In 2004 natural gas consumption of 1,055 billion cubic feet (2.99-1010 m3) exceeded domestic production of 790 billion cubic feet (2.2-1010 m3). The house is led by the Speaker while the leader of the largest party is likely to become the prime minister. Which Countries Were First To Elect Women Leaders? The country has a population of over 65 million people and covers an area of 198,000 square miles. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The succession to the throne is guided by the 1924 Palace Law of Succession which allows only the males are allowed to ascend the throne while crown is passed from father to son only. The constitution of 2007 (largely based on that of 1997) provides for the direct election of members of the lower house of the Assembly, the House of Representatives, to four-year terms, five-sixths from single-member districts and the remainder based on proportional representation from the political parties. The premier is the head of the major party in the House of Representatives. In May 2014, following a military coup, the 2007 constitution was suspended (except provisions pertaining to the monarchy), and a council of military leaders took power. This ideal proved difficult to realize, however, because of interference by politicians and the continuing presence of corruption within the system. The premier heads the executive branch and also heads the Cabinet of Thailand. Thailand’s government is considering establishing a regional oil processing and transportation hub, serving the needs of south-central China. He or she is selected by election in the lower house of parliament and approved by the king. The premier heads the executive branch and also heads the Cabinet of Thailand. Members of the upper house, the Senate, are directly elected to six-year terms. A procession during the Hae Pha Khuen That festival of Wat Phra Mahathat. The current government, adopted in 1932, is similar to England – a democratic system with a Monarch sitting as Head of State. Since that time, Thailand has been a constitutional monarchy, and all subsequent constitutions have provided for an elected parliament. The administrative court settles disputes between the states and state organs. You might be in for a surprise once you finish reading this list of some of the most interesting facts about Thailand. Malays, upland peoples, and new immigrants, The early Chakri kings and a resurgent Siam, Mongkut and the opening of Siam to the West, Chulalongkorn and the foundations of modern Thailand, The 1932 coup and the creation of a constitutional order, The Phibunsongkhram dictatorship and World War II, The postwar crisis and the return of Phibunsongkhram, Military dictatorship, economic growth, and the reemergence of the monarchy, Partial democracy and the search for a new political order. NOW 50% OFF! Vehicular traffic in Thailand drives on the left. Thailand has had universal suffrage since 1932, and the minimum voting age is 18. The government of Thailand is headed by the prime minister. Thailand is a constitutional monarchy with the monarch as the head of state. Facts and statistics about the Government type of Thailand. [7] Seventy five percent of the people in Thailand are Thai, 14% are Chinese, and 11% are “other.”. Thailand: 20 fascinating facts Save One of the country’s most unusual festivals is the annual Monkey Buffet, held in front of the Pra Prang Sam Yot temple in Lopburi province. Fun & Interesting Facts About Thailand Once known as Siam, the Kingdom of Thailand is a long, skinny country running over 1,400 miles in length from top to toe. Government. Locally elected provincial assemblies have little power, but they serve as incubators for local politicians who may later be elected to the National Assembly. The country emerged as a modern nation state after the foundation of the Chakri Dynasty and the city of Bangkok in 1782. In 2007 Thai Rak Thai, the party of the ousted prime minister, was dissolved, and a new party, People Power Party, was formed; it was widely viewed as the reincarnation of Thai Rak Thai. Some of Thailand’s facts and figures in a nutshell. Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand, and formerly known as Siam, is a country in the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula and has 76 provinces. Most of the cabinet ministers are members of the lower house although this is not a mandatory requirement. The Senate plays an almost insignificant role in legislation but retains a lot of powers on appointments of the members of the judiciary and other government agencies. Thailand’s judiciary is made up of four separate systems. The United States is third largest. 19. In the 1990s three new provinces were carved out of the existing ones, resulting in a total of 76. Political parties, banned after the coup, gained limited freedom in 1980. It shares borders with Myanmar (Burma), Laos, Cambodia, and Malaysia. The official name of the country is the Kingdom of Thailand and was formerly known as Siam. Thailand is heavily influenced by both India and China. 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