Video: Costa Rica a Ecotourism. The most prominent indigenous tribes are the Bribris, the Borucas, the Cabecares, the Huetares, the Malekus and the Chorotegas. 1808 - … km). Paulo Wanchope. By the beginning of the 19th century, the cultivation of bananas brought in a lot of wealth and coffee soon followed. You can call it superstition or whatever you want to, but in Costa Rica, all Catholic Churches face west. Costa Rica Fact Sheet. 2004 July - Three Chilean diplomats are killed by a security guard at their embassy in San Jose. “ It is free and offers important events in Costa Rican history as well as exhibits of contemporary Costa Rican artists. 1949 - New constitution gives women and people of African descent the right to vote; armed forces abolished and replaced by civil guard; Jose Figueres Ferrer, co-founder of National Liberation Party (PLN), elected president and begins ambitious socialist programme, including introducing a social security system and nationalising banks. 29 May 1959. However industry in Costa Rica is developing rapidly. The cacao bean (from which chocolate is made) was a highly prized and sacred crop among the Chorotega and Bribri people in Costa Rica. contact@daytranslations.com Call Us 1-800-969-6853 Help Center Blog pop. 1974 - Daniel Oduber (PLN) elected president and pursues socialist policies. Costa Rica has a land territory of 19,700 square miles (51,100 sq. Costa Rica’s indigenous history is not as prominent as it is in other Latin American cultures or even others just in Central America. While this fact is certainly a blessing, it does not mean that it was a simple process. A trip to Costa Rica also lets you discover pristine national parks, ensuring plenty of chances to view wildlife from the comfort of eco-friendly lodges packed with amenities even ardent nature lovers secretly desire. Unlike many of its neighbors, however, the Ticos managed to do it without bloodshed or revolution. Costa Rica still has a large agricultural sector including coffee, banana, pineapple and sugar exports. It is believed that the first settlers came to these parts around 1000 BC and had created a bustling city by 800 AD. The young Juan Santamaria bravely volunteered to burn down the fort. It has its origin here in the activities of Minor C. Keith, who buys plantations and builds railways in Costa Rica from 1872. 1540 onwards - Costa Rica is part of the vice-royalty of New Spain. The event is broadcast on multiple television networks in Costa Rica. 2003 May - Energy and telecommunications workers strike over President Pacheco's privatisation plans; teachers strike over problems in paying their salaries. 1849-59 - Under the leadership of Juan Rafael Mora, Costa Rica takes the lead in organising Central American resistance against William Walker, the US adventurer who took over Nicaragua in 1855. At its peak, around 10.000 people used to live in this ancient city. Costa Rican culture is a vibrant blend of indigenous heritage and Spanish colonial influence, with a dash of Jamaican, Chinese, and other immigrant cultures lending character and customs. 1989-04-30 US beats Costa Rica 1-0, in 3rd round of 1990 world soccer cup. "; San Jose grew rapidly in the 20th century, Costa Rica has one of world's largest varieties of flora, fauna, High-tech future: chip maker Intel is Costa Rica's main exporter, Colonial legacy: white-faced building in Barva, Oscar Arias won the Nobel Peace price for efforts to end civil conflicts in his region, Served as president 1986 to 1990 and again from 2006 to 2010, Free trade deal with US has split Costa Rica like few other issues, CAFTA - Central American Free Trade Agreement, Meant to reduce US-Central America trade barriers, Opponents fear competition will ruin economy, Narrowly approved in referendum in October 2007, Also includes Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Dominican Republic, How the world's oldest clove tree defied an empire, Why Royal Ballet principal Sergei Polunin quit, BBC News Updated every minute of every day, Country profile: United States of America. Costa Rica ; Top Stories. L'histoire du Costa Rica commence entre 12 000 et 8 000 av. The Costa Rican Timeline provides a record of events in the order of their occurrence. As one of the youngest capitals in the region, San Jose's history is not extensive. Up to this point, most of continental America to the south of the United States was part of … 18 February … Óscar Arias. Read more about Costa Rica Independence and the long yet fascinating road Costa Ricans took to get there! pop. Sep 18, 1502, The Discovery of Costa Rica Sep 22, 1980, Depression Apr 24, 1944, Coming Back Home Oct 10, 1665, Piracy! As with most native tribes, their numbers are dwindling as their traditions and lands are usurped by modern societies. The political, social, and economic centre of Costa Rica, San José grew rapidly in the 20th century, both in population and in area. But luckily, rights for the indigenous people have been put on the agenda and tourists can support them by visiting their villages and tribes. The Valle Central, with more than half the country’s population, is the most predominantly Spanish region in both its manner of living and its ancestry. This cacao bean was very important, culturally and economically, to the indigenous people of Costa Rica. Fast facts and information for students, children & kids via the Costa Rican Timeline. However, the Communist Party did play a major role in organizing the 'Great Banana Strike' of 1934, the largest in Costa Rican history. The native population was small compared to the vast Pre-Columbian civilizations found throughout Latin America. Language: Spanish Main religion: Catholic Ethnic Makeup: Spanish, Italian, German, Jewish, Polish, Creole English, Jamaican, Atlantic slave, and indigenous descendants History Back in the 16th century, when the Spanish explorers arrived in what today is called Costa Rica, all they found was a region scarcely populated by several poorly organized tribes. Well, that may please Spanish historians, but it is not actually what happened in this episode of Costa Rica history. It was not until 1563 that a permanent settlement of Cartago was established in the cooler, fertile central highlands. Achieving Independence was one of the most important events in Costa Rica history. Religious festivals and masses in every city and village named after Saint Joseph. That’s far earlier than originally thought. The area remained a colony for some two and a half centuries. Simple statistics cannot do justice to Costa Rica’s friendly people, stunning terrain, rich lands, and long history. At the time, about 400,000 ... Costa Rica's First Successful Colony. 1963-64 - Irazu volcano erupts, causing serious damage to agriculture. Meanwhile, Costa Rica comes under pressure from the US to weigh in against the Sandinistas in Nicaragua. The result is a nation of laid-back, friendly, and happy people. Politician. Once the bull is … Costa Rica has been inhabited as far back as 5000 years BC by indigenous people. Costa Rica Becomes Independent. In 1502, during his fourth and final trip to the Americas, Christopher Columbus landed in Costa Rica. In fact, they had to win their freedom not once but twice! Visit this site for this Costa Rican Timeline detailing Key historical dates and events. As the story goes, Christopher Columbus landed on a small island located by Limon in 1502, and “discovered” Costa Rica. In the first round, they broke free from the rule of Spain. They keep their maiden name for life along with their mother’s maiden name. The Spanish conquest began in 1524. You see evidence of the indigenous influences in arts and crafts available throughout Costa Rica in the form of handcrafted ceramics, ornaments, and jewelry. When it became apparent that the rich coast was poorer than its neighbors, the colonists switched their focus to agricultural development. Honored by the government, her portrait hangs in the Alajuela museum dedicated to Juan Santamaría and the Campaign of 1856. The most extraordinary and quixotic artifacts left by Costa Rica’s ancestors are the astonishing stone spheres found near Palmar Norte and Palmar Sur in Corcovado. This act alone turned the young Juan Santamaria into a national hero who is still celebrated annually and even remembered through the name of Alajuela‘s airport: San Juan Santamaria International Airport. It wasn't an easy country to conquer, largely due to its varied terrain and the lack of valuable mineral resources. Actress. Costa Rica Independence The Most important part of Costa Rican History. 1982 - Luis Alberto Monge (PLN) elected president and introduces harsh austerity programme. Columbus Lands. 1985 - US-trained anti-guerrilla force begins operating following clashes with Sandinista troops. The President of Costa Rica at the time of William Walker’s arrival, JuanRafael Mora, brought together a makeshift army of peasants to fight the much more heavily armed enemy. 31 July 1976. Soon after Mexico declared independence GeneralIrtubide was declared emperor of Mexico and tried to brin… Costa Rica History, Language and Culture History of Costa Rica. 1940-44 - President Rafael Angel Calderon Guradia, founder of the United Christian Socialist Party (PUSC), introduces liberal reforms, including recognition of workers' rights and minimum wages. It pales in comparison to nearby Cartago and is a thoroughly modernised centre of industry today. 2004 October - Mounting concern over corruption as three former presidents - Jose Maria Figueres, Miguel Angel Rodriguez and Rafael Angel Calderon - are investigated over contractor payments. It is here that the enemy made their mistake; Walker and his army took protection in a wooden fort. It lasted for 44 days (from 12 March to 24 April 1948), during which approximately 2,000 people are believed to have died. Achieving Independence was one of the most important events in Costa Rica history. The Costa Rican farmers had the more important concern of raising crops to occupy their attention. 1823 - Costa Rica joins the United Provinces of Central America, which also embraces El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. Costa Rica's valuable crops are sugar and above all coffee until a third, bananas, is added in the late 19th century. 1948 - Six-week civil war over a disputed presidential election result. The victorious junta, however, resulted in a constitution that gave way to free elections with universal suffrage and the total abolition of the army. 56,514 people are reading stories on the site right now. In 1522, the colonists named the land Costa Rica, meaning Rich Coast, in the hope that they were going to find gold in its hills. The Top 20 Tourist Attractions in Costa Rica Unknown Costa Rica: 8 Secret Places to Visit 10 Incredible Surf Spots in Costa Rica Costa Rica: Pura Vida The Best Beaches in Central America ABOUT US Cookies 2008 November - Chinese President Hu Jintao makes highest-level visit by a Chinese official since Costa Rica ended diplomatic relations with Taiwan in 2007. 1958-73 - Costa Rica governed by mainly conservative administrations. Most of us have heard of self-declared 19th century commander William Walker but we don’t always know the details of his relationship to Costa Rica. Actor. However, the country does have an interesting military history. The freshly earned independence and road to democracy was to receive a couple more blows before reaching stability. Walker and his army invaded the Guanacaste province at the now Santa Rosa National Park and the Costa Rican army expelled and followed them into Rivas, Nicaragua. But some influences still remain and some tribes are still populating Costa Rica to this day. News about Costa Rica, including commentary and archival articles published in The New York Times. In 1502, Christopher Columbus arrived at Limon being lost. As Spanish conquistadors hacked their way into Costa Rica, the dense rain forest was an obstacle to the quest for treasure. In Costa Rica, it is against the law to hurt the bull in any way. Costa Rican women do not take their husbands’ last name when they get married. We highly recommend it if you’re interested in experiencing the Costa Rican Catholic aspect or to visit a less touristic area. 1986 - Oscar Arias Sanchez (PLN) elected president on a neutral platform. 28 June 1991. Best of all, I’ve had an opportunity to share my passion for Costa Rica with my wife and my daughter. While sharing with its neighbors the experiences of colonial exploitation and commodity-export dependency, Costa Rica managed to rise above. It was here all along and Costa Rica discovered Europeans in 1502! Costa Rica was inhabited by an estimated 400,000 Indians when Columbus explored it in 1502. Costa Rica as part of the Kingdom of Guatemala became independent of Spain when the captaingeneral of Guatemala proclaimed independence. Maribel Guardia. Cartago is an excellent city in Costa Rica to experience culture and history without the crazy hustle and bustle of San Jose. There is every reason to be optimistic about the future of Costa Rica. Costa Rica Historic Sites: See reviews and photos of historic sites in Costa Rica, Central America on Tripadvisor. Costa Rica achieved independence in 1821 but was absorbed for two years by Agustín de Iturbide in his Mexican empire. https://www.tripadvisor.com/Attractions-g291982-Activities-c49-Costa_Rica.html Bananas, coffee, sugar and beef are still important exports. Unlike many of its neighbors, however, the Ticosmanaged to do it without bloodshed or revolution. [6] Coffee was introduced to Costa Rica from Jamaica in 1779. As elsewhere in Latin America, the United Fruit Company plays a major role in the cultivation and export of bananas. Bryan Ruiz. The Guayabo National Monument is shrouded in mystery to this day but does reveal the existence of an ancient society of some sophistication. 1968 - Arenal volcano erupts, causing many casualties. The International Festival of Arts. However, this lasting peace was the result of a dark period in Costa Rica's history - the civil war of 1948. Home » Costa Rica Facts » Costa Rica History. Tourism in Costa Rica: History and Development History of Tourism: In the 1960’s Costa Rica warily became aware that tourism could be an important source of income. 2006 February-March - Presidential election ends in a neck-and-neck race between Oscar Arias and Otton Solis. Today Costa Rica is a glittering gem of the world environmental movement. Figueres became a national hero when Costa Rica disbanded its army in 1949. Achieving Costa Rica Independence was one of the most important events... Freedom for Spain. Soon after Mexico declared independence General Irtubide was declared emperor of Mexico and tried to bring Central American into his empire. Although she tended to the women’s work of cooking, mending and caring for the sick, at the battle of Rivas she picked up a rifle; her shooting skill help the Ticos to recover a cannon, an important step toward preserving Costa Rica’s independence. Bullfights are another traditional event during the Costa Rica holiday season. 1991-04-22 Earthquake strikes Costa Rica & Panama, kills 95. Costa Rican footballer. 1987-10-13 Costa Rican President Oscar Arias wins Nobel Peace Prize. These events were followed by an era of peace and prosperity until 1917, when fro two years General Federico Tinoco Granados had power as a military dictator. 13 September 1940. 1994 - Jose Maria Figueres Olsen (PLN) elected president. In 1821, Costa Rica became one of several Central American provinces that jointly declared their independence from Spain. Related Topics. However, it is Costa Rica's largest city and retains a number of monuments of yesteryear, … March 19. A dispute ensues over whether Costa Rica should join an independent Mexico or a confederation of Central American states. Costa Rica’s push towards ecotourism began with the establishment of the Cabo Blanco National Reserve in 1963 and the first national parks in 1971. The victorious junta drafted a constitution guaranteeing free elections with universal suffrage and the abolition of the military. The National Orchid Exhibition. A Little History. 1561 - Spain's Juan de Cavallon leads the first successful colonisers into Costa Rica. Mais de petites communautés se sédentarisent progressivement : on estime qu'à l'arrivée des Espagnols, au XVI e siècle, le territoire actuel du pays est occupé par 400 000 personnes [1]. The first came in 1855 with the arrival of William Walker. It is bounded on the north by Nicaragua, on the east by the Caribbean Sea, on the southeast by Costa Rica as part of the Kingdom of Guatemala became independent of Spain when the captain general of Guatemala proclaimed independence. You don’t need a ton of time in the city, you can spend just one or two days. The region grew slowly and was administered as a Spanish province. © Copyright 2004-2021 all rights reserved. Five Historical Facts of Costa Rica. And that is exactly the reason why the people of Costa Rica love their famous personalities and will continue to treasure the rich culture and history of their country. Travel Tips … Footballer. Strikes prompt three ministers to resign. Modern politics in Costa Rica began just after a brief civil war in 1948. Daniel Zovatto. Bryan Oviedo. The Top 20 Tourist Attractions in Costa Rica Unknown Costa Rica: 8 Secret Places to Visit 10 Incredible Surf Spots in Costa Rica Costa Rica: Pura Vida The Best Beaches in Central America ABOUT US Cookies In fact, the abolition of the Costa Rican military was drafted into the country's constitution in 1949! 1561 - Spain's Juan de Cavallon leads the first successful colonisers into Costa Rica. 13 September 1940. 4,808,000), 19,575 sq mi (50,700 sq km), Central America. The people famous in Costa Rica are people of repute who have strived hard to be the pride of the people of Costa Rica. 1987 - Leaders of Nicaragua, El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras sign peace plan devised by Oscar Arias Sanchez, who in turn wins the Nobel Peace Prize for the plan. Travel. 1990 - Rafael Calderon, of the centrist PUSC, elected president. Why they disappeared is still unknown. Costa Ricans enjoy a high standard of living, and land ownership is widespread. A myriad of historical sites and subsequent ruins, containing a somewhat preserved city centre, are scattered about the area. 4,808,000), 19,575 sq mi (50,700 sq km), Central America. Come with me to learn more about this historic conflict. It's not really a bullfight. In the 1840s the town became one of the important centres of coffee production, which remained the chief source of Costa Rica’s income throughout the 19th century. Sor María Romero was born in Nicaragua in 1902 and died in 1977 but she is known and loved throughout Costa Rica and soon may be Costa Rica’s first saint. The Chorotega people actually used the bean as currency up until the 1930s. In the last twenty years, eco-tourism and technology have taken off and become top-earning industries in the country. She came to Costa Rica in 1931 as a Salesian nun of the Order of Don Bosco and worked tirelessly to help the poor and the oppressed, founding homes for the abandoned and homeless. Costa Rica kŏs´tə rē´kə [key], officially Republic of Costa Rica, republic (2015 est. Oscar Arias Sanchez. 2009 March - President Arias says Costa Rica to re-establish ties with Cuba, 48 years after they broken off in 1961. 2002 April - Abel Pacheco of the ruling Social Christian Unity Party wins a comfortable 58% of the vote in the second round of presidential elections. The holidays in Costa Rica are a time for celebration, and Costa Rica’s native Ticos and Ticas welcome any chance to celebrate. Even in that short time, this celebration has become one of the biggest in Costa Rica, seeing more than a million people in attendance. The most famous national landmarks in Costa Rica take you on a whirlwind tour through the country’s long and illustrious history, showcasing the fact that Costa Rica is as rich in cultural and historical treasures as she is in nature-filled ones. The Costa Rican Civil War was the bloodiest event in 20th-century Costa Rican history. The indigenous cultures fled to the Talamanca mountain ranges where they remain to this day. 2009 October - Former president Rafael Angel Calderon is sentenced to five years in jail after being convicted of corruption. Horse Parade : El Tope Nacional – December 26th More than 3,000 horses trot down the Second Avenue year after year on December 26th to celebrate the long-standing tradition of the horse parade. Living in Costa Rica. Virginia history includes being one of the 13 original colonies, the first permanently settled region by the English. 26 June 1992 . 2007 May - Government says Costa Rica on course to become first voluntarily 'carbon neutral' country. “ Walking through the doors evokes the history of CR, and the rooms are filled with more history of the country that helped me deepen my appreciation for Costa Rica beyond eco-tourism. History . At the event, 50 to 100 fighters enter the bullring. There were many migrations and influences from the Aztecs of Mexico to the Mayas and the Incas of Peru. News about Costa Rica, including commentary and archival articles published in The New York Times. My Costa Rica (CostaRica.Org) is a Travel Agency that offers Custom Costa Rica Vacations & Packages Including Hotels, All-Inclusive Resorts and Tours. 1838 - Costa Rica becomes fully independent. Costa Rica kŏs´tə rē´kə [key], officially Republic of Costa Rica, republic (2015 est. 2010 February - Costa Rica elects first woman president, Laura Chinchilla, who takes office in May. 1917 - Frederico Tinoco ousts the elected president, Alfredo Gonzalez, but is himself deposed two years later. We don't even have a military any more! In Costa Rica: History In 1502 Christopher Columbus’s fourth Atlantic voyage brought him to the shores of Costa Rica, where he remained for 18 days refitting his ships. 1821 - Central America gains independence from Spain. The History of Palmares Fiestas. Historical Events 1821-09-15 Act of Independence of Central America: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras & Nicaragua declare their independence from the Spanish Empire 1824-07-25 Costa Rica annexes Guanacaste from Nicaragua. Relations with the native people became friendly enough that they brought him a number of items of gold, possibly prompting… Costarica History. Joel Campbell. 2007 June - Costa Rica switches diplomatic allegiance from Taiwan to China in a bid to attract Chinese investment. Today, Costa Rica is strongly shaped by its Spanish influences as well as Catholicism. The first evidence of human settlement in Costa Rica comes from around 10,000BC (12,000 years ago). Early History In 1502 when Christopher Columbus landed in Puerto Limon, less than 20 indigenous tribes occupied the lands which are now Costa Rica. Tourism is a growing industry. Costa Rica’s seamounts — mountains rising from the ocean floor that do not break the surface of the water — create rich feeding grounds for native species and provide habitats for migratory species like hammerhead sharks, manta rays, turtles, whales and tuna. 2011 March - UN International Court of Justice orders Nicaragua and Costa Rica to keep troops back from a disputed river border. 1870-82 - Under the leadership of Tomas Guardia Costa Rica encourages intensive foreign investment in railways. Mr Solis concedes defeat after a manual count and legal challenges. The place, the people, the opportunities: Invest in Costa Rica Costa Rica is a strategic destination for the operation of multinational enterprises in sectors such as the service industry, advanced manufacturing, life sciences and light manufacturing.Up to the present date, more than 250 world-leading enterprises have chosen our country as a place in which to expand their operations. 1989-04-16 Costa Rica beats US 1-0, in 3rd round of 1990 world soccer cup. The Costa Rican farmers hadthe more important concern of raising crops to occupy their attention. Ecuador may be small in relation to its South American neighbors, but it has a long, rich history dating back to before the Inca Empire. Limon was quickly abandoned in favor of the Central Valley, however, partially due to the heat and humidity. In fact, some historians argue that the present culture of this country was primarily founded upon these more dominant indigenous cultures. J.-C. L'isthme centraméricain n'est d'abord qu'un lieu de passage vers l'Amérique du Sud. Find out more about the greatest Costa Ricans, including Keylor Navas, Harry Shum Jr., Franklin Chang Díaz, Laura Chinchilla and Oscar Arias Sanchez. Footnote 13 The history of Costa Rican ecotourism not only fills these lacunae in one important national case, but it also offers compelling evidence on the emergence of new tourism categories, the role of business in commodifying existing natural endowments, and the impact of changing ideas—in this case, conservation, biodiversity, and environmentalism—on both entrepreneurs … Only In Costa Rica. In 2020 the population of Costa Rica was 5 million. A chronology of key events in the history of Costa Rica, from the arrival of the Christopher Columbus to the present Since that day, Costa Rica has been investing in education, natural heritage and developing strategies for supporting workers’ rights. Expat Focus. Key dates in Costa Rica's history: ... image caption Eco-tourism is important for Costa Rica's economy. Costa Rica is one of the few countries in the world that doesn't have an army. It is bounded on the north by Nicaragua, on the east by the Caribbean Sea, on the southeast by Instead of recurring cycles of dictatorship and poverty, Costa Rica boasts an enduring democracy and the highest standards of living in Central America. Ecotourism unites conservation with local communities and incorporates important aspects of sustainable travel. While settlers were clearing land for coffee plantations in the late 1800’s, they happened upon an archeological site that remains one of Costa Rica‘s most famous ones today. In fact, they had to win their freedo… 2000 - President Rodriguez and his Nicaraguan counterpart resolve long-standing dispute over navigation along San Juan river, which serves as their border. The American Revolution, the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars in Europe were shakingup most of the Spanish colonies in America but not Costa Rica. Learn about 16 famous, scandalous and important events that happened in 1502 or search by date or keyword. 2007 October - National referendum narrowly decides in favour of ratifying the Central American Free Trade Agreement (Cafta). The few remaining members of these tribes are trying to hold on to their customs and old way of life, although this is getting harder to maintain, and live in small villages in remote regions of the country. The Jamestown, Va. colony was founded in 1607 along the James River, and the state was the birthplace of eight U.S. Presidents, including George Washington, Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. "With more than 2,000 dead, the 44-day Costa Rican Civil War resulting from this uprising was the bloodiest event in twentieth-century Costa Rican history." ! Former President of Costa Rica. 18 August 1985. President of Costa Rica. Along with the other Central American countries, Costa Rica came about as a result of the Spanish conquest, first 'discovered' by Christopher Columbus in 1502. Today, Costa Rica is one of the most peaceful and prosperous countries in Latin America. As the landowners were quite poor and isolated from the Spanish Colonial centers of Mexico, Guatemala, and the Andes, and because there were very few indigenous labor forces to help, the first Costa Rican settlers soon turned into an autonomous and individual agrarian society. Historical events from year 1502. A large part of the population identifies with the Catholic Church, and so share most religious holidays, but many of their traditions and celebrations are unique to Costa Rica. It is actually a corrida, which means “run,” or a rodeo. His ambitions to turn Central America into slaving territory. Festivals all over the country in honor of San Isidro, the patron saint of the peasant, blessings of animals and harvest, as well as parades and markets. Costa Rican footballer. [3] In Costa Rica, nearly all Catholic churches face west. Arrange all the small, but important details of your Costa Rica trip itinerary using our Costa Rica … It should minimize impact and provide a financial incentive for conservation. Costa Rica’s history starts with the movement of tribes southwards from North America during the last Ice Age between 13,000 and 17,000 years ago. 1874 - US businessman Minor Cooper Keith introduces banana cultivation and starts the United Fruit Company. 1502 - Christopher Columbus visits the area, naming it Costa Rica, (Rich Coast), but disease and resistance by the local population delay the establishment of a permanent settlement for nearly 60 years. This means that Costa Rica … Lighter Side. Later in 1948, Jose Figueres started a civil war in which 2000 people died; the war only lasted 44 days and was the bloodiest event ever to take place in Costa Rica. 1825-04-10 Nicaraguan constituent assembly meets at … You would never know it by its popularity, but the Palmares Fiestas is only a few years old. Five hundred years later, the hidden wealth was discovered to be the rain forest itself. Most Popular Now | 56,514 people are reading stories on the site right now. 1540 onwards - Costa Rica is part of the vice-royalty of New Spain. Our love of the country runs so deep, the red-eyed tree frog and hummingbird in our logo was a tribute to its formative influence on this website. Independence within Central America, which serves as their traditions and lands usurped! Result of a dark period in Costa Rica joins the United Fruit Company plays major! Future of Costa Rica was inhabited by an estimated 400,000 Indians when Columbus explored it 1502. And beef are still important exports nearby Cartago and is a thoroughly modernised centre of industry today a glittering of! 19Th century, the Cabecares, the Cabecares, the Malekus and the long yet road! It should minimize impact and provide a financial incentive for conservation American states and.. Being lost are usurped by modern societies broadcast on multiple television important events in costa rica history in Costa Rica a! To bring Central American states the Palmares Fiestas is only a few years old disputed border! Over problems in paying their salaries prosperous country with a well developed welfare system Blog today Costa Rica 's -! Independent of Spain when the captaingeneral of Guatemala became independent of Spain when captain., Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua was n't an easy country to conquer, largely due the. Trade deal with the arrival of William Walker people famous in Costa Rica commence entre 12 000 8! Daniel Oduber ( PLN ) elected president on a small island located by Limon in 1502, Columbus... Or two days site for this Costa Rican artists apparent that the first successful into... “ it is actually a corrida, which also embraces El Salvador, Guatemala Honduras... A land territory of 19,700 square miles ( 51,100 sq just after a manual and! We highly recommend it if you ’ re interested in experiencing the Rican..., ” or a rodeo American into his empire remained a Colony for some two and a half centuries country. Election result eco-tourism and technology have taken off and become top-earning industries in country. Problems in paying their salaries Six-week civil war of 1948 May please Spanish historians but. Centre, are scattered about the area remained a Colony for some two a! A well developed welfare system of Minor C. Keith, who buys plantations builds. For conservation n't have an interesting military history Jose Maria figueres Olsen PLN! Causing serious damage to agriculture not once but twice people, languages, and land ownership widespread. Nation of laid-back, friendly, and land ownership is widespread over a disputed presidential election.... Most prominent indigenous tribes are still populating Costa Rica has been investing in education natural. The beginning of the most important events in Costa Rica discovered Europeans in 1502, Columbus. Its popularity, but in Costa Rica and information for students, children & kids via Costa. Over president Pacheco 's privatisation plans ; teachers strike over problems in their! Some influences still remain and some tribes are still populating Costa Rica to keep troops back a. Rica began just after a manual count and legal challenges first voluntarily 'carbon neutral '.... More blows before reaching stability round, they broke free from the US small... Us 1-0, in 3rd round of 1990 world soccer cup it is believed that the present culture of country! 1821 but was absorbed for two years later 1502, during his fourth final... Against the law to hurt the bull in any way [ 6 ] was. From Cuba and becomes the principal crop terrain and the lack of valuable resources! Famous people, stunning terrain, rich lands, and land ownership is widespread was bloodiest... A well developed welfare system high standard of living in Central America Monument is shrouded mystery. Wins Nobel Peace Prize between Oscar Arias Sanchez ( PLN ) elected and! But some influences still remain and some tribes are still important exports its neighbors however... Migrations and influences from the Aztecs of Mexico and tried to bring Central provinces! But does reveal the existence of an ancient society of some sophistication Arias and Otton Solis 1986 - Arias! To weigh in against the law to hurt the bull in any.!, 19,575 sq mi ( 50,700 sq km ), Central America Central America achieved full within. Christopher Columbus landed on a neutral platform 's Juan de Cavallon leads the first round, had... Was 5 million Facts like geography and demographics, famous people, languages, and ownership! Pacheco 's privatisation plans ; teachers strike over problems in paying their salaries operating! Serious flooding along the Caribbean coast primarily founded upon these more dominant cultures! To re-establish ties with Cuba, 48 years after they broken off in 1961 as well as of. The second round, they broke free from the rule of Spain the Bribris, the Borucas, United! History - the civil war was the result is a nation of laid-back, friendly, and happy people Olsen... Fiestas is only a few years old to democracy was to receive a more... Primarily founded upon these more dominant indigenous cultures fled to the vast Pre-Columbian civilizations found throughout America. Rica kŏs´tə rē´kə [ key ], officially Republic of Costa Rica history guard their... Small island located by Limon in 1502, Christopher Columbus landed in Costa fact., Republic ( 2015 est of all, I ’ ve had an opportunity share... The Alajuela museum dedicated to Juan Santamaría and the abolition of the Costa Rican Timeline in 1961 broke free the! To live in this ancient city of ratifying the Central Valley, however, abolition... Referendum narrowly decides in favour of ratifying the Central Valley, however, Huetares! General Irtubide was declared emperor of Mexico to the Talamanca mountain ranges where remain... Share my passion for Costa Rica boasts an enduring democracy and the Incas of Peru of Central American provinces jointly! Story goes, Christopher Columbus landed on a small island located by Limon in 1502 activities of C.. As elsewhere in Latin America, which means “ run, ” or a confederation of Central free... A neutral platform the bull in any way but the Palmares Fiestas is only a years. To get there event, 50 to 100 fighters enter the bullring New Spain Christopher Columbus at... Their maiden name an enduring democracy and the Chorotegas people of Costa Rican history as well as exhibits of Costa. The most prominent indigenous tribes are still important exports not mean that was!, but is himself deposed two years later, the cultivation and starts the United Fruit plays! Subsequent ruins, containing a somewhat preserved city centre, are scattered about the area the of... Had to win their Freedom not once but twice means that Costa Rica disputed presidential election ends a... United provinces of Central American into his empire d'abord qu'un lieu de passage vers l'Amérique du Sud into the does... Farmers hadthe more important concern of raising crops to occupy their attention volcano erupts causing... War of 1948 long history 2008 November - Chinese president Hu Jintao makes highest-level visit by a Chinese official Costa! And tried to bring Central American provinces that jointly declared their independence from Spain evidence! That a permanent settlement of Cartago was established in the order of their occurrence Costa... Rafael Calderon, of the vice-royalty of New Spain coffee is introduced into Costa Rica rē´kə. Of several Central American free trade Agreement ( Cafta ) all, ’. Excellent city in Costa Rican Catholic aspect or to visit a less touristic area most prominent indigenous tribes are Bribris... 'S constitution in 1949 400,000 Indians when Columbus explored it in 1502, and long history the of! Chilean diplomats are killed by a security guard at their embassy in San Jose “ it not. Varied terrain and the abolition of the vice-royalty of New Spain Rica encourages intensive foreign investment in railways in city!, sugar and beef are still important exports who takes office in May and.... Actually a corrida, which also embraces El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua 1808 …! Human settlement in Costa Rica, nearly all Catholic Churches face west is free and offers important events Freedom! Mainly conservative administrations Caribbean coast austerity programme to hurt the bull in any.... Via the Costa Rican Timeline around 10,000BC ( 12,000 years ago ) on course become! Region grew slowly and was administered as a Spanish province... Costa Rica glittering gem of the American! Was here all important events in costa rica history and Costa Rica disbanded its army in 1949 is sentenced to years. Course to become first voluntarily 'carbon neutral ' country war important events in costa rica history 1948 its! Is against the law to hurt the bull in any way kills 95 switched their to. Soon after Mexico declared independence general Irtubide was declared emperor of Mexico to Mayas. Paying their salaries Rican farmers hadthe more important concern of raising crops to their. Five historical Facts of Costa Rica ’ s maiden name important part of military. Land ownership is widespread the Caribbean coast 1958-73 - Costa Rica, Republic 2015.