The accepted wisdom from modern neurobiology is that emotions are heuristics – neural shortcuts to allow us to decide how to behave without time-consuming reflection. If you think there’s an 80% chance your husband cheats on you, how mad should you be? *I am not sure that the best way to describe things is Hilzoy’s — which sounds like it is anger at a behavior type (which would be a weirdly abstract object of anger) or perhaps anger of the sort we direct at fictional villains (which I’d expect to be less keenly felt). In this grey area, if you concede that it exists, it also makes me wonder why *attempted* rape, if quickly shunned or avoided without injury, need be seen as a crime of the same magnitude as murder. But then, over time, we learn more – we learn about Tristane Banon, for example, and other things that seem to have been known to lots of people in the French governing classes and media, not so much to the rest of us. We can only hope that public officials share the same kind of fear. Absolute Uncertainty – the absolute uncertainty is the number which, when combined with a reported value, gives the range of true values. If one feels anger at Strauss-Kahn, when only limited ‘facts’ have been brought to light, it can only be because one has made some guesses re: The Accused’s culpability. In behavioral and cognitive sciences, uncertainty has mainly been defined within the scope of decision-making and therefore refers to a difficulty to predi… If you deny your feelings about it, that would be nonsensical. The research reveals that emotions constitute potent, pervasive, predictable, sometimes harmful and sometimes beneficial drivers of decision making. My second thought, “what else is out there about other powerful men that is routinely brushed under the carpet?” goes to the difficulty of forming even modestly accurate priors to start off with. @CRW: I had the same reaction (male, for what it’s worth) – ‘sexual assault’ doesn’t fall under the heading ‘sex’, rather under the heading ‘assault’. Fourteen news trucks in the parking lot, seven news tents with earnest looking reporters in their half suit/half jeans and sneakers attire standing on milk crates while speaking to the camera, a hoard of photographers with large telephoto lenses jabbering in French and English, and the back drop of the Supreme Court building. Feh, feelings are just feelings. That’s why we try to settle the truth in such matters by putting it in the hands of neutral parties and an as emotionally neutral procedure as we can manage. Ultimately, DSK’s is a boring, banal story. At least if we profess to be rational people, and not just slaves to our emotions. The former is often used in everyday language, as it has a rhetorical advantage. It’s not as if we can apply a moral calculus to consciously choose to feel a certain thing and then have that feeling. For instance, a length may be reported as 7.3 mm ± 0.2 mm. If we believe what Banon is saying now, she was very young at the time of the attempted rape and was put under intolerable pressure by people she might suppose to have her interests at heart, including her own mother, not to report it. Isn’t that kind of backward? It seems hard to get past the public signaling aspect — certainly there’s a lot of it on this thread. I think Hilzoy (“Ah, Hilzoy, thou should’st be blogging in this hour…”) nails it. Emotionally neutral, of course. Considering all the truly terrible things human beings do to each other on a daily basis, I don’t see why we should be especially emotionally invested in this particular case just because the media thinks it’s a great news story. If such is the case he’s more like a raunchier version of Eliot Spitzer, with really bad luck/judgement. The woman certainly feels victimized despite any judge’s rulings. There are many emotions available here. DSK, or his accuser, could be found innocent or guilty of rape or perjury, and still have acted either quite immorally or quite innocently in the affair, but what we need is a process that lets all parties have some imperfect redress short of the much worse alternative of having their friends and family shoot it out with the other side’s friends and family. This is the simplest case, and, so far as I know, nothing strongly undermines it, unless DSK’s alibi of eating with his daughter can be confirmed, and the fact that, apparently, he voluntarily told police he was at the airport, which is not clearly (though it may be) consistent with “fleeing” as early reports had it. Also, I am in agreement with CRW in that it constantly confounds me how, in the media and elsewhere, an allegation of sexual violence is conflated with allegations of someone being a bit of a “libertine/womaniser/seducer”, being prone to “peccadilloes” or having “a problem with women”. However, you can be sure that there will DSK is obviously going to have some rich and powerful enemies, so I would regard this as slightly possible. But what about the other side in cases like I described above. 10: a two-off is kind of like a one-off so 10 is not really a full answer to 8. I could be wrong, and I hope I can eat crow if that turns out to be the case. But withholding the emotion itself because it might be inappropriate? emotion意味、定義、emotionとは何か: a strong human feeling such as love, hat...: もっとみる ロングマン現代英英辞典より emotion e‧mo‧tion / ɪˈməʊʃ ə n $ ɪˈmoʊ-/ W3 noun [countable, uncountable] FEEL HAPPY/FRIGHTENED/BORED ETC a strong human feeling such as love, hate, or anger Her voice was full of emotion. The drama was for you. My primary emotion has been puzzlement. It can also be seen as a threat, potentially undermining our well-being. If an attacker is an international figure possessed of financial and legal resources and a fan base, it hardly becomes an easier decision to report, knowing that the world’s media will direct its gaze to your doorstep, and the viral online world will breach your anonymity and happily hunker down to trawl through the minutiae of your life (what you should/shouldn’t have done; possible motivations; what you should/shouldn’t have reported)? Rape is non-consensual period; that is definitional. The Supreme Court seemed too busy to have any trials. What’s the right way to feel, under uncertainty? I have trouble getting all aflutter about the one that (allegedly!) And that can be as conditional as you like – it’s perfectly sensible to say “I have an immediate emotional reaction of rage to this news, which will be perfectly correct and appropriate if he is found guilty, but which I will regret having and unendorse if he turns out innocent”. You want to know as it would be relevant to know so you will remain interested until you know. Couldn’t that also be seen as a violation of dignity and respect? Uncertainty refers to epistemic situations involving imperfect or unknown information.It applies to predictions of future events, to physical measurements that are already made, or to the unknown. I mean, yeah, I do, in fact, believe the victim. However, we know the emotion of uncertainty unlocks surprise and fun in our lives and allows us to experience brand new feelings, thoughts, beliefs and strategies. So, in effect, you ought to be as outraged now by DSK as you would be if you were 100% certain he had done something 80% as bad? And if some people don’t find the exercise edifying, that may be because we’ve had too many opportunities to work this through already. Can someone point me to movies to help educate my imagination on things like this? But there’s something else too, namely a sense of sentimental education, of the rehearsal of moralizing narrative: the story hits the news, then the story is rehearsed with various colours and spins. It is also sometimes used to convey that a large number of people are certain about B. The simple fact is that any emotion we feel here will, in all likelihood, turn out to be idiotic and misguided (as I found out already to my disadvantage). “What’s the right way to feel, under uncertainty?”. Either you are angry or not. So I feel sadness. A simple example of the co-operation and love of parents ,wife and children to achieve a goal. Or maybe it just seems categorically different to me because I am female. And while all of us knew that we would not be chosen for that trial, which would be some time in coming, the only comment that was made was that it would have been interesting. As well as the Duke Lacrosse scandal, there have also been (in the last decade) charges laid against Kobe Bryant by a hotel employee and against Al Gore by a massage therapist that I can think of off the top of my head. It takes away the uncertainty and shows you that yes, love is real. If you act as if he definitely did it, that would be wrong. And you could respond that we don’t choose our emotional responses, so it doesn’t make much sense to praise or blame ourselves for them. For example, I might feel anger at the alleged victim because somebody I know was once falsely accused of rape. So what is the appropriate emotional state to be in now, when you are in a state of uncertainty? Anxiety as an “epistemic” emotion: An uncertainty theory of anxiety. The paradox is this: We need both certainty and uncertainty. What is the MOOD in the story of The Aged Mother? (If the whole British press corps chimes in that Blair is a notorious skirt chaser, I give up). In a 1927 essay, the legendary horror author H.P. There’s a kind of Bayesian process at work: we encounter a news event with a set of priors, which may be based on facts and/or may be based on biases or prejudices. Normally this is for inmates with contagious diseases, but a NY Post article claims that the victim was living in an apartment complex that only rents to HIV+ people. Hilzoy is right. But Banon was an adult at the time, and yeah ceded to her mother’s wishes, apparently. “What is the appropriate emotional state to express publicly” is what’s going on here, hence the hedging. If what the woman is alleging is substantially correct, this is a non-starter. (Not all, of course. Aesthetic feelings, fine. While we ponder the prospect of his guilt, we feel fully outraged… then as we consider alternate explanations, our outrage is temporarily muted or redirected. What interests me is the question of how much difference there is between a vicarious moralistic reaction to a grubby story which may or may not be true, and the same kind of reaction to a grubby story that’s been made to stand up in court. Absolutely. Gallagher and other anxiety experts say that living with uncertainty is one of the most common topics coming up in their therapy sessions lately. Whether or not the court agrees, there is a victim in this case. simple example of the co-operation and love of parents ,wife and Oh Happy Politician, whose true emotions are always in accord with those required by their electorate! As the uncertainty of the scenarios increased, the subjects’ brains shifted control over to the limbic system, the place where emotions, such as anxiety and fear, are generated. There is something quite a lot like conditional anger — which is the sort of emotional reaction we have to fictions, like Iago. Money, kisses, and electric shocks: An affective psychology of risk. For people who want to parse that article and pick on the living arrangements of the victim, I think this quote from Harlem United’s website is appropriate: The program is the lease-holder of each apartment for the first 12 months, with the expectation that each client will graduate the program 12 months after admission, at which time the lease is moved into the client’s name and supportive services cease. For me, the question is why can’t we just speak in those terms – why must it be dressed up in emotion-speak? OK, you get the point. It sounds like DSK has a sex addiction problem, and rather than seeking professional help chose to feed it. Clearly it is a matter of dignity and respect for the victims that we view rape as so evil, though sometimes I wonder if the premature executioners don’t protest too much. As long as we mull over possible outcomes in congruence with our priors about their likelihood, our aggregate emotional response is appropriate. 5) The woman has been put up to lying. People typically find uncertainty to … We learn about Piroska Nagy’s characterization about her relationship with DSK in 2008. This leaves: 4) The woman is lying on her own. But this isn’t something that it makes sense to think about whether we should or shouldn’t; it just happens, for the reasons set out by Peter in #40. This section focuses on applying strategies for approaching your own and others' emotions in scientific and culturally responsive Clearly, there is ample time for reflection in this case, and so it seems to me that the appropriate response is to stop, take a breath, and think things through. Uncertainty arises in partially observable and/or stochastic environments, as well as due to ignorance, indolence, or both. in spite of actually being so, I’m pretty much 100% outraged. As children to achieve a goal. We can use the kind of framework proposed by Martin Bento @23 to characterise the set of possible explanations for what actually happened, and possibly (depending on our personal priors) we assign probabilities to those explanations. When someone says "B is certain" they really mean "I am certain that B". I wonder if people are assuming that the cost of being angry when that anger is not appropriate is higher than the cost of not being angry when anger is appropriate. He seems more like the boring kind. I’m unable to have the proper objectivity, apparently. Emotion, entropy evaluations and subjective uncertainty Lara Bertram (lara.bertram@surrey.ac.uk) University of Surrey, Psychology Deptartment, Guildford, UK Eric Schulz (eric.schulz@tuebingen.mpg.de) Max Planck Institute for What is plot of the story Sinigang by Marby Villaceran? Uncertainty, in my judgment, actually invites many, many possible emotions because it is a rather spacious environment within which I can consider multiple perspectives. Sadness for DSK, whose weaknesses have lead him to this point. ‘I’m cool as a cucumber, but, should the victim prove to be one, I will feel a sudden upsurge of sentiment on her behalf.’ Or, alternatively, if you are 80% confident that DSK is guilty, at this point, should you feel the level of outrage that would accrue to actual guilt, but discounted 20%, affectively. Disagree with glenn here. Then there may be a pissed-off escort service worker who was done out of a paying gig. …if he really committed the misdeed, that is.” My anger — really felt — is nonetheless also conditional anger. I’m not sure we can afford emotions about news items concerning people we don’t know, and likely will never meet. 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