Welcome! The CIA World Factbook estimates the military budget of Chad to be 4.2% of GDP as of 2006. [41], Chad's animal and plant life correspond to the three climatic zones. [109] UN spokesperson Maurizio Giuliano stated to The Washington Post: "If we do not manage to provide aid at sufficient levels, the humanitarian crisis might become a humanitarian catastrophe". The level of Lake Chad fluctuates according to the flow of these rivers, as well as according to the degree of precipitation, evaporation, and seepage. Beginning in the 7th millennium BC, human populations moved into the Chadian basin in great numbers. It is used to make balls of paste that are dipped in sauces. Chad is located in Central Africa and shares borders with Niger, Cameroon, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. Ethnic violence in eastern Chad has increased; the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees has warned that a genocide like that in Darfur may yet occur in Chad. [68][69] Among Muslims, 48% professed to be Sunni, 21% Shia, 4% Ahmadi and 23% just Muslim. In 2000 major direct foreign investment in the oil sector began, boosting the country's economic prospects. 1. Alcoholic beverages, though absent in the north, are popular in the south, where people drink millet beer, known as billi-billi when brewed from red millet, and as coshate when from white millet. The capital is N’Djamena. A blue dressing known as Chadian dressing was from this world. Where is Chad located on the world map? It borders the Central African Republic, Cameroon, Nigeria, Libya, Sudan, and Niger. A landlocked country in north-central Africa, Chad is about 85% the size of Alaska. Some of the most important African archaeological sites are found in Chad, mainly in the Borkou-Ennedi-Tibesti Region; some date to earlier than 2000 BCE. Density is 0.1/km2 (0.26/sq mi) in the Saharan Borkou-Ennedi-Tibesti Region but 52.4/km2 (136/sq mi) in the Logone Occidental Region. With the 172,600 Chadians displaced by the civil war in the east, this has generated increased tensions among the region's communities. Oil and agriculture are mainstays of Chad’s economy. The Sahara lies in the country's northern third. Chad has several regions: a desert zone in the north, an arid Sahelian belt in the centre and a more fertile Sudanian Savanna zone in the south. [59], Urban life is concentrated in the capital, whose population is mostly engaged in commerce. Chad attained its independence from France on August 11th, 1960. Déby relies on the French to help repel the rebels, and France gives the Chadian army logistical and intelligence support for fear of a complete collapse of regional stability. Looking like a fit prizefighter, Chad Hiltz, the star of Bad Chad Customs, does his head turning auto business up in Nova Scotia. Chad's fame to claim is this is the first hand blown bubble car in Canada. Chad Daybell's House (Google Maps). Their daughter, Harlee, was born on August 15, 2004. It's on the continent of Africa. [115] An international airport serves the capital and provides regular nonstop flights to Paris and several African cities. Coordinates: 15°N 19°E / 15°N 19°E / 15; 19. Chad's fame to claim is this is the first hand blown bubble car in Canada. Chad was born on August 31, 1971, in Kingsport, Nova Scotia, Canada, and turned 47 in 2018. Which means that people are leaving in serve poverty. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! This must mean Jolene turned 30 years old in June 2019. Learn more about Chad, including its people, economy, and government. World > Africa > Chad. In practice, the president exercises considerable influence over the National Assembly through his party, the Patriotic Salvation Movement (MPS), which holds a large majority. The country’s terrain is that of a shallow basin that rises gradually from the Lake Chad area in the west and is rimmed by mountains to the north, east, and south. [47] Variations in local rainfall create three major geographical zones. [10][40], Chad's official languages are Arabic and French, but over 100 languages and dialects are spoken. Chad has several regions: a desert zone in the north, an arid Sahelian belt in the centre and a more fertile Sudanian Savanna zone in the south. [66] Since then, 78 registered political parties have become active. However, if the National Assembly rejects the executive branch's programme twice in one year, the president may disband the Assembly and call for new legislative elections. He is Level 13 and has a total of 148,650 health points. Chad, landlocked state in north-central Africa. Yearly precipitations throughout this belt are under 50 millimetres (2.0 in); only occasional spontaneous palm groves survive, all of them south of the Tropic of Cancer. [62] Although violence against women is prohibited, domestic violence is common. [63] In 2005, opposition parties and human rights organisations supported the boycott of the constitutional referendum that allowed Déby to stand for re-election for a third term[76] amid reports of widespread irregularities in voter registration and government censorship of independent media outlets during the campaign. The Chari, which arises from headstreams in the Central African Republic to the south, is later joined from the east by the Salamat Wadi and from the west by the Ouham River, its largest tributary. In the Sahel only the hardier varieties of millet grow, and these with much lower yields than in the south. Michelin routes: fast and accurate route planning The Constitutional Court is headed by nine judges elected to nine-year terms. This move has angered the Chadian government. These influence are reflected in the languages spoken here today. The government of Chad recognizes French and Arabic as the country's two official languag… This estimate however dropped after the end of the Civil war in Chad (2005–2010) to 2.0%[101] as estimated by the World Bank for the year 2011. Populations of animals like lions, leopards and rhino have fallen significantly. Members of the Baháʼí and Jehovah's Witnesses religious communities also are present in the country. [36], Chad is currently one of the leading partners in a West African coalition in the fight against Boko Haram. [37], At 1,284,000 square kilometres (496,000 sq mi),[2] Chad is the world's 20th-largest country. km (496,000 sq. ", United Nations Commission on Human Rights, "Important Bird Areas in Africa and associated islands – Chad", "The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis", "Crocodiles in the Sahara Desert: An Update of Distribution, Habitats and Population Status for Conservation Planning in Mauritania", "Livestock-wildlife-environment interactions in Chad", "African Elephants Slaughtered in Herds Near Chad Wildlife Park", "Rangers in Isolated Central Africa Uncover Grim Cost of Protecting Wildlife", United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United States Agency for International Development, "COMMISSION DECISION of on the financing of a Global Plan for humanitarian operations from the budget of the European Union in CHAD", Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, "Chad Genetic Diversity Reveals an African History Marked by Multiple Holocene Eurasian Migrations", "Table: Christian Population as Percentages of Total Population by Country", "The World's Muslims: Unity and Diversity", Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project: Chad, Republic of Chad – Public Administration Country Profile, "Commercialisation is destroying community rules", "Chad passes law to make gay sex illegal", "Instability on the March in Sudan, Chad and Central African Republic", Victims of Genocide in Darfur: Past, Present, and Future – Sudan Tribune: Plural news and views on Sudan, Chad rebels say to resume fight, Deby's promises unmet, A qui Profitent les Dépenses Sociales au Tchad? The capital, N’Djamena (formerly Fort-Lamy), is almost 1,000 miles (1,600 km) by road from the western African coastal ports. After bouncing from place to place, Chad Hiltz finally set up his dream car shop in Canning, Nova Scotia, in Canada. The United Nations' Human Development Index ranks Chad as the seventh poorest country in the world, with 80% of the population living below the poverty line. [130], Millet is the staple food of Chadian cuisine. [113] Nevertheless, the road network is limited; roads are often unusable for several months of the year. The frontiers of Chad, which constitute a heritage from the colonial era, do not coincide with either natural or ethnic boundaries. Since then the trend has been upwards each year. By 1985 it had been reduced to a pool, immediately to the north of the Chari–Logone mouth, occupying about 1,000 square miles (2,600 square km). [108] In February 2008 in the aftermath of the Battle of N'Djamena, UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs John Holmes expressed "extreme concern" that the crisis would have a negative effect on the ability of humanitarians to deliver life-saving assistance to half a million beneficiaries, most of whom – according to him – heavily rely on humanitarian aid for their survival. Chad is an African country. Also read article about Chad from Wikipedia. [130][133][134], The development of a Chadian film industry, which began with the short films of Edouard Sailly in the 1960s, was hampered by the devastations of civil wars and from the lack of cinemas, of which there is currently only one in the whole country (the Normandie in N'Djamena). [45], The region's tall grasses and extensive marshes make it favourable for birds, reptiles, and large mammals. [71], Chad is home to foreign missionaries representing both Christian and Islamic groups. Ouaddai Chad is currently in standard time. After his divorce, Hiltz met Mosher in 1999. Une Analyse d'Incidence à Partir des Données d'Enquête, Chad – Community Based Integrated Ecosystem Management Project, "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency", "OHADA.com: The business law portal in Africa", Chad Poverty Assessment: Constraints to Rural Development, "Chad Country Commercial Guide – FY 2005", World Bank, Govt. Its most common expression is the Tijaniyah, an order followed by the 35% of Chadian Muslims which incorporates some local African religious elements. By 1920, France had secured full control of the colony and incorporated it as part of French Equatorial Africa. Oil production began in 2003 with the completion of a pipeline (financed in part by the World Bank) that links the southern oilfields to terminals on the Atlantic coast of Cameroon. [139][140][141][142], Football is Chad's most popular sport. [138] Issa Serge Coelo directed the films, Daresalam and DP75: Tartina City. In its physical structure Chad consists of a large basin bounded on the north, east, and south by mountains. Chad’s river network is virtually limited to the Chari and Logone rivers and their tributaries, which flow from the southeast to feed Lake Chad. 22/11/20 [Weather Underground] > N'Djamena, Chad Weather Historystar_ratehome: Thank you for reporting this station. [17], The French primarily viewed the colony as an unimportant source of untrained labour and raw cotton; France introduced large-scale cotton production in 1929. The capital is 1,060 km from the nearest seaport. However, in 1995 greater interest has developed and fostered the distribution of CDs and audio cassettes featuring Chadian artists. of Chad Sign Memorandum of Understanding on Poverty Reduction, Gateway expands presence in Guinea and Senegal, RESULTS FOR THE 3 MONTH PERIOD ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2010, Security claims blocking Africa telecom deregulation, Radio Stations | Embassy of the United States Ndjamena, Chad, Newspapers | Embassy of the United States Ndjamena, Chad, "Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor – Chad", "List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor", Symposium on the evaluation of fishery resources in the development and management of inland fisheries, Littérature tchadienne : Jeune mais riche, An interview with Mahamet-Saleh Haroun, writer and director of Abouna ("Our Father"), World Population Prospects: The 2006 Revision Population Database, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights, African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights, African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, Community of Sahel–Saharan States (CEN-SAD), Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, Agence de Coopération Culturelle et Technique, Prix des cinq continents de la francophonie, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chad&oldid=993849614, Arabic-speaking countries and territories, French-speaking countries and territories, Member states of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, Member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, States and territories established in 1960, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Articles with dead external links from July 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2008, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Later, more renowned groups such as African Melody and International Challal attempted to mix modernity and tradition. The country has an area of 1,284,000 square kilometers (495,755 square miles), with a land boundary length of 5,968 kilometers (3,708 miles). 15.8065800° Source: zeitverschiebung.net » Current local time » Kelo. Other instruments and their combinations are more linked to specific ethnic groups: the Sara prefer whistles, balafones, harps and kodjo drums; and the Kanembu combine the sounds of drums with those of flute-like instruments. [16] French rule in Chad was characterised by an absence of policies to unify the territory and sluggish modernisation compared to other French colonies. When killed, Chad has a chance of dropping multiple different Mushroom-themed weapons and Mushroom Soup. Chad is an independent nation located in Central Africa. pop. The droughts of the 1970s and early ’80s in the Sahel region of western Africa reduced the lake to record low levels. Time zone difference from UTC is 1:0 hours. Chad is a Boss found in the Mushroom Grotto every hour (XX:00) and during A New Adventure if you survive long enough. Dr. Chad S. Altmyer is an orthopedist in Columbus, Mississippi and is affiliated with multiple hospitals in the area. Find where is Chad located on the world map. [58], Chad's population is unevenly distributed. One of the signature elements to the shop is the huge custom signs Bad Chad built himself. Lake Chad, after which the country is named (and which in turn takes its name from the Kanuri word for "lake"[43]), is the remains of an immense lake that occupied 330,000 square kilometres (130,000 sq mi) of the Chad Basin 7,000 years ago. Chad Location in World Map. have more skills than her male counterparts but will still get paid less. 9,826,000), 495,752 sq mi (1,284,000 sq km), N central Africa. However, the show occasionally travels to car shows in Canada and the U.S., … Bad Chad Customs is the real-life series about a Canadian badass who melds and shapes metal to his liking and makes sure there’s a souped-up race engine to take it down the road. [29] In May 2016, he was found guilty of human-rights abuses, including rape, sexual slavery, and ordering the killing of 40,000 people, and sentenced to life in prison. Nevertheless, Chad's people may be classified according to the geographical region in which they live. The GDP (purchasing power parity) per capita was estimated as US$1,651 in 2009. Chad's capital city, N'Djamena, is located in the southwestern part of the country. Other location | Local time Chad. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Official Name is the Republic of Chad, and the capital city is N'Djamena. Check Outougou Guera Chad Prayer times conveniently while on the go with eSalah. But, the rebel commanders fought amongst themselves until Hissène Habré defeated his rivals. 39% - 44.1% were Christian. Higher education is provided at the University of N'Djamena. Chad is located in central Africa. [67] 21.5% were Catholic and a further 16.6% were Protestant. Lake Chad, after … [71], Roman Catholics represent the largest Christian denomination in the country. In addition, there have been various conflicts with Khartoum's Janjaweed rebels in eastern Chad, who killed civilians by use of helicopter gunships. Updates? Chad is a Tier II nation in Africa. [38][39] Chad is in north central Africa, lying between latitudes 7° and 24°N, and 13° and 24°E. [94][95], The cantons are scheduled to be replaced by communautés rurales, but the legal and regulatory framework has not yet been completed. Although this continent is full of natural resources and diverse wildlife, how much do you really know about Africa? [78], Chad is listed as a failed state by the Fund for Peace (FFP). The country's population and culture have been influenced by indigenous inhabitants, Muslim empires, and French colonialism. Due to the important role played by itinerant Arab traders and settled merchants in local communities, Chadian Arabic has become a lingua franca. The mountains that rim the basin include the volcanic Tibesti Massif to the north (of which the highest point is Mount Koussi, with an elevation of 11,204 feet [3,415 metres]), the sandstone peaks of the Ennedi Plateau to the northeast, the crystalline rock mountains of the Ouaddaï (Wadai) region to the east, and the Oubangui Plateau to the south. Each region is headed by a presidentially appointed governor. It is a home of various animals and plant species. Chad is a resource-poor, landlocked country, bordered by the Sudan, the Central African Republic, Cameroon, Nigeria, Niger, and Libya. [48][49], Elephants, lions, buffalo, hippopotamuses, rhinoceroses, giraffes, antelopes, leopards, cheetahs, hyenas, and many species of snakes are found here, although most large carnivore populations have been drastically reduced since the early 20th century. [73] In cases of grave and immediate threat, the president, in consultation with the National Assembly, may declare a state of emergency. Chad ranked number 148 out of 148 overall in the 2014 NRI ranking, down from 142 in 2013. [13] In Kanem, about a third of the population were slaves. 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