Powers the Constitution is presumed to have delegated to the National Government because it is the government of a sovereign state … STUDY. a society's formal and informal institutions that regulate a population's collective acts. The most powerful figures in the states are the governors. American Government Ch. Test. 1 quizlet. Federal Government. adambonenfant. Created by. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (24) political organization. Whereas the federal government and state governments share power in countless ways, a local government must be granted power by the state. Write. Question Answer; Government : The institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies. A state government is a unit of government that specifically makes and enforces laws for a state. Match. The powers of the state governments are exercised within restricted state boundaries. Spell. The Legislative Branch, consisting of the House of Representatives and the Senate, is responsible for creating and appealing state law. Gravity. The fact that local government entities are merely an extension of a state’s power may be a reason why there is not always the separation of powers as you may find in state governments or our national government, such as when the city has a commission or council-manager form of city government. Learn. Legislative Branch Just like with the federal government the states have legislatures that make up the state … The head of the government in each state is the governor. Secure .gov websites use HTTPS A lock ( A locked padlock) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. The president is the head of the federal government of the United States. Quia Web allows users to create and share online educational activities in dozens of subjects, including Government. Secretary of state is an official in the state governments of 47 of the 50 states of the United States, as well as Puerto Rico and other U.S. possessions. Other parts of the executive branch may include the lieutenant governor, attorney general, and the secretary of state. PLAY. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites. The federal government is expressly given the power to make and veto laws, oversee national defense and foreign policy, impeach officials, impose tariffs and enter into treaties. State… However, each state forms its government for administration purposes. important because they exist in … Missouri’s state government is organized into three branches: the Legislative Branch, the Judicial Branch and the Executive Branch. A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States. Español MENU. Legal Scope; The primary difference between the federal government and the state governments is the scope of their legal powers. 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