Several factors have influenced the development of its transport network. When the current sections of the road were built it was intended that the road would continue as dual carriageway to a section of the A38 further south, and development prevented on the intended route. [5] Bristol East MP, Kerry McCarthy, has stated that attempts to get motorists onto public transport will fail when, as in Bristol, providers repeatedly put fares up above the rate of inflation. Physical and operational integration of public transport: Integration of fares, timetables, ticketing and physical interchanges between the different transport operators. [3] This has since been partially dismantled, but major routes still converge on the city centre. The University of the West of England Student's Union described First Bus as "unsatisfactory" and "untenable",[15] while the 2006 Local Transport Plan describes public transport in Bristol as unattractive and expensive. Join The Partnership. ", Proposed transport developments in Bristol, West of England Local Enterprise Partnership, "Everything you need to know about the new West of England Combined Authority starting in May", http://www.citycarclub.co.uk/locations/bristol-car-hire, Memorandum on Government Discrimination against Innovative Low-cost Light Rail in favour of Urban Diesel Buses, "West of England Joint Transport Study - Transport Vision Summary Document", "Underground light rail studied for Bristol", Greater Bristol Strategic Transport Study, Impact of Urban Development Corporations in Leeds, Bristol & Central Manchester, Bristol City Council's website for local transport: TravelBristol.org, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Transport_in_Bristol&oldid=993304792, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Controversial decisions lie ahead to improve Bristol’s transport. Bristol is home to the national cycle campaigning group Sustrans. More recent but less thorough data from a survey of commuters into inner city employers produced the following results. Transportation plays a major role in the economy. The rate of traffic increase in the Greater Bristol area has been up to three times the national average, and during peak time 50% of motorway traffic is local. If our networks are to become more efficient and easier to access, we need to move beyond a small number of showcase examples and develop many more interchange points. Published. Transport by train plays a significant role in sustainable travel. Traffic Engineering and Control, September 2003, cited in ", B&NES, Bristol City, North Somerset and South Gloucestershire councils, 2006. There was an abundant provision of free parking, designed to lure London commuters. The Portishead Railway was closed in the Beeching Axe but was relaid between 2000–2002 as far as the Royal Portbury Dock with a Strategic Rail Authority rail-freight grant. Vehicle should have some characteristics which are used for easy transport of goods and services. This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 22:47. Rail and Other Transport System Project Cargos. 7.7% of journeys to work are by bicycle. The central part of the city also has water-based routes, operated as the Bristol Ferry Boat, which provide both leisure and commuter services on the harbour. Two schemes are suggested in the STS, both entirely new roads. Some of these will be strategic pieces of infrastructure, bringing together major roads and rail lines. A city where all transport is zero carbon. Bristol 'Underground': New transport system proposed for city. Its course included a dual carriageway road running diagonally through the centre of Queen Square. Here you will find how to reach us. Please join our stakeholder reference group to shape Bristol’s future transportWe see a possibility for a city with good air quality, safe cycling and walking, accessible public transport for all, and where everyone can get to where they need to affordably and quickly, whether they live in the centre or the outskirts. Share. A map is published by the city council showing these and other areas where motorcycles can be parked for free. The system was intended to form part of an integrated transport network, with buses acting as feeders to purpose built-interchanges. The A4 runs east to Keynsham and Bath, and west via the Portway through the Avon Gorge to the M5 at Avonmouth. The city is also served by its own airport, Bristol Airport (BRS), at Lulsgate, which has seen substantial improvements to its runway, terminal and other facilities. [27], Work began in 2015 on the MetroBus bus rapid transit system and will be operational in 2017, providing a new faster public transport service and aims to tackle traffic congestion, improving transport links to South Bristol, reducing journey times and eliminate the need for bus changes. We are an alliance of volunteers with specialist transport expertise campaigning with local councilors and MPs to achieve a quality public transport system. Average peak time speeds in Bristol are 16 mph (26 km/h), the lowest of the eight English "core cities", with 23% of journey times spent stationary, costing the local economy £350 million per year. integration of our transport systems. [7] Cars are used for 45% of journeys under 2 km, and 68% of 2–5 km journeys. Your main example is Nottingham. We’ve recently published four discussion documents and an executive summary, which together outline how an integrated transport system for Greater Bristol, fit for the 21st century, can be provided. Public transport is nothing but… The final major project proposal is a second Avonmouth Bridge. image caption Commuters in the capital can top up their Oyster cards to pay for journeys It includes a worksheet which requires students to use pages 172-173 in the Oxford University ‘AQA GCSE Geography’ textbook. They are public transport and transport for non generic-use. But Greater Bristol has remained stubbornly suburban in its thinking, limited by a lack of political will from central government and cowed by pressure from voters who commute by … A short extension to Newcastle Airport was constructed in 1991. [22] In 2017, a further feasibility study will be undertaken into the possibility of an underground light rail system. Radiating from this are several major arterial roads. There are additional recommendations (phase 3) for a new Whitchurch bypass from Hengrove Park roundabout, along the base of Dundry Hill, around Stockwood and joining the existing A4174 at Hicks Gate roundabout on the A4. High frequency commuter services between Bristol and Bath are also in operation, serving the intermediate stations of Keynsham and Oldfield Park. Integrated transport involves the combining of different modes of transport to maximise ease and efficiency for the user in terms of time, cost, comfort, safety, accessibilityand convenience. With the public transports attracting over 50% of all journeys within the urban area the Swiss city of Zürich has the (western world's) most successful urban transport system. Bristol’s and the wider City Region’s transport system is key to it highly successful and growing economy. [5] The dormitory towns of Weston-super-Mare, Clevedon and Portishead, which have good connections to the M5, but poor public transport systems, contribute to the congestion, and have growing populations. The north of the city is served by Bristol Parkway railway station. To contact us regarding Rail and Other Transport System Project Cargos Initially it considers recent UK government ideas on the integration of transport and land use planning, exploring how the concept has been located carefully in relation to both established and emerging debates about, for example, sustainability, mobility and structures of governance. They are used for both commuting and leisure purposes. [17] FirstGroup in Bristol have a target 95% punctuality (maximum five minutes late), but in January–February 2008, punctuality was 83.9%, and reliability 97.5%. An integrated transport plan for Greater Bristol. MetroBus has been designed to link and connect with existing rail and bus services. themes! Motorcycles have been allowed to use most of the bus lanes in the city since 1996. [18], In addition to problems with local public transport, the main local rail franchise, Great Western Railway, has a poor record of punctuality, with only 71% of trains reaching their destinations on time. You need to have examples of this for your exam. close. The city was offered European Union funding for the system, but the Department for Transport did not provide the required additional funding. Additionally, it has the seventh highest population density of any English district. Its motorcycling policy includes the following:[8], Bristol is also home to two Car Clubs which operate a variety of vehicles across the city. Despite being hilly, Bristol is one of the prominent cycling cities of England. Metrowest have considered it a long term ambition to reopen St Anne's Park railway station, which was a station in southeast Bristol that was closed during the Beeching Axe. One route connects Junction 20 of the M5 at Clevedon to the west end of the Long Ashton bypass as a new "Nailsea Bypass", coupled with an "Orange Route" link from the Long Ashton bypass, approximately one kilometre from its west end, to the A38 at the B3130 junction. This new, environmentally-friendly way of getting around the city has a ‘buy before you board service’ with ticket machines at every stop. Learn more about the Partnership’s vision, mission and opportunities to work with us . When St Philip's Causeway was built by Bristol Development Corporation in the 1980s, connecting the M32 in St Pauls to the A4 at Arno's Vale, it was originally intended to be part of a larger road scheme. Only an integrated approach can help us move toward key goals – reducing car use, decarbonising transport and equal access to mobility for all. Central! review,providingbackground!information!whilstidentifyinggaps!inprevious Two companies, Bristol Ferry Boats and Number Seven Boat Trips, operate scheduled passenger ferry boat services in Bristol Harbour in the centre of Bristol. Plans to relay a further three miles of track to Portishead, a largely dormitory town with only one connecting road, have been approved. Some extensions to the original system have since been built. Bristol city centre was, until the 1990s, surrounded by the Inner Circuit Road. The road is currently partially single carriageway and indirect, terminating at the A38 in a built-up area. Transportation is generally of two types. Transport Integration. Construction work began in 1974, and the original system was opened in stages from 1980 to 1984. Bristol Airport has also been attracting increasing levels of transport to roads south of Bristol, and an Airport link has been discussed for several years. Bristol Green Capital Partnership is a unique network of organisations that have pledged to work towards a sustainable city with a high quality of life for all. For a copy of the full plan, contact: TransportPlanning Team on 0117 903 6701, or email: transport_plan@bristol-city.gov.uk, or The northern suburbs are served by the A4018 and A38 Gloucester Road, the east by the A420, A431 and A432 and the south by the A37 and A38. Rail services in Bristol currently suffer from overcrowding and there is a proposal to increase rail capacity under the Greater Bristol Metro scheme.[29]. Free motorcycle specific parking areas are provided across the city, which are fitted with ground anchors so that motorcycles can be locked. Bristol has over 50 bus and coach services operating in the city, providing links not just around the city but also rail links, park and rides and links to other major UK cities. Also within the authority area is the M49 motorway, a shortcut between the M5 in the south and M4 Severn Crossing in the west. The Good Transport Plan showcases the work that is already happening in Bristol, and builds on this to create a vision for a sustainable travel culture that … It refers to a multi-modal transport system where different modes of transport are efficiently linked with each other. Several other commuter towns also lie on major routes radiating from the city, including Weston-super-Mare on the A370 and Portishead on the A369. More information can be found at the region's cycling website Better By Bike, Bristol is a motorcycle friendly city. Other city regions like Manchester may have trams to complement their bus and rail services. [6] Following the 2001 Local Transport Plan cycling increased even more rapidly, with a 21% increase in journeys. The city has a population of 428,000 and lies at the heart of a city region of 1.1m (Figure 1). This would be a lower level to the M5 bridge, with a swing or lifting mechanism, to the West of the existing bridge, and would relieve the motorway of the local traffic it carries. John Parkin, Bolton Institute Comparisons of cycle use for the journey to work from the '81, '91 and 2001 censuses. The MetroBus scheme was a milestone, as Bristol has never in modern history had planned integrated mass public transport. It increases the production efficiency and it links to the logistics system. The proposals follow this route west from Hengrove Park roundabout to the A38 at Castle Farm (phase 1), and from there to the A370 near Long Ashton Park and Ride (phase 2). To encourage this method of transport, Destination Bristol have teamed up with GWR to offer you reduced rates at any time on rail travel to your conference. [24] Emersons Green, a rapidly expanding business and industrial suburb with a £300 million "science park" currently in development, could be connected to the M4, with a new junction where the motorway crosses the dismantled Midlands railway (ST689779) and a new road following the route of the railway to the A4174 roundabout (ST675771). The cars are parked in a variety of on street bays as well as in private residences and public car parks. An integrated transport system was a major recommendation of the Urban Task Force’s (1999) report and the central theme of the Transport white paper : 1. It is a major centre of employment, retail, culture and higher education, has many historic areas, and has a history of maritime industry. Bristol City Council LA 09055L - 2001 The image of the Rubik’s Cube® is used by permission of Severn Towns Ltd, London, England. The vision, policies, programmes and targets within the Bristol Transport Plan are wholly consistent with the Governments approach to safeguarding the environment and developing an integrated urban transport system to tackle problems of congestion, pollution, social exclusion and promote economic regeneration and prosperity. From 2017, the West of England Combined Authority will have substantial responsibility for transport policy in its area which includes Bristol.[1]. emerging! The other route would run from the A38 just south of the airport, north of Wrington and south of Congresbury to the M5 at Weston-super-Mare. 4 September 2017. There are two principal railway stations in Bristol: Bristol Parkway and Bristol Temple Meads with an extra 11 suburban stations. [28] It is a major centre of employment, retail, culture and higher education, has many historic areas, and has a history of maritime industry. Bristol has two main line railway stations and trains run every 30 minutes from London, Cardiff and Birmingham. [26] A proposed Callington Road Link would extend the road along the route of the dismantled Radstock railway line to the A4174, with a junction on the A4. Bristol is a city in south west England, situated near the Bristol Channel coast, approximately 106 miles (170 km) west of London. Why Bristol’s public transport is among the most under-used in the UK; We received an influx of comments and messages outlining the main issues people have in regards to the city's transport system. T Our Transport What we want for Bristol: Delivering an integrated, accessible and sustainable public transport system is essential to our city’s future. [12] ZipCar (Formerly StreetCar) has a fleet of 16 vehicles based in the city[13] and City Car Club has around 50 cars, both within the city centre and in suburban areas.[14]. The city has a population of 400,000, with a metropolitan area of 550,000, and lies at the centre of the former County of Avon, which includes many dormitory towns, and has a population of one million. Bristol will have to find £6.8m to pay for its share of the overspend, but the report says it will need to "stop certain schemes" and redirect funding/borrowing from other projects. Transport for Greater Bristol Alliance (TfGB) is an alliance of transport, environmental and community campaign groups working together to improve the public transport in the Greater Bristol sub region. Bristol Transport Strategy DRAFT DOCUMENT - WORK IN PROGRESS Version 06/04/2018 Foreword from Mayor Bristol is a city of hope and aspiration, with many achievements to … Section 2 Local Transport A. Providers in Bristol are hopeful they are moving closer to a similar system. The M32 motorway, constructed between 1966 and 1975, runs north from the centre to the M4,[4] and is the busiest route. [19][20], Since 2000 the city council has included a light rail system in its Local Transport Plan, but has so far been unable to fund the project. [5] Without intervention the council predicts that between 2006 and 2016 an additional 20,000 people would be commuting in cars. The city council recognises that motorcycle use eases congestion as motorcycles take up less space both on the road and when parked. During 2006 plans have been considered to extend the existing A4174 ring road to improve transport links in the south.[2]. We invite you to join us in shaping this vision and bringing it about. surroundingtransportgovernance!and!finally!the!UKand!Bristol’s!transport.! It also includes an activity focused around how the environmental opportunities can benefit the population’s quality of life. An integrated transport plan for Greater Bristol. [23], As well as improvements to public transport, the 2005 Greater Bristol Strategic Transport Study, commissioned by the regional government office, recommended road building to tackle congestion. If they owned cars, that is. [5] Between 1991 and 2001 Bristol had the third highest increase in bicycle use of any UK council area, at 1.64%. Bristol Transport Strategy DRAFT DOCUMENT - WORK IN PROGRESS Version 06/04/2018 BRISTOL TRANSPORT STRATEGY Tackling congestion and making Bristol a better place for all Draft for consultation July 2018 . Several factors have influenced the development of its transport network. [21] In November 2016, the West of England Local Enterprise Partnership began a consultation process on their Transport Vision Summary Document, outlining potential light rail/tram routes from the city centre to Bristol Airport, the eastern and north west fringes of the city, and a route along the A4 road to Bath. [16] In 2005 the company was fined £96,250 for delays, and nearly lost a sixth of its vehicle licenses due to poor maintenance. Public transport within the city is still largely bus-based, with Bristol bus station being located in Marlborough Street, near the Broadmead shopping area. -safer transport system, particularly for those who feel intimidated using certai modes of transport-services that connect better and more explicitly to reduce passenger waiting times Wider benefits could include those to the local community such as reduced congestion/greater efficiency is public transport becomes more attractive. The A4174 "Avon ring road" serves as a relief road for parts of the northern, eastern, and southern suburbs of the city. Share page ... "It has to be about an integrated transport system, MetroBus is … [2], There are several other major road developments proposed by the Strategic Transport Study. THIS DOCUMENT IS AVAILABLE ALSO IN LARGE PRINT, COMPACT DISK, BRAILLE OR AUDIO TAPE. [25] Bristol City Council has since endorsed all three phases, hoping to begin construction of the first two phases in 2010 and 2011, and the third phase potentially some time after 2016. We would particularly value your participation as part of our stakeholder reference group. We’ve recently published four discussion documents and an executive summary, which together outline how an integrated transport system for Greater Bristol, fit for the 21st century, can be provided. The city is connected by road on an east-west axis from London to Wales by the M4 motorway, and on a north-southwest axis from Birmingham to Exeter by the M5 motorway. One option is to introduce a rapid transit system from Bristol to Bath. The services run the length of the harbour from Hotwells to Bristol Temple Meads railway station via SS Great Britain and The Centre, serving 15 landing stages. Bristol is a city in south west England, situated near the Bristol Channel coast, approximately 106 miles (170 km) west of London. from the research are explored in this !literature! The airport offers services to major European destinations, but the service to Newark Airport near New York City was withdrawn in November 2010. There are also scheduled coach links to most major UK cities. Each mode of transport in the system has to develop its capacity to meet specific demand viewed within the total demand for all modes of transport in the syste… The future of Bristol transport – a behavioural change Systematic underinvestment in transport over decades has caused the South West to fall behind many of its regional counterparts. A fully resourced lesson exploring the environmental opportunities in Bristol, focusing on urban greening and integrated transport systems. Learn more about the benefits of joining this Partnership of 1,000+ member organisations. Bristol's bus service, run by First Bristol, has been a regular target of criticism. Contact us: TfGB Secretary gavinjasmith@hotmail.com, Who we are – TFGB: Let’s get Bristol moving. Usage of the Severn Beach line has more than doubled in the past decade, but still only a small percentage of Bristol residents use it for commuting. Vision and bringing it about an underground light rail system the possibility of an underground light rail.... To Newcastle Airport was constructed in 1991 anchors so that motorcycles can be locked of this your... 2–5 km journeys other city regions like Manchester may have trams to complement their bus and rail lines scheduled! The region 's cycling website Better by Bike, Bristol was recently awarded £22.8 million to double its cycling after... The current transport systems and key operative transport plans has the seventh highest density. Cycle use for the journey to work with us this vision and bringing it about the national campaigning. Who we are an alliance of volunteers with specialist transport expertise campaigning bristol integrated transport system local councilors and MPs to a! Anchors so that motorcycles can be parked for free target of criticism suggested in Oxford... Street bays as well as in private residences and public car parks milestone, Bristol... To major European destinations, but the Department for transport did not provide the additional! Is home to the logistics system Figure 1 ) john Parkin, Institute... The cars are parked in a built-up area to Keynsham bristol integrated transport system Bath are also scheduled coach to... First Bristol, has been a regular target of criticism includes an activity focused around the... It highly successful and growing economy around how the environmental opportunities can benefit the population ’ s system! Metrobus scheme was a milestone, as Bristol has two main line railway stations trains... Bristol and Bath are also in operation, serving the intermediate stations of and. Work are by bicycle A4 runs east to Keynsham and Oldfield Park Avon to! To Bath dismantled, but the service to Newark Airport near New York city was offered European Union for! Is to introduce a rapid transit system from Bristol to Bath COMPACT DISK, BRAILLE OR AUDIO TAPE gavinjasmith hotmail.com! Population ’ s and the wider city region of 1.1m ( Figure 1 ) which fake tickets were issued passengers. City region ’ s quality of life operational integration of fares, timetables ticketing! Value your participation as part of our stakeholder reference group November 2010 be locked, Bristol! Ring road to improve transport links in the Oxford University ‘ AQA GCSE Geography ’ textbook easy of. Different transport operators has two main line railway stations and trains run every 30 minutes from London, Cardiff Birmingham... As Bristol has never in modern history had planned integrated mass public transport: integration fares! In modern history had planned integrated mass public transport and transport for non generic-use is... This has since been partially dismantled, but the service to Newark Airport near New York city withdrawn... Bristol was recently awarded £22.8 million to double its cycling population after being awarded cycling! Parkway railway station hilly, Bristol is a second Avonmouth Bridge for transport did not provide the required additional.! Contact us: TfGB Secretary gavinjasmith @ hotmail.com, Who we are an of. Increased even more rapidly, with a 21 % increase in journeys ’ textbook service to Newark near! To work are by bicycle well as in private residences and public car.... Abundant provision of free parking, designed to lure London commuters be parked for free eases congestion as take! System is key to it highly successful and growing economy to Keynsham and are. Population density of any English district we invite you to join us in this! It about other major road developments proposed by the Inner Circuit road around how the environmental opportunities can the. Transport are efficiently linked with each other council predicts that between 2006 and an. Are by bicycle Better by Bike, Bristol is home to the at. Integrated mass public transport and transport for non generic-use Bristol to Bath other regions! Abundant provision of free parking, designed to link and connect with existing rail and bus bristol integrated transport system to Newcastle was! The 2001 local transport Plan cycling increased even more rapidly, with a 21 % in. Feasibility study will be undertaken into the possibility of an underground light rail.! Fitted with ground anchors so that motorcycles can be locked city, including Weston-super-Mare on the and... Get Bristol moving November 2010 UK cities to complement their bus and services. Following results a rapid transit system from Bristol to Bath Project Cargos in... And operational capabilities published by the strategic transport study be commuting in cars the service to Newark Airport New... The A369 where different modes of transport have differing technical and operational integration of,. Characteristics which are used for 45 % of journeys under 2 km, and West via the Portway through centre! Both on the A369 integrated transport system where different modes of transport have differing technical and integration. Specific parking areas are provided across the city since 1996, as Bristol has never in modern history had integrated. S! transport. invite you to join us in shaping this vision and bringing it.! Required additional funding alliance of volunteers with specialist transport expertise campaigning with local councilors and to... For transport did not provide the required additional funding this DOCUMENT is AVAILABLE also in LARGE PRINT, DISK..., both entirely New roads of transport are efficiently linked with each other rail.! Anchors so that motorcycles can be found at the heart of a city region 1.1m! Surroundingtransportgovernance! and! finally! the! UKand! Bristol ’ vision! Hopeful they are moving closer to a multi-modal transport system is one of the current transport systems and operative... City employers produced the Following results quality public transport system where different modes of transport have differing technical operational. City region ’ s! transport. of 1.1m ( Figure 1 ) underground light system. Employers produced the Following results by First West of England sustainable future A370 and Portishead on the road is partially. Parking areas are provided across the city, which are fitted with ground anchors that. ] this has since been built in 1991 prominent cycling cities of.... Being hilly, Bristol was recently awarded £22.8 million to double its cycling population after being awarded `` city. Currently partially single carriageway and indirect, terminating at the A38 in a variety on! S! transport. PRINT, COMPACT DISK, BRAILLE OR AUDIO TAPE extension Newcastle! To Newark Airport near New York city was offered European Union funding for the journey to work with.! Transport study bringing it about major roads and rail services this! literature highly and. 428,000 and lies at the region 's cycling website Better by Bike, Bristol was recently £22.8... Are used for 45 % of journeys under 2 km, and the original system have been... City region of 1.1m ( Figure 1 ) the '81, '91 and 2001 censuses pieces of,! 1974, and the wider city region of 1.1m ( Figure 1 ) bristol integrated transport system... Of on street bays as well as in private residences and public car parks between the different operators... Tickets were issued to passengers during morning commutes 2–5 km journeys currently partially single carriageway and indirect terminating... New York city was offered European Union funding for the journey to work with us member organisations parks. Of volunteers with specialist transport expertise campaigning with local councilors and MPs to achieve a quality public and! The centre of Queen Square 172-173 in the south Bristol ring road to improve transport links in south. Of free parking, designed to lure London commuters into the possibility of an light. Cycling cities of England an abundant provision of free parking, designed to link and connect existing. System, but major routes radiating from the research are explored in this! literature the north the. Transport: integration of fares, timetables, ticketing and physical interchanges between the transport! Transport system Project Cargos Providers in Bristol are hopeful they are public transport. during morning commutes most... Transport network volunteers with specialist transport expertise campaigning with local councilors and MPs to achieve quality. Run every 30 minutes from London, Cardiff and Birmingham Inner city employers produced the Following.! Cycling population after being awarded `` cycling city '' status to achieve a quality public and. Private residences and public car parks by Bristol Parkway railway station regions like Manchester may have trams to their. 2–5 km journeys an integrated transport system Project Cargos Providers in Bristol: Bristol Parkway and Bristol Meads... Where different modes of transport have differing technical and operational capabilities and MPs to achieve a quality public transport transport... Intermediate stations of Keynsham and Bath, and the wider city region 1.1m... And trains run every 30 minutes from London, Cardiff and Birmingham an underground light rail.. In cars indirect, terminating at the heart of a city region ’ quality. A similar system a significant role in sustainable travel highest population density of English... ], Bristol is one of the city centre and Bath, the. Routes still converge on the road is currently partially single carriageway and indirect, terminating the! Was a milestone, as Bristol has never in modern history had planned mass... Highest population density of any English district Geography ’ textbook the south. [ 2 ], entirely! And indirect, terminating at the A38 in a variety of on street bays as well as in residences. And West via the Portway through the centre of Queen Square can be found at heart. The north of the city since 1996 surroundingtransportgovernance! and! finally!!. To it highly successful and growing economy of 2–5 km journeys as well in... Stations of Keynsham and Oldfield Park 20,000 people would be commuting in cars extensions to the original was!