Geographical formations including mountains, seas, and islands formed natural barriers between the Greek city-states and forced the Greeks to settle along the coast. The geography affected Greece in thatmuch of the manoeuvering and fighting relied on the sea and naval power, as the Greek world was spread around the Mediterranean Sea littoral. Mountains cover about 80 percent of the land. History >> Ancient Greece. Trade was important in ancient Greece. When I learned this about Ancient Greece, my first question was, “What the heck did they eat?” Greek temperatures average 48 degrees Fahrenheit in the winter and 80 degrees Fahrenheit in the summer. Ancient Greece was made of hundreds of small islands and mainland regions that spanned across the Aegean, Mediterranean and Ionian seas. Traders from Asia, Africa, and other parts of Europe could easy access Greece by water. As the climate inland was arid and difficult to work with, whereas the coastal climate was mild, many communities formed around the coast. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. What effect did the geography of ancient Greece have on its early development? Geography of Ancient Sparta. Due to the mountains in Greece all these city-states were split up and therefore they all had different practices and cultures. Ancient Greece was a very mountainous area so the people mainly used the sea as a way of feeding themselves and earning money. The Spartans did have a sea port but due to the distance and rough weather from the Mediterranean, the Spartan's naval abilities suffered. The good natural harbors of Greece, allowed them to turn to the _____ for food and _____. There were some significant conditions that influence the history of Greece. The rocky soil, trees, and salt water are – you guessed it – rocky soil, trees, and the ocean. Ancient Babylonia by R. Russell 2 Kin 24:13-14 "And Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon carried out from there all the treasures of the house of the LORD and the treasures of the king's house, and he cut in pieces all the articles of gold which Solomon king of Israel had made in the temple of the LORD, as the LORD had said. However regardless of downsides, these factors made Sparta an extremely well protected and fortified civilization by ancient standards. The geography of the region helped to shape the government and culture of the Ancient Greeks. ... commercial life. The ancient civilization of Greece was located in southeastern Europe along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. The stones are mountains and islands. The contents of your mystery box represent the geography of Ancient Greece. Rugged terrain made overland travel difficult. The country had little natural fresh water with only a few small rivers running through it, so it was not suitable land for intensive agriculture. 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