 2019 12.15 EDT First published on Fri 22 Mar 2019 05.30 EDT This development came soon after the UVF's Brigade Staff in Belfast had stood down Wright and the Portadown unit of the Mid-Ulster Brigade, on 2 August 1996, for the killing of a Catholic taxi driver near Lurgan during Drumcree disturbances. [146] It was around this time that Sunday World journalists Martin O'Hagan and Jim Campbell coined the term "rat pack" for the UVF's murderous mid-Ulster unit and, unable to identify Wright by name for legal reasons, they christened him "King Rat." “A threat has come through this council and from the police to say the East Belfast UVF have threatened contractors – possibly with the use of firearms,” he said. [32] The 'Paisleyites' set out to stymie the civil rights movement and oust Terence O'Neill, Prime Minister of Northern Ireland. Captain Robert Nairac of 14 Intelligence Company was alleged to have been involved in many acts of UVF violence. He served as the paramilitary organisation's East Belfast commander before being shot dead by the Provisional IRA in an alley behind his video shop in … Senior East Belfast UVF figures are known to be dismayed by the graffiti targeting the Ogle family as it again brings the organisation negative headlines. Eight people were shot dead and hundreds were injured. The Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) is an Ulster loyalist paramilitary group. Though, for its own purposes, it assumed the same name it has nothing else in common. The 45-year-old was beaten and stabbed to death outside his home in … With a few exceptions, such as Mid-Ulster brigadier Billy Hanna (a native of Lurgan), the Brigade Staff members have been from the Shankill Road or the nei… Plus, our enhanced user experience includes live blogs, video, interactive maps and slick picture galleries. [37], On 26 June, the group shot dead a Catholic civilian and wounded two others as they left a pub on Malvern Street, Belfast. [103], During the Belfast City Hall flag protests of 2012–13, senior UVF members were confirmed to have actively been involved in orchestrating violence and rioting against the PSNI and the Alliance Party throughout Northern Ireland during the weeks of disorder. "[143], According to Alan McQuillan, the assistant director of the Assets Recovery Agency in 2005, "In the loyalist community, drug dealing is run by the paramilitaries and it is generally run for personal gain by a large number of people." However, the UVF spurned the government efforts and continued killing. The UVF killed four men in Belfast and trouble ended only when the LVF announced that it was disbanding in October of that year. Credit: Peter Macdiarmid Share During the riot, UVF members shot dead RUC officer Victor Arbuckle. It was alleged that Colin Armstrong had links to both drugs and loyalist terrorists. [citation needed] The arms were divided between the UVF, the UDA (the largest loyalist group) and Ulster Resistance.[72]. He was shot dead by the IRA in November 1982, four months after his release from the Maze Prison. [20] At other times, attacks on Catholic civilians were claimed as "retaliation" for IRA actions, since the IRA drew almost all of its support from the Catholic community. "The Dublin and Monaghan bombings: Cover-up and incompetence". These attacks were stepped up in the late 1980s and early 1990s, particularly in the east Tyrone and north Armagh areas. [18], The UVF's stated goal was to combat Irish republicanism – particularly the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) – and maintain Northern Ireland's status as part of the United Kingdom. "UVF Rule Out Jackal Link To Murder". Its first leader was Gusty Spence, a former British Army soldier from Northern Ireland. In October, UVF and UPV member Thomas McDowell was killed by the bomb he was planting at Ballyshannon power station. ", This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 01:07. During this time he restructured the organisation into brigades, battalions, companies, platoons and sections. A new resource has details on around 400 UVF members from West and East Belfast, Never miss a thing from Belfast and beyond - sign up for FREE updates direct to your email inbox. [19] The vast majority of its victims were Irish Catholic civilians, who were often killed at random. This was a large, three-day riot between Irish nationalists and the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC). [136] Its main benefactors have been in central Scotland,[137] Liverpool,[138] Preston[138] and the Toronto area of Canada. [86] This was to take effect from midnight. [10] Whenever it claimed responsibility for its attacks, the UVF usually claimed that those targeted were IRA members or were giving help to the IRA. With a few exceptions, such as Mid-Ulster brigadier Billy Hanna (a native of Lurgan), the Brigade Staff members have been from the Shankill Road or the neighbouring Woodvale area to the west. Less extreme measures will be taken against anyone sheltering or helping them, but if they persist in giving them aid, then more extreme methods will be adopted... we solemnly warn the authorities to make no more speeches of appeasement. Fifteen Catholic civilians were killed and seventeen wounded. The first Independent Monitoring Commission report in April 2004 described the UVF/RHC as "relatively small" with "a few hundred" active members "based mainly in the Belfast and immediately adjacent areas". The mural, which is based on Belvoir Street, shows members of the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) alongside the words "The prevention of the erosion of our identity is now our priority". [91], In the twentieth IMC report, the group was said to be continuing to put its weapons "beyond reach", (in the group's own words) to downsize, and reduce the criminality of the group. But Professor Richard Grayson, from Goldsmiths, University of London, told Belfast … [83], On 12 February 2006, The Observer reported that the UVF was to disband by the end of 2006. Mon, 25 Jul, 2005 - … F". The incumbent Chief of Staff, is alleged to be John "Bunter" Graham, referred to by Martin Dillon as "Mr. Professor Grayson said: “UVF membership in 1913-14 can be very hard to verify for Belfast. [100] The UVF leader in East Belfast, who is popularly known as the "Beast of the East" and "Ugly Doris" also known as by real name Stephen Matthews, ordered the attack on Catholic homes and a church in the Catholic enclave of the Short Strand. [8] According to the book Lost Lives (2006 edition), it was responsible for 569 killings. Members of the Ulster Volunteer Force are openly patrolling the Garnerville area of east Belfast today as part of a deepening feud with the rival Loyalist Volunteer Force. "The untouchable informers facing exposure at last". "Ulster's Uncertain Defenders: Protestant Political Paramilitary and Community Groups and the Northern Ireland Conflict". [ 142 ], the UVF are subject to an organised crime investigation as an crime. Killed at random Internet ( CAIN ), it helped to enforce the by... In rioting, drug dealing, all forms of gangsterism, serious assaults, intimidation of the Ulster Volunteer (! 40 ], the strength of 1,500 it claimed the pubs were wrecked a! To Quell the Ulster Volunteer Force ( UVF ) in East Belfast violent... Other loyalist paramilitary organisation called Ulster Resistance was to be retained under the of... Car bomb near the Garda central detective bureau and telephone exchange headquarters in.... Involved to contact r.grayson @ gold.ac.uk of weapons and ammunition including L1A1 Self-Loading Rifles Browning! Drugs have been implicated in drug dealing, all forms of gangsterism, serious,... 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