[15], Followers of traditional African religions are also found around the world. This bitter conflict has led to wanton destruction of lives and property, and this has become a source of great worry to the writers. While some traditions have a supreme being (next to other deities), others have not. $18.00 Introduction Three words in the title call for comment: African, traditional and religion. This book highlights and discusses the common elements which introduce African Traditional Religion as one unified religion and not a collection of religions. The beliefs and practices of the traditional religions in Africa can enrich Christian theology and spirituality." The defining line between deities and ancestors is often contested, but overall, ancestors are believed to occupy a higher level of existence than living human beings and are believed to be able to bestow either blessings or illness upon their living descendants. Monotheism does not reflect the multiplicity of ways that the traditional African spirituality has conceived of deities, gods, and spirit beings. Peavy, D., (2016). It is often combined with elements of Christianity and Islam. [25], Some researchers, including historical ethnolinguist Christopher Ehret, suggest that certain monotheistic concepts, such as the belief in a creator god or force (next to other gods, deities and spirits) are ancient and indigenous among peoples of the Niger-Congo ethnolinguistic family (of much of West Africa and Central Africa) and date to the beginning of their history, in a form substantially different from the monotheism found in Abrahamic religions. Art, Religion and Symbolic Beliefs in Traditional African Context: A Case for Sculpture Akpomuvie. / / David Chidester has long claimed that the “inventory” of religious elements that have come to characterize African traditional religion (belief in God, veneration of ancestors, sacrifice, initiation, divination, and healing rituals) are products of “colonial containment” and … Some sacred or holy locations for traditional religions include Nri-Igbo, the Point of Sangomar, Yaboyabo, Fatick, Ife, Oyo, Dahomey, Benin City, Ouidah, Nsukka, Kanem-Bornu, Igbo-Ukwu, and Tulwap Kipsigis, among others. [23][24][20] San religion is generally non-theistic but a belief in a Spirit or Power of existence which can be tapped in a trance-dance; trance-healers. The ancestors are generally believed to reside in an ancestral realm (spiritworld), while some believe that the ancestors became equal in power to deities.[29]. Hence, it cannot be avoided in the interaction between Christianity and African Traditional Religion. Elements of African Traditional Religion A Textbook for Students of Comparative Religion by Elia Shabani Mligo and Publisher Resource Publications. Among Afro-Asiatic-speakers is henotheism, the belief in one's own gods but accepting the existence of other gods; evil here is caused by malevolent spirits. Among Nilo-Saharan speakers is the belief in Divinity; evil is caused by divine judgement and retribution; prophets as middlemen between Divinity and man. The book argues very strongly that African religion, cultures and worldviews have to be subjected to Biblical authority, definition and teachings, Christianity as a religious system with its sets of beliefs, practices and religious life does not meet an empty traditional African mind, but one, which is already preoccupied with the African traditional religious thought. [18], Traditional African religions can be broken down into linguistic cultural groups, with common themes. Encyclopædia Britannica, (2003), Index of African mythology and creation narratives, List of African deities and mythical figures, Traditional African Religion and other religions, Persecution of traditional African religion, "The world of spirits and the respect for nature: towards a new appreciation of animism", "Animism: Foundation of Traditional Healing in Sub-Saharan Africa", What is religion? African Traditional religion (ATR) is one of the world religions with a great people and a great past. Register to create a new account and shop with Wipf and Stock today! Normally this comes through the expression of exercising some kind of ritualized power. While some religions adopted a pantheistic worldview, most follow a polytheistic system with various gods, spirits and other supernatural beings. Mligo has published several books and articles including Jesus and the Stigmatized (Pickwick Publication, 2011), Writing Academic Papers (Resource Publication, 2012), and Doing Effective Fieldwork (Resource Publication, 2013). March 2011; Verbum et Ecclesia 32(1) DOI: 10.4102/ve.v32i1.285. Elements of African Traditional Religion 134. by Elia Shabani Mligo, Farles Ilomo (Foreword by) Paperback $ 18.00. Currently I am about to complete a book on this question of the encounter between the biblical faith and African religion. 17–19, Parrinder, Geoffrey. The effect of colonisation on Africa's traditional religion is seen in the views of colonialists that African traditional religious practices are fetish, barbaric, ritualistic and demonic. [16], Animism builds the core concept of traditional African religions, this includes the worship of tutelary deities, nature worship, ancestor worship and the belief in an afterlife. Also, this practice can also give rise to those in these trances uttering words which, when interpreted by a culturally educated initiate or diviner, can provide insight into appropriate directions which the community (or individual) might take in accomplishing its goal. The three main religious traditions—African traditional religion, Christianity, and Islam—constitute the triple religious heritage of the African continent. The number of traditional elements in medieval alchemy varies from 4, 5, or 8. And Muslims who still practice elements of fetishism, shamanism and veneration of relics at.. 26 ] [ 27 ], Followers of traditional African religion alongside their professed beliefs societies many... Journal of Benin & Edoid Studies: Osweego, NY the States along the Gulf of Mexico: Journal Benin! People with their daily needs African-influenced religions in some parts of West Africa see our updated Privacy to... 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