It contains enough ice to raise sea levels by 23 feet (7 meters). Please feel free to contact me via email (tsbeer7 [@] gmail.com) or Twitter (@TommyBeer). Greenland ice loss. A massive ice sheet measuring 42.3 square miles has broken away from the Arctic’s largest remaining frozen shelf, researchers said. The National Snow and Ice Data Center estimated that between July 30 and August 3, runoff from ice melt was about 55 billion tonnes. © 2020 Forbes Media LLC. Greenland's ice sheet lost a record amount of mass in 2019, a finding that could prompt scientists to redefine their worst-case scenario as they assess the effects of climate change. ", A study published last month found that the Greenland Ice Sheet is losing mass at accelerated rates, making it the largest single contributor to rising sea levels. The danger inherent in melting glaciers is that they add to rising sea levels, which lead to increases in coastal erosion, and as ocean temperatures increase, so do the frequency of coastal storms like hurricanes and typhoons. An enormous chunk of Greenland's ice cap measuring approximately 42.3 square miles has broken off in the far northeastern Arctic, the National Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland said Monday, which scientists believe is further confirmation of the earth's rapidly changing climate. The ice shelf is approximately 50 miles long and 12 miles wide. Greenland ice sheet faces 'tipping point in 10 years' ... has broken off the Petermann Glacier along the northwest coast of Greenland. It has lost 62 square miles since 1999. Between 2000 and 2010, Jakobshavn contributed the largest solid ice discharge in all of Greenland’s ice sheet, equivalent to nearly a millimeter to global sea rise. Greenland Ice Sheet, also called Inland Ice, Danish Indlandsis, single ice cap or glacier covering about 80 percent of the island of Greenland and the largest ice mass in the Northern Hemisphere, second only in size to the Antarctic ice mass. Ice from Greenland is a leading contributor to sea level rise—last year, enough ice melted or broke off from the Greenland ice sheet to cause the oceans to rise by 2.2 millimeters in just two months. The enormous glacier section broke off of a fjord called Nioghalvfjerdsfjorden, which is roughly 50 miles (80 kilometers) long and 12 miles (20 kilometers) wide and is now adrift—and melting—in the Northeast Greenland Ice Stream. PROMICE estimates for the Greenland ice sheet, following Mankoff et al. "Even if the climate were to stay the same or even get a little colder, the ice sheet would still be losing mass." Legates, who was previously forced out of his role as Delaware's climatologist due to his controversial views, has taken a senior leadership role at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, according to the Post's report. Nioghalvfjerdsfjorden is at the front of the Northeast Greenland Ice Stream, and one of two main glaciers draining the interior ice sheet. Great tabular bergs can break away from the southern polar ice sheet … The Washington Post reported Sunday that the Trump administration appointed David Legates, "an academic who has long questioned the scientific consensus that human activity is causing global warming," to help run the agency that produces much of the climate research funded by the U.S. government. On Thursday alone, new data shows the ice shelf lost 12.5 billion tons to surface melting, its largest single-day loss in recorded history, the Washington Post reported. Since 2000, the ice sheet has experienced a general increase in melting, with melt-day area for 2019 totaling 28.3 million square kilo… All Rights Reserved, This is a BETA experience. Only a few minor late-season melt events occurred in September and October. "We should be very concerned about what appears to be progressive disintegration at the Arctic's largest remaining ice shelf," Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland professor Jason Box told the Associated Press. In their study, published Thursday in the journal Nature, the scientists reviewed 40 years of monthly satellite data from more than 200 large glaciers that are draining into the ocean across Greenland. ‘More heat is available from air and ocean to melt away the bottom and surface of ice shelves, and the thinning ice shelves are more susceptible to breaking up.’. ... the surrounding seas or huge chunks of ice break off … Solid ice discharge occurs where marine-terminating glaciers meet the ocean. This is 40 billion tonnes more than the historic average. The fractured area, part of a northern tributary called the Spalte Glacier, has been studied for years amid warming temperatures. This chunk accounts for two-thirds of ice the shelf has lost over the last 20 years (a total of 62 square miles, which is roughly twice the size of the island of Manhattan.). Complete melting of the Greenland ice sheet would account for a staggering 23-foot rise in global sea levels, according to researchers. In their study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , researchers sought to capture a timeframe over the past 450,000 years at a site off southern Greenland. Since 1980 the atmosphere near the shelf has risen by about 3C . 586 Billion Tons: That's the amount of ice that melted in the summer of 2019, shattering the all-time record. ‘Temperatures in the Arctic are rising faster than the global average. A separate study published in August in the journal Communications Earth & Environment found that "Greenland lost a record amount of ice during an extra warm 2019, with the melt massive enough to cover California in more than four feet (1.25 meters) of water.". Please feel free to contact me via email (tsbeer7 [@] gmail.com) or Twitter. Greenland's ice sheet is losing 250 to 300 billion tons of ice per year - that's 1mm of sea level rise per year, a third of the global total. The massive ice sheet covering Greenland may have melted by a record amount this year, scientists say. These then refreeze in winter to put extra pressure on the shelf. Greenland set a new record for ice loss in 2019, shedding the most mass from its giant ice sheet in any year since at least 1948. Until 2000, Greenland's ice sheet - covering an area three times the size of France - generally accumulated as much mass as it shed. The ice that melts or breaks off from Greenland’s ice sheets ends up in the Atlantic Ocean—and, eventually, all of the world’s oceans. After Greenland spent a good portion of July on fire, last week’s heatwave similarly scorched the country’s ice sheet, triggering a meltdown affecting roughly 60 percent of its surface. Dr Turton warned that further changes to the glacier are inevitable when water drains in summer months to form rivers and ponds. Copenhagen: An enormous chunk of Greenland’s ice sheet has broken off in the far north-eastern Arctic, a development that scientists say is evidence of rapid climate change. A big chunk of ice has broken away from the Greenland ice sheet and the Arctic’s largest remaining ice shelf- called 79N, or Nioghalvfjerdsfjorden- in north-east Greenland. Overall, melting on the Greenland ice sheet for 2019 was the seventh-highest since 1978, behind 2012, 2010, 2016, 2002, 2007, and 2011 (Figure 2). Get in touch with our news team by emailing us at webnews@metro.co.uk. Dr Jenny Turton, a researcher at Friedrich-Alexander University in Germany, said l ‘incredibly warm’ years in northeast Greenland, particularly amid recent record-breaking heatwaves across Europe are prime factors. Overall, there’s enough water locked up in the Greenland ice sheet to add about 25 feet to the world’s oceans. Figure 5 (a,b) illustrates that the southeast m… The Greenland Ice Sheet is losing 500 gigatons of ice each year, and will continue to do so, even if global warming halted instantly. The broken section, known as the Spalte Glacier, now floats in pieces. (2019), indicate that as of August 2019 solid ice discharge has averaged 497 ± 50 Gt yr-1. I'm a New York-based news desk reporter for Forbes covering sports, politics and business. latest news, feel-good stories, analysis and more, Schoolboy found dead as boy, 14, and 19-year-old arrested for murder, Man puts two young children on 150ft cliff edge for photo, Brits enjoy merry night out as tier three looms for millions, 400 schoolchildren kidnapped by gunmen with AK47s in Nigeria. The glacier is at the end of the Northeast Greenland Ice Stream, where it flows off the land and into the ocean. Get your need-to-know ‘We should be very concerned about what appears to be progressive disintegration at the Arctic’s largest remaining ice shelf,’ said GEUS professor Jason Box, who added that it was the ‘only major Greenland ice sheet ice stream’ located upstream. An enormous chunk of Greenland's ice cap measuring approximately 42.3 square miles has broken off in the far northeastern Arctic, the National Geological Survey of … "Glacier retreat has knocked the dynamics of the whole ice sheet into a constant state of loss," the study's co-author, Ian Howat, an earth scientist from Ohio State University, said in a statement. "Between June 11 and 20, an extensive area of the Greenland ice sheet surface melted," said a statement from the NSIDC. Greenland is about three-times the size of Texas and almost completely covered in ice. A huge piece of ice broke off the Arctic's largest shelf, Nioghalvfjerdsfjorden, in northeast Greenland, this year. "This is yet another alarm bell being rung by the climate crisis in a rapidly heating Arctic. The observations found how much ice is breaking off from glaciers or flowing into the oceans. Greenland’s ice melt is of particular concern, as the ancient ice sheet holds enough water to raise sea levels by at least 20 feet (6 meters) if it were to melt away entirely. "Another massive chunk of vital sea ice has fallen into the ocean," said Greenpeace spokeswoman Laura Meller. The mass balance started to deviate from its natural range of variability in the 1980s. The large loss – 532 billion tons – is a stark reversal of the more moderate rate of melt seen in the previous two years. — The piece that has broken off covers about 110 sq km. Greenland holds 10 … And it exceeds Greenland's previous record of 464 billion tons, set in 2012. For more stories like this, check our news page. (Photo by: Martin Zwick/REDA&CO/Universal Images Group via Getty Images). ‘When you observe large parts of an ice shelf breaking off you do raise an eyebrow, but with current developments in the Arctic there is also the realisation that this is to be expected,’ Dr Niels J. Korsgaard, a researcher at The Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS) said. Runoff, in other words, was compensated by fresh snowfall. Huge chunks of ice break off the Jakobshavn glacier in Western Greenland. But over the last two decades ago, the gathering pace of global warming has upended this balance. Although big in Greenland terms, the ice calving event is still quite small when compared with Antarctica. As a comparison, the discharge for the period 1986-2010 was 462 ± 46 Gt yr-1. According to a recent study published by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, ice loss from the Greenland ice sheet increased sevenfold from 34 billion tons a year from 1992 to 2001 to 247 billion tons a year from 2012 to 2016. The mass loss has increased sixfold since the 1980s. Along with losing mass via surface melt, Greenland also loses mass via the direct loss—or calving—of solid ice (i.e., icebergs) into the ocean. "At its peak on June 12, thawing climbed from … Last week, 12 billion tonnes of ice melted and ran-off the ice sheet in one day. Greenland's ice sheet just experienced its biggest melt of the summer, according to scientists, losing 11 billion tons of surface ice to the ocean. That means that the Greenland ice sheet - the world's second-largest ice body - would continue to lose ice even if global temperatures stop rising. On 20 August 2020, scientists reported that the Greenland ice sheet lost a record amount of 532 billion metric tons of ice during 2019, surpassing the old record of 464 billion metric tons in 2012 and returning to high melt rates, and provide explanations for the reduced ice loss in 2017 and 2018. Key points: The Greenland ice sheet is about the same size as the state of Alaska and 10,000 feet thick in places. It came off of the fjord called Nioghalvfjerdsfjorden, which is roughly 80 kilometers (50 miles) long and 20 kilometers (12 miles) wide, the National Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland said Monday. Surface melting on the Greenland ice sheet ramped down at a near-normal pace in the weeks following the major melt event of early August (Figure 1). Satellite images of Greenland’s Nioghalvfjerdsfjorden Glacier, shows the gigantic slab broke away last month and is splintering into smaller fragments. A big chunk of ice has broken away from the Arctic's largest remaining ice shelf - 79N, or Nioghalvfjerdsfjorden - in north-east Greenland. A glacier section broke off Northeast Greenland Ice Stream, according to report from the National Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland. We reconstruct the mass balance of the Greenland Ice Sheet for the past 46 years by comparing glacier ice discharge into the ocean with interior accumulation of snowfall from regional atmospheric climate models over 260 drainage basins. The … NOAA taps David Legates, professor who questions the seriousness and severity of global warming, for top role (WaPo), Dismay as huge chunk of Greenland's ice cap breaks off (AP), Record melt: Greenland lost 586 billion tons of ice in 2019 (AP), I'm a New York-based news desk reporter for Forbes covering sports, politics and business. The Greenland ice sheet has reached a "point of no return" and will continue to shrink even if global temperatures stopped rising today, according to a new study. New research charts the history of the Greenland Ice Sheet and its impact on global sea levels throughout history to present day.. Scientists from The University of Manchester, Queen’s University Belfast, and the Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland have used extensive reflection seismic surveys to image the structure of the Earth beneath the seafloor off the coast of northwest Greenland. (Photo by: Martin Zwick/REDA&CO/Universal Images Group via Getty Images), EY & Citi On The Importance Of Resilience And Innovation, Impact 50: Investors Seeking Profit — And Pushing For Change, Michigan Economic Development Corporation With Forbes Insights, NOAA taps David Legates, professor who questions the seriousness and severity of global warming, for top role, Dismay as huge chunk of Greenland's ice cap breaks off, Record melt: Greenland lost 586 billion tons of ice in 2019. Icebergs in the Uummannaq fjord system in the north of west greenland Glacier Store Gletscher and ... [+] the ice cap in the background America, North America, Greenland, Denmark. 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